Special Issue "Current Research on Fusarium: 2nd Edition"

A special issue of Pathogens (ISSN 2076-0817). This special issue belongs to the section "Fungal Pathogens".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2023 | Viewed by 849

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Daiva Burokiene
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Laboratory of Plant Pathology, Nature Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania
Interests: fungal and bacterial plant pathogens; phylogenetic analyses; genotyping; genomics
Institute of Agriculture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Akademija, LT-58344 Kėdainiai, Lithuania
Interests: identification and quantification of plant pathogens; investigation of factors influencing their occurrence and the establishment in agroecosystems; plat pathogen interaction with host plant and antagonistic microorganisms
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Biology Department, City University of New York Brooklyn College, Brooklyn, NY 11210, USA
Interests: role of functional amyloids in cell adhesion; structure and function of cell adhesion proteins in eukaryotes; role of fungal cell adhesion proteins in pathogenesis; structure, evolution, and biosynthesis of fungal cell walls; discovery of wall-targeted antifungal drugs
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The Fusarium species are some of the most important plant pathogens; they have diverse ecological characteristics, different nutritional and environmental requirements, and several strategies for associating with and colonizing host plants. Solely, or in complexes, Fusarium species may cause various root, crown, stem, stalk, and fruit rots, head blight, and vascular wilts in plants of economic and ecological importance. In addition, members of the genus are producers of a wide range of secondary metabolites and may also be pathogenic to humans and animals. Fusarium fungi also have a widespread distribution as they are capable of growing and developing on a wide range of substrates, have efficient mechanisms for spore dispersal, and are capable of surviving in a variety of environmental conditions. Most of the plant-pathogenic species are soilborne and can therefore survive in soil and plant debris for numerous years. Thus, this fungus is also difficult to control, and the physical, chemical, and cultural management methods used so far in agricultural crops are insufficiently effective. Fusarium head blight, root rots, and wilts caused by the Fusarium species are among the most studied phytopathogens worldwide, but there is still a lack of knowledge on how to control them, especially in view of the increased need for conservation and reduced tillage systems and the reduced- or non-chemical control of plant diseases.

Thus, this Special Issue aims to present some of the latest works on Fusarium genomics; population genetics, diversity, and virulence mechanisms; pathogen–host interactions; the evaluation of the prevalence of Fusarium fungi; the pathogenicity and genome structure of the Fusarium species; disease risk forecasting; the elucidation of risk-reduction strategies including cropping factors; sustainable disease control strategies; and the presentation of new laboratory techniques for the isolation, identification, detection, and quantification of these pathogens, among other relevant topics.

Dr. Daiva Burokiene
Dr. Skaidrė Supronienė
Prof. Dr. Peter N. Lipke
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Pathogens is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Fusarium
  • epidemiology
  • phylogeny
  • genetics
  • pathogen-host interaction
  • secondary metabolites
  • metabolomics
  • transcriptomics
  • preventive/eradication measures

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Published Papers (1 paper)

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35 pages, 17627 KiB  
The Cultured Microbiome of Pollinated Maize Silks Shifts after Infection with Fusarium graminearum and Varies by Distance from the Site of Pathogen Inoculation
Pathogens 2023, 12(11), 1322; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens12111322 - 06 Nov 2023
Viewed by 726
Styles transmit pollen-derived sperm nuclei from pollen to ovules, but also transmit environmental pathogens. The microbiomes of styles are likely important for reproduction/disease, yet few studies exist. Whether style microbiome compositions are spatially responsive to pathogens is unknown. The maize pathogen Fusarium graminearum [...] Read more.
Styles transmit pollen-derived sperm nuclei from pollen to ovules, but also transmit environmental pathogens. The microbiomes of styles are likely important for reproduction/disease, yet few studies exist. Whether style microbiome compositions are spatially responsive to pathogens is unknown. The maize pathogen Fusarium graminearum enters developing grain through the style (silk). We hypothesized that F. graminearum treatment shifts the cultured transmitting silk microbiome (TSM) compared to healthy silks in a distance-dependent manner. Another objective of the study was to culture microbes for future application. Bacteria were cultured from husk-covered silks of 14 F. graminearum-treated diverse maize genotypes, proximal (tip) and distal (base) to the F. graminearum inoculation site. Long-read 16S sequences from 398 isolates spanned 35 genera, 71 species, and 238 OTUs. More bacteria were cultured from F. graminearum-inoculated tips (271 isolates) versus base (127 isolates); healthy silks were balanced. F. graminearum caused a collapse in diversity of ~20–25% across multiple taxonomic levels. Some species were cultured exclusively or, more often, from F. graminearum-treated silks (e.g., Delftia acidovorans, Klebsiella aerogenes, K. grimontii, Pantoea ananatis, Stenotrophomonas pavanii). Overall, the results suggest that F. graminearum alters the TSM in a distance-dependent manner. Many isolates matched taxa that were previously identified using V4-MiSeq (core and F. graminearum-induced), but long-read sequencing clarified the taxonomy and uncovered greater diversity than was initially predicted (e.g., within Pantoea). These isolates represent the first comprehensive cultured collection from pathogen-treated maize silks to facilitate biocontrol efforts and microbial marker-assisted breeding. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Research on Fusarium: 2nd Edition)
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