Special Issue "Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Biobased Polymers"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 August 2023) | Viewed by 8141
Interests: synthesis and characterization of polyesters; development of biobased polymers; biodegradable polymers; polymer composites and nanocomposites; synthesis and characterization of copolymers; polymer blends; recycling of polymers with various techniques; enzymatic hydrolysis studies; modification of natural polymers; polymer for wastewater treatment pollutant removal; polymers for tissue engineering and drug delivery applications; drug–polymer solid dispersions; drug targeting; drug nanoencapsulation and microencapsulation
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According to the IUPAC definition, a biobased polymer is a polymer derived from biomass or issued from monomers derived from biomass and which, at some stage in its processing into finished products, can be shaped by flow. Biobased polymers have gained a large amount of interest in the last few decades due to the increased need to phase out fossil resources and reduce their impacts on global warming. These pressures have led to the development and growth of a new economy known as the bioeconomy. The first biobased polymers introduced to the markets were poly(hydroxy alkanoate)s produced in the 1980s in bioreactors, and poly(lactic acid) is today the most important synthesized biobased polymer.
Historically, the raw materials used in industry have mostly been renewable, with the utilization of biomass and coal being equal about 100 years ago. In the 1920s, coal tar-based materials took the lead, with their use reaching its zenith around 1930. Thereafter, the rise of fossil gas and oil was irresistible, eliminating coal nearly completely and reducing renewable feedstocks to very modest levels. Since 2000, there has been a great interest again for materials derived from renewable resources, such as biomass, and this demand will certainly increase over the next few years. There are two different strategies for producing bioplastics from biomass. In strategy (i), the biorefining of biomass is employed to produce synthetic crude oil (“renewable oil”), biobased additives and green monomers. In strategy (ii), these monomers are used for effective polymer manufacturing processes.
Innovations in the development of biobased and biodegradable polymers is believed to be one of the best ways for the polymer industry to address environmental issues. For this reason, biodegradable polymers are used in various applications, including biomedicine, drug delivery, additive technologies, agriculture, film, fibers, packaging, the automotive industry, etc. Therefore, it is well known that the future of plastics is going to be green.
This Special Issue aims to collect novel research works and reviews on biobased polymers that have been conducted in the last few years on the synthesis, characterization and application of biobased polymers.
Prof. Dr. Dimitrios Bikiaris
Manuscript Submission Information
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- biobased polymers
- biobased monomers
- synthetic biobased polymers
- eco-friendly polymers
- biopolymer applications