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Special Issue "Geochemistry, Environmental Impact and Remediation of Mining Areas"
A special issue of Minerals (ISSN 2075-163X). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Mineralogy and Biogeochemistry".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 September 2023 | Viewed by 5321
Special Issue Editors
Interests: organic petrology (basic and applied); organic geochemistry; coal; dispersed organic matter
Interests: environmental geochemistry; GIS; geological exploration and mineral resources
Special Issue Information
Abandoned mines are complex geochemical systems that can be responsible for significant environmental damage. Mining wastes and mine drainage can contain high concentrations of Potentially Toxic Elements (PTEs) and other hazardous substances that can be transferred to the adjacent soils and water bodies through the weathering of primary minerals and secondary mineral phase precipitation. Leaching processes from old mining residues can be complex and controlled by different factors, geochemical and mineralogical composition, waste granulometry, weathering conditions and climate. A relevant factor in this process is the presence of acid mine drainage, acidic solutions that result from sulphide dissolution, rich in PTEs.
The environmental assessment in mining areas is largely dependent on hazardous elements' mobility, speciation and bioavailability. Nonetheless, Pollution Indexes have been extensively applied to provide an expedited approach to soil and sediment contamination characterization.
The inventory and detailed characterization of these abandoned mining sites are essential, only an extensive study of the environmental impacts on the surrounding soils, waters, air and ecosystems can lead to appropriate remediation actions in old abandoned mines, and the formulation of suitable environmental mitigation measures on active and future mines. The sites contaminated with toxic organics and metals present a particular challenge for remediation. The promising remediation strategies for contaminated historical mining sites are a requirement for the prevention of environmental damage from mining operations.
This Special Issue aims to compile different contributions to the global portrayal of environmental impacts of abandoned mines, its geological and mineralogical controls, geochemical characterization of hazardous materials, mobility, speciation, bioavailability, environmental assessment, and mitigation and or remediation measures. Unconventional or less common approaches are warmly welcome.
Prof. Dr. Deolinda Flores
Dr. Patrícia Santos
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Minerals is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- mine waste
- soil contamination
- potentially toxic elements
- water contamination
- pollution indices
- mine drainage
- acid drainage
- risk assessment