Advances in New and Renewable Fuel for Internal Combustion Engines

A special issue of Processes (ISSN 2227-9717). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Systems".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 July 2024 | Viewed by 2993

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta 31527, Egypt
Interests: internal combustion engine; computational fluid dynamics; biofuel; emissions control; combustion system; HCCI engine

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta 31733, Egypt
Interests: computational fluid dynamics (CFD); biofuel; emissions control; HCCI engine

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Recently, the search for new and renewable sources of fuel has intensified. This is after the agreement of many countries and institutions to take steps to preserve the environment by reducing emissions and reducing fossil fuel consumption. As such, work has been performed to raise the efficiency of combustion systems’ performance, especially in the application of internal combustion engines. To achieve this goal, all research authorities sought to maximize the production of alternative fuels that can be used in internal combustion engines without making fundamental changes in the original fuel systems. The production of biofuels from used edible oils, the cultivation and harvesting of algae, and the fermentation of agricultural residues are among the most important research directions in this regard. In this context, researchers are working through innovative mathematical and numerical methods in their research with the use of nanometric material technologies in order to achieve the best performance parameters in internal combustion engine systems.

Dr. Elkelawy Medhat
Dr. Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • new and renewable fuel
  • engine performance and emissions
  • biodiesel fuel
  • algae biodiesel
  • green hydrogen
  • nanoparticles
  • fuel additives

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

19 pages, 9685 KiB  
Article
Impact of Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene Oxide Nanomaterials on the Performance and Emissions of Diesel Engine Fueled with Diesel/Biodiesel Blend
by Medhat Elkelawy, El Shenawy A. El Shenawy, Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi and Mahmoud M. Shams
Processes 2023, 11(11), 3204; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr11113204 - 9 Nov 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1666
Abstract
Biodiesel produced from waste cooked oil (WCO) resources mixed with various nanoparticle additives and used as a fuel blend in diesel engine combustion is a hopeful research trend. All previous studies indicate that alternative fuels can provide better fuel properties with enhanced engine [...] Read more.
Biodiesel produced from waste cooked oil (WCO) resources mixed with various nanoparticle additives and used as a fuel blend in diesel engine combustion is a hopeful research trend. All previous studies indicate that alternative fuels can provide better fuel properties with enhanced engine combustion, performance, and lower emissions than fossil diesel fuel. This study uses three fuel blends to compare the diesel engine’s combustion, performance, and emissions attributes at different loading values. Pure diesel fuel, B40, which is a blend of 40% WCO biodiesel and 60% diesel fuel, and mixtures of 40% WCO biodiesel, 56% diesel, and 4% toluene with carbon nanotubes (B40-CNTs) or graphene oxide nano-additive (B40-GO) at three concentrations of 50, 100, and 150 ppm were used. The results show enhancements in the diesel engine attribute values using B40-CNTs and B40-GO blends at different concentrations and engine load values better than the diesel engine attribute result values using B0 or B40 without nanoparticle additives. The combustion, performance, and emission attribute showed improvements using nanoparticles due to the increase in the evaporation rate, the oxygen rate, the surface area to volume ratio, and the thermal properties of the mixture. The highest in-cylinder peak pressure is recorded at 61 bar in B40 with 150 PPM of GO nanoparticles. The brake thermal efficiency records 43.6%, with the highest percentage found using B40-150GO at the maximum engine load value. The NOx emissions are dropped from 1240 PPM using pure diesel fuel to 884 PPM using B40 with 150 PPM of GO nanoparticles at the maximum engine load due to the lower combustion temperatures and duration. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in New and Renewable Fuel for Internal Combustion Engines)
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16 pages, 2585 KiB  
Article
Effect of Diethyl Ether on the Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fueled with a Light Fraction of Waste Cooking Oil
by Aravind Samraj, Debabrata Barik, Metta Laxmi Deepak Bhatlu, Sachindra Kumar Rout, Badreddine Ayadi, Walid Aich, Ahmed Kadhim Hussein and Lioua Kolsi
Processes 2023, 11(9), 2613; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr11092613 - 1 Sep 2023
Viewed by 942
Abstract
In this study, a diesel engine was used to operate with blends of light fraction waste cooking oil (LFWCO) with diethyl ether (DEE). DEE was blended as an additive in the 5% to 20% ratio in steps of 5% each. The test indicates [...] Read more.
In this study, a diesel engine was used to operate with blends of light fraction waste cooking oil (LFWCO) with diethyl ether (DEE). DEE was blended as an additive in the 5% to 20% ratio in steps of 5% each. The test indicates that LFWCO+15-DEE produced optimum results regarding performance and emission. The BSFC for LFWCO+15-DEE was found to be higher by about 28.9%, and the BTE was lower by about 7.6%, in contrast to diesel, at 100% operating load, respectively. For LFWCO+15-DEE the EGT was lower by about 11.9%, in contrast to neat diesel, at 100% operating load. The various emissions such as carbon monoxide (CO), nitrous oxide (NO), and smoke opacity for LFWCO+15-DEE were found to be lower by about 32.9%, 25%, and 29.4%, but the NO release was more than other blends and it was about 36%, in contrast to diesel at 100% operating load, respectively. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in New and Renewable Fuel for Internal Combustion Engines)
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