Resilient Polymer Materials: Reduce the Risks and Effects of Natural Disasters

A special issue of Polymers (ISSN 2073-4360). This special issue belongs to the section "Smart and Functional Polymers".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2024 | Viewed by 1386

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
National Institute for Research & Development in Chemistry and Petrochemistry, ICECHIM, Bucharest, Romania
Interests: composite materials; hybrid structures; advanced water treatment processes
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Guest Editor
Chemical Process Engineering and Forest Products Research Centre, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Coimbra, 3000-370 Coimbra, Portugal
Interests: aerogels; nanoparticles; sol-gel; soft-solution synthesis; functional nanomaterials; environmental remediation; thermal insulation
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues, 

Due to extreme changes in weather patterns, our world today is increasingly bearing the brunt of several natural disasters such as droughts, floods, and vegetation fires. Along with international and national policies and strategies for reducing the risks and effects of natural disasters, there is also a dire need to implement smarter devices and equipment with adequate features to detect the probability of such disasters, as well as prevent or diminish the losses they engender. In this context, the scientific community is tasked with developing efficient, sustainable and resilient materials that may be integrated into the various processes of engineering (protection gears, sensors, etc.), post-disaster management for land and water rehabilitation, and any other process that can potentially ameliorate the adverse impacts of natural disasters. 

Therefore, this Special Issue aims to collate original as well as review articles that highlight the use novel approaches and/or improved polymer materials to build disaster-resilient societies, particularly focusing on multifunctional polymer materials, thermal insulation materials, fire-resilient materials, shock-resistant materials, advanced materials for water purification/desalination and soil remediation/restoration, and original materials for sensors development. Papers describing original methods for the preparation of polymer (nano)composites, hybrid (bio)polymers, aerogels and nanostructured polymers are also encouraged

Dr. Verona Iordache
Dr. Luísa Durães
Dr. Radu Claudiu Fierascu
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • polymer materials
  • resilient materials
  • water and soil restoring/protection
  • sensors
  • natural disasters

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

16 pages, 4243 KiB  
Article
Synthesis and Properties of Modified Biodegradable Polymers Based on Caprolactone
by Maria E. Fortună, Elena Ungureanu, Răzvan Rotaru, Alexandra Bargan, Ovidiu C. Ungureanu, Carmen O. Brezuleanu and Valeria Harabagiu
Polymers 2023, 15(24), 4731; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym15244731 - 17 Dec 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1139
Abstract
In this paper, the synthesis and characterization of two polycaprolactone-polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS-CL) copolymers with biodegradable properties are reported. A comparative study was carried out using an aminopropyl-terminated polydimethylsiloxane macro-initiator (APDMS) with two different molecular weights. The copolymers (PDMS-CL-1 and PDMS-CL-2) were obtained by ring-opening [...] Read more.
In this paper, the synthesis and characterization of two polycaprolactone-polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS-CL) copolymers with biodegradable properties are reported. A comparative study was carried out using an aminopropyl-terminated polydimethylsiloxane macro-initiator (APDMS) with two different molecular weights. The copolymers (PDMS-CL-1 and PDMS-CL-2) were obtained by ring-opening polymerization of ɛ-caprolactone using APDMS as initiators and stannous 2-ethylhexanoate as a catalyst. The copolymer’s structures were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectra, and energy dispersion spectroscopy (EDX). Surface morphology was investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The hydrophobic properties of the copolymers were demonstrated by the water contact angle and water vapor sorption capacity. Additionally, biological tests were conducted on San Marzano type tomato plants (Lypercosium esculentum) to assess the synthesized copolymers’ susceptibility to the environment in terms of biological stability and metabolic activity. The biodegradation of PDMS-CL-1 and PDMS-CL-2 copolymers does not have a dangerous effect on the metabolic activity of plants, which makes it a convenient product in interaction with the environment. Full article
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