Removal of Pollutants by Adsorption Technologies

A special issue of Processes (ISSN 2227-9717). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental and Green Processes".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 April 2024) | Viewed by 338

Special Issue Editors

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Guest Editor
School of Civil and Resource Engineering, University of Science & Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Interests: resource recovery; retired lithium-ion batteries; strategic metal recovery; refractory complex minerals; coal slime water; coal gangue; coal pyrolysis

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Guest Editor
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, China
Interests: coal slurry water; lattice defects in coal measures clays; quantum chemistry/molecular dynamics simulations
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Center for Durability & Sustainability Studies of Shandong Province, Qingdao University of Technology, Qingdao 266033, China
Interests: coal; coal-based solid waste; municipal solid waste; building materials; waste management; pyrolysis; catalytic upgrading
School of Environment and Spatial Informatics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
Interests: biosorbent; resource recovery; biomass pyrolysis; wastewater treatment;hterogeneous fenton catalysis; tailings recycling
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology-Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Interests: surface modification; carbon materials; solid waste resource treatment; resources cyclic utilization; surface and interface chemistry; molecular simulation of surface action; separation of fine particles

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The existing remediation methodologies for the removal of metals or organics are oxidation, coagulation and flocculation, precipitation, ion exchange, membrane filtration, ozone oxidation and bioremediation. Most of the methods involve the production of highly contaminated sludge and high maintenance costs or the use of a relatively expensive mineral matrix that offsets the performance and efficiency advantages. Adsorption has largely emerged as significant technology for removing harmful substances from water or soil.

Charcoal, activated carbon and biochar are three forms of carbon that have a lot of common properties, with very similar composition and method of production. Important physicochemical properties of the aforementioned forms of coal have favorable pH values, great water-holding capacity and low values of bulk density. Additionally, the presence of substantial amounts of plant nutrients renders them into potential soil amelioratives for effectively immobilizing PTEs in contaminated soils. There are two parameters for an effective in situ remediation technology: firstly, the induced changes of chemical speciation and of physicochemical state of contaminants, and secondly, the embodiment of amendments in polluted soils.

Elevated concentrations of heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are known to have adverse effects on the aquatic environment due to their high toxicity and long persistence. Several treatment methods have been used to remove these pollutants from water such as ion exchange/adsorption, biodegradation, photocatalysis oxidation, chemical precipitation, membrane filtration and electrochemical techniques. Of these, adsorption is the most cost-effective, simple, flexible and efficient process. In addition, it produces minimum chemical or biological sludge and the adsorbent can be regenerated and reused which leads to a more cost-effective process.

This Special Issue is organized into three sections:

  • Section 1— Advanced activated carbon preparation technology and activated carbon with strong adsorption capacity;
  • Section 2—Activated carbon as potential material for heavy metal removal from wastewater or soil;
  • Section 3—Activated carbon adsorption kinetics and in situ soil remediation techniques.

Dr. Hongyu Zhao
Dr. Jun Chen
Dr. Qiang Song
Dr. Lihui Gao
Dr. Jihui Li
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • water, soil
  • heavy metals
  • organic matter
  • adsorption mechanism
  • adsorption material
  • kinetics
  • thermodynamics

Published Papers

There is no accepted submissions to this special issue at this moment.
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