Diet, Nutritional Factors and Their Effect on Different Stages of Cancer

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643). This special issue belongs to the section "Nutritional Epidemiology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 25 September 2024 | Viewed by 1547

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Guest Editor
Centre for Biotechnology and Fine Chemistry (CBQF), Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Porto, Portugal
Interests: nutrition; diet; inflammatory; tumorigenesis; health; anti-inflammatory dietary models; epigenetics
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Diet, nutrition and food biomolecules play critical and intricate roles throughout the cancer process, contributing to its development and progression. Additionally, the maintenance of a balanced nutritional status during cancer treatment is fundamental for success in clinical outcomes. Importantly, cancer survivors and patients seek information about diet not only with the goal of improving overall health, but also to mitigate cancer-related symptoms and minimize the risk of other forms of cancer.

There are, however, several challenges in interpreting diet–cancer relationships related to methodological limitations, the heterogeneity of studies, and the need for the replication of findings. Moreover, some nutritional factors might also impact the risk of recurrence or second primary cancer in cancer patients, highlighting the need for nutritional assessments and support by healthcare professionals in the context of tertiary prevention.

This Special Issue of Nutrients, entitled “Diet, Nutritional Factors and Their Effect on Different Stages of Cancer”, aims to explore and deepen diet–cancer relationships and welcomes the submission of manuscripts unravelling the impact of diet and dietary components throughout carcinogenesis and cancer disease. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, those described above. Manuscripts that explore new technologies and approaches, including the use of biomarkers of dietary exposure, the investigation of the molecular structure of nutritional factors and the consideration of dietary patterns, are of particular interest.

Researchers are invited to submit original research articles using any study design, including case studies, cross-sectional studies, implementation or interventional studies, cohort studies, and reviews and meta-analyses. We aim to publish a wide range of papers in this Special Issue and encourage you to submit your research. Additionally, we ask that you please share this announcement with any colleagues you think may be interested.

Dr. Marta Correia
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Nutrients is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2900 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • diet
  • nutritional factor
  • cancer
  • food intake
  • bioactive molecules

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

14 pages, 979 KiB  
Article
Nutritional Status Indices and Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance Risk in the Elderly Population: Findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
by Linfeng Li, Mengrui Wu, Zhengyu Yu and Ting Niu
Nutrients 2023, 15(19), 4210; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu15194210 - 29 Sep 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1283
Abstract
Objective: Although several studies have found dietary intake is related to multiple myeloma (MM) and its precursor status risks, the role of one’s nutritional status has been ignored and its role in plasma cell neoplasm development is still unclear. This study aimed to [...] Read more.
Objective: Although several studies have found dietary intake is related to multiple myeloma (MM) and its precursor status risks, the role of one’s nutritional status has been ignored and its role in plasma cell neoplasm development is still unclear. This study aimed to explore the relationship between various clinical indices of nutritional status and the risk of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) in the population. Methods: We selected 9520 participants from the NHANES III and NHANES 1999–2004 studies. Controlling nutritional status index (CONUT), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) and body mass index (BMI) were calculated as indices of nutritional status of the participants. Associations between nutritional indices and MGUS were investigated using multiple logistic regression, subgroup analysis, and an RCS model. Results: In our study, 266 participants had MGUS, with a prevalence of 2.79%. This study found that CONUT and PNI identified populations with poor nutritional status and had a significant positive correlation with the risk of MGUS. In multivariate logistic regression, compared with the lower CONUT score (<3) group, the OR for the group with higher scores (≥3) was 1.805 (95%CI: 1.271, 2.564). Compared with the lowest quartile group, the highest quartile PNI score group had an OR of 0.509 (95%CI: 0.290, 0.896). GNRI had no significant correlation with the risk of MGUS, with an OR of 0.737 (95%CI: 0.443, 1.227). Conclusion: This study found that older adults with CONUT and PNI scores indicating poorer nutrition had a higher risk of MGUS. Full article
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