Dietary Bioactive Compounds and Human Health: The Role of Bioavailability

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643). This special issue belongs to the section "Phytochemicals and Human Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 June 2024 | Viewed by 2719

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
1. Graduate Program in Veterinary Hygiene (PPGHV), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Fluminense Federal University (UFF), Vital Brazil Filho, Niterói 24230-340, RJ, Brazil
2. Center for Food Analysis (NAL), Technological Development Support Laboratory (LADETEC), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro 21941-901, RJ, Brazil
3. Laboratory of Advanced Analysis in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (LAABBM), Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro 21941-909, RJ, Brazil
Interests: food control; antimicrobial resistance genes; genomic; microbiome; animal production
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Co-Guest Editor
1. Center for Food Analysis (NAL), Technological Development Support, Laboratory (LADETEC), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro 21941-901, RJ, Brazil
2. Laboratory of Advanced Analysis in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (LAABBM), Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro 21941-909, RJ, Brazil
Interests: chemistry; polymers; nanotechnology; drug delivery systems; food science and technology; bioactive compounds; antioxidants
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The relationship between dietary bioactive compounds and human health has generated significant interest within both the scientific community and the general public. These dietary phytochemicals encompass a diverse group, including polyphenols, carotenoids, phytosterols, omega-3 fatty acids, probiotics, prebiotics, glucosinolates, lignans, and flavonoids, which offer potential health benefits including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and the potential for prevention/treatment of chronic diseases. However, several factors can affect its solubility and bioavailability, such as molecular structure, effect of the food matrix, transporters, pH variations, and gut microbiota metabolism. Therefore, the role of dietary bioactive compounds’ bioavailability becomes fundamental to understanding the potential beneficial effects on human health. Recent alternatives have been applied to improve the absorption and bioavailability of these phytonutrients, including structural modifications, colloidal systems, and nanotechnology. Furthermore, continued research in this field promises personalized dietary recommendations that take into account individual metabolism and genetic factors, allowing for more targeted approaches to nutrition and human health promotion. Thus, this Special Issue of Nutrients, entitled “Dietary Bioactive Compounds and Human Health: The Role of Bioavailability”, welcomes high-quality original studies and review articles that examine the bioavailability of dietary bioactive compounds to improve human health.

Prof. Dr. Carlos Adam Conte Júnior
Dr. Italo Rennan Sousa Vieira
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • phytochemicals
  • phenolic compounds
  • bioactivity
  • oxidative stress
  • inflammation
  • human health
  • non-communicable diseases
  • diabetes
  • obesity
  • hypertension
  • Alzheimer's
  • cancer
  • nanotechnology
  • nanoparticles
  • nano-delivery systems

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Review

20 pages, 2451 KiB  
Review
Application of Nanoparticles in Human Nutrition: A Review
by Ammar B. Altemimi, Halgord Ali M. Farag, Tablo H. Salih, Farhang H. Awlqadr, Alaa Jabbar Abd Al-Manhel, Italo Rennan Sousa Vieira and Carlos Adam Conte-Junior
Nutrients 2024, 16(5), 636; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu16050636 - 25 Feb 2024
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Abstract
Nanotechnology in human nutrition represents an innovative advance in increasing the bioavailability and efficiency of bioactive compounds. This work delves into the multifaceted dietary contributions of nanoparticles (NPs) and their utilization for improving nutrient absorption and ensuring food safety. NPs exhibit exceptional solubility, [...] Read more.
Nanotechnology in human nutrition represents an innovative advance in increasing the bioavailability and efficiency of bioactive compounds. This work delves into the multifaceted dietary contributions of nanoparticles (NPs) and their utilization for improving nutrient absorption and ensuring food safety. NPs exhibit exceptional solubility, a significant surface-to-volume ratio, and diameters ranging from 1 to 100 nm, rendering them invaluable for applications such as tissue engineering and drug delivery, as well as elevating food quality. The encapsulation of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants within NPs introduces an innovative approach to counteract nutritional instabilities and low solubility, promoting human health. Nanoencapsulation methods have included the production of nanocomposites, nanofibers, and nanoemulsions to benefit the delivery of bioactive food compounds. Nutrition-based nanotechnology and nanoceuticals are examined for their economic viability and potential to increase nutrient absorption. Although the advancement of nanotechnology in food demonstrates promising results, some limitations and concerns related to safety and regulation need to be widely discussed in future research. Thus, the potential of nanotechnology could open new paths for applications and significant advances in food, benefiting human nutrition. Full article
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