Biomass Resource/Energy Utilization and Microbial Transformation Technology

A special issue of Processes (ISSN 2227-9717). This special issue belongs to the section "Biological Processes and Systems".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (23 April 2024) | Viewed by 3003

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Environmental Protection and Water Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Saulėtekio av. 11, LT-10223 Vilnius, Lithuania
Interests: environmental protection technologies; air purification biotechnology; anaerobic waste treatment
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Department of Chemistry and Bioengineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Vilnius LT-10223, Lithuania
Interests: environmental microbiology; dynamics of the microbial communities; microbial enzymes; microbial biotechnology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The use of biomass resources in various processes is increasingly becoming relevant. It complies with the principles of sustainable development and a circular economy. In energy production, biomass resources can replace the currently widely used fossil fuels. Biomass can be used to develop environmental technologies for the reduction of air, sewage, water, soil, and physical pollution. The organic compounds present in the biomass are widely used in biotechnological processes, leading to energy production. The microorganisms in it can participate in the degradation of various pollutants during the production of biofuels. This approach contributes to the protection of the environment and the creation of new, efficient technologies.

This Special Issue "Biomass Resource/Energy Utilization and Microbial Transformation Technology" aims to obtain new knowledge about the utilization of biomass and microorganisms in various technological processes. The collected materials will contribute to the production of environmentally clean technologies, the creation of renewable energy, and sustainable development.

The Special Issue includes, but is not limited to, the following topics:

  • Air purification biotechnologies;
  • Biotechnologies of waste management;
  • Biotechnology in environmental protection;
  • Use of organic materials in energy production;
  • Transformation of biomass by microorganisms;
  • Biodegradation of materials;
  • Longevity of biomass;
  • Use of biomass to reduce physical pollution.

Dr. Alvydas Zagorskis
Prof. Dr. Jaunius Urbonavičius
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Processes is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • biofilters
  • anaerobic bioreactors
  • photobioreactors
  • photobioabsorbers
  • acoustic walls and elements
  • degradation of organic matter
  • photoelectrochemical biofuel cells
  • reduction of CO2 emissions
  • reduction of water pollution
  • electrochemical processes in biomass transformation
  • green gas technologies
  • transformation of biomass
  • biodegradation

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Review

12 pages, 3301 KiB  
Review
New Resources for Sustainable Thermal Insulation Using Textile and Agricultural Waste in a New Circular Economy Approach: An Overview
by Saloua Biyada, Mohammed Merzouki and Jaunius Urbonavičius
Processes 2023, 11(9), 2683; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr11092683 - 7 Sep 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2683
Abstract
Energy conservation has emerged as a strategic target worldwide, which will enable the protection of the environment and the preservation of natural resources. Energy consumption in buildings for heating and cooling is considered one of the main sources of energy consumption in several [...] Read more.
Energy conservation has emerged as a strategic target worldwide, which will enable the protection of the environment and the preservation of natural resources. Energy consumption in buildings for heating and cooling is considered one of the main sources of energy consumption in several countries. For this reason, there is an ongoing search for appropriate alternatives to preserve energy and reduce energy losses. To overcome this challenge, thermal insulation is becoming increasingly essential to save energy. Although a large number of insulation materials are used commercially, this sector still faces various challenges such as cost, thermal and mechanical properties, the end-of-life cycle, as well as health issues, etc. Furthermore, the harmful impact of buildings on the environment and health issues should be considered not only in relation to the energy expended whilst using them but also in relation to the energy performance materials they are constructed from. The insulation materials commonly used in the construction industry today are polymer-based materials such as polystyrene and polyurethane foam. These materials have a critical impact on the environment. In light of these results, several researchers have concluded that it is imperative to develop insulating materials with outstanding properties that have a lower impact on the environment and are relatively affordable. Agricultural and/or industrial wastes, and even natural fibers, are increasingly used as green insulation materials, as they are an eco-friendly, cost-effective alternative to conventional oil-based materials, as well as the fact that their end-of-life cycle does not pose a critical problem. This review paper discusses the several renewable resources and industrial wastes developed as thermal insulations. Furthermore, it sheds light on composite materials used as construction materials, as well as their end-of-life cycle. Full article
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