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Advancing Cardiovascular Health: Innovative Dietary Approaches to Mitigate Heart Disease Risk

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643). This special issue belongs to the section "Nutritional Epidemiology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (5 May 2024) | Viewed by 1536

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
INSERM U1065, Centre Méditerranéen de Médecine Moléculaire C3M, Nice, France
Interests: metabolic diseases; inflammation; nutrition; dietary approaches; genetic epidemiology; gene expression control
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue in Nutrients focuses on dietary strategies designed to promote cardiovascular health and significantly lower the risk of heart disease. In light of evolving research, it is increasingly evident that dietary choices play a pivotal role in preventing and managing heart disease, a persistent global health concern. Within this Special Issue, leading experts and researchers explore innovative dietary approaches, encompassing the latest scientific findings and emerging trends that can revolutionize heart health. Modern dietary approaches, such as precision nutrition, personalized dietary recommendations, and the influence of gut microbiota on cardiovascular well-being, are considered to be important for heart health, while well-established diets like the Mediterranean and DASH diets demonstrate an important relevance in cardiovascular disease prevention. This Special Issue welcomes contributions of articles related to the topic, which are recommended to be review and original articles, while brief reports and communications are also welcome.

Dr. Maria G. Stathopoulou
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2900 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • heart disease prevention
  • dietary interventions
  • heart-healthy diets
  • Mediterranean diet
  • plant-based nutrition
  • DASH diet in contemporary context
  • gut microbiota and heart health
  • nutrients and heart health
  • dietary patterns
  • clinical trials in nutrition

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

12 pages, 1731 KiB  
Article
Poor Nutritional Status during Recovery from Acute Myocardial Infarction in Patients without an Early Nutritional Intervention Predicts a Poor Prognosis: A Single-Center Retrospective Study
by Hiroshi Abe, Tetsuro Miyazaki, Masato Tomaru, Yuka Nobushima, Tomohi Ajima, Koji Hirabayashi, Sayaki Ishiwata, Midori Kakihara, Masaaki Maki, Ryosuke Shimai, Tadao Aikawa, Hiroyuki Isogai, Dai Ozaki, Yuki Yasuda, Fuminori Odagiri, Kazuhisa Takamura, Makoto Hiki, Hiroshi Iwata, Ken Yokoyama, Takashi Tokano and Tohru Minaminoadd Show full author list remove Hide full author list
Nutrients 2023, 15(22), 4748; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu15224748 - 10 Nov 2023
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Abstract
Whether malnutrition during the early phase of recovery from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) could be a predictor of mortality or morbidity has not been ascertained. We examined 289 AMI patients. All-cause mortality and composite endpoints (all-cause mortality, nonfatal stroke, nonfatal acute coronary syndrome, [...] Read more.
Whether malnutrition during the early phase of recovery from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) could be a predictor of mortality or morbidity has not been ascertained. We examined 289 AMI patients. All-cause mortality and composite endpoints (all-cause mortality, nonfatal stroke, nonfatal acute coronary syndrome, and hospitalization for acute decompensated heart failure) during the follow-up duration (median 39 months) were evaluated. There were 108 (37.8%) malnourished patients with GNRIs of less than 98 on arrival; however, malnourished patients significantly decreased to 91 (31.4%) during the convalescence period (p < 0.01). The incidence rates of mortality and primary composite endpoints were significantly higher in the malnourished group than in the well-nourished group both on arrival and during the convalescence period (All p < 0.05). Nutrition guidance significantly improved GNRI in a group of patients who were undernourished (94.7 vs. 91.0, p < 0.01). Malnourished patients on admission who received nutritional guidance showed similar all-cause mortality with well-nourished patients, whereas malnourished patients without receiving nutritional guidance demonstrated significantly worse compared to the others (p = 0.03). The assessment of GNRI during the convalescence period is a useful risk predictor for patients with AMI. Nutritional guidance may improve the prognoses of patients with poor nutritional status. Full article
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