Novel Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Nutrition-Related Disorders

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643). This special issue belongs to the section "Nutritional Epidemiology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 25 June 2024 | Viewed by 1298

Special Issue Editors

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Guest Editor
Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poznan, Poland
Interests: probiotics; prebiotics; dysbiosis; microbiota; iron
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Department of Treatment of Obesity, Metabolic Disorders and Clinical Dietetics, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 60-569 Poznan, Poland
Interests: obesity; diabetes; lipid disorders; arterial hypertension; ischemic heart disease; cardiac rehabilitation; physical training

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In the XXI century, the epidemic of improper nutrition has spread dramatically. High-fat and high-sugar diets, as well as diets low in plant products and diets deficient in minerals, vitamins, and other nutrients, have been commonly used in western countries and beyond. These unbalanced ways of nutrition have resulted in various negative health consequences and cardiovascular disorders, from obesity, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and gout to ischemic heart disease, arterial hypertension, stroke, and myocardial infarction. Therefore, an improper diet can significantly increase patients’ cardiovascular risk. Due to tremendous increases in the quantity of patients suffering from heart and vascular diseases, cardiovascular risk should be estimated in the most reliable possible manner. Various risk indicators are commonly used, including age, blood pressure, heart rate, glucose and lipids blood levels, body mass index, and many others. However, there is a strong need to improve the accuracy of risk evaluation. Thus, new cardiovascular risk indicators appear systematically. In our special issue, we encourage authors to submit their original studies, reviews, case reports, and clinical images that demonstrate the usefulness of novel cardiovascular risk markers in clinical practice. We deeply believe that a range of parameters proposed by the authors will soon be widely used in everyday patient care.

Dr. Katarzyna Skrypnik
Dr. Damian Skrypnik
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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  • cardiovascular disorders
  • high-fat diet
  • high-sugar diet
  • risk evaluation
  • cardiovascular risk markers
  • clinical practice
  • patient care

Published Papers (1 paper)

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13 pages, 913 KiB  
Assessment of Epicardial Fat in Children: Its Role as a Cardiovascular Risk Factor and How It Is Influenced by Lifestyle Habits
by Valeria Calcaterra, Hellas Cena, Vittoria Garella, Federica Loperfido, Claudia Chillemi, Matteo Manuelli, Savina Mannarino and Gianvincenzo Zuccotti
Nutrients 2024, 16(3), 420; - 31 Jan 2024
Viewed by 1123
Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) stands out as a distinctive repository of visceral fat, positioned in close anatomical and functional proximity to the heart. EAT has emerged as a distinctive reservoir of visceral fat, intricately interlinked with cardiovascular health, particularly within the domain of [...] Read more.
Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) stands out as a distinctive repository of visceral fat, positioned in close anatomical and functional proximity to the heart. EAT has emerged as a distinctive reservoir of visceral fat, intricately interlinked with cardiovascular health, particularly within the domain of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The aim of our overview is to highlight the role of EAT as a marker for cardiovascular risk in children. We also explore the influence of unhealthy lifestyle habits as predisposing factors for the deposition of EAT. The literature data accentuate the consequential impact of lifestyle choices on EAT dynamics, with sedentary behavior and unwholesome dietary practices being contributory to a heightened cardiovascular risk. Lifestyle interventions with a multidisciplinary approach are therefore pivotal, involving a nutritionally balanced diet rich in polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, regular engagement in aerobic exercise, and psychosocial support to effectively mitigate cardiovascular risks in children. Specific interventions, such as high-intensity intermittent training and circuit training, reveal favorable outcomes in diminishing the EAT volume and enhancing cardiometabolic health. Future clinical studies focusing on EAT in children are crucial for advancing our understanding and developing targeted strategies for cardiovascular risk management in this population. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Nutrition-Related Disorders)
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