Special Issue "Current Understanding on the Genesis of Terrestrial Basaltic Rocks: Implications for the Evolution of Rocky Planetary Crusts"

A special issue of Minerals (ISSN 2075-163X). This special issue belongs to the section "Mineral Geochemistry and Geochronology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2023 | Viewed by 294

Special Issue Editors

Discipline of Geological Sciences, SAEES, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4000, South Africa
Interests: igneous petrology; geochemistry; impact cratering process; Archaean geochemistry and tectonics; geochronology
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Planetary Science Division, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad 380 009, India
Interests: planetary geology; impact craters; meteorites; oceanic basalts; continental flood basalts
School of Earth and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Interests: igneous petrology; large igneous province; plume-subducted slab interaction; ore deposit

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Basalt is the most abundant type of eruptive rock on the surfaces of the inner solar system’s rocky planetary bodies.  The basaltic rocks occurring on the surface of planet Earth are perhaps among the voluminous and best-studied rocks in our inner solar system. The knowledge derived through modern research on these basaltic rocks could be extended to evaluate the evolution of planetary basaltic crusts. Although terrestrial basaltic rocks, occurring both on the modern ocean floor and continents, have been studied extensively using petrographic, mineral, and whole-rock geochemical and isotopic techniques and approaches of experimental petrology, many fundamental questions remain unresolved—for example, the origin of continental flood basalts (CFBs), the debatable mantle plume hypothesis and its possible role in basalt petrogenesis, and the contamination of upper mantle with components of continental crust during Gondwana breakup and its impact on geochemistry of oceanic basalts. If the modern plate tectonic-like setting was absent in the Precambrian era, what would be the model for explaining the origin of these terrestrial Precambrian basalts?

Petrochemical information on extraterrestrial basalts comes from studies on returned and achondrite samples mainly from the Moon, Mars, and parent body of HED meteorite vestas. The origin of high Ti basalts on the Moon, the role of KREEP components in lunar basalt petrogenesis, serial magmatism explaining the petrologic diversity in the lunar crust, the nature of young volcanism on the Moon, the ancient basaltic crust and geological evolution of Mars, the enrichment and depletion of Martian mantle through crust, etc. are topic of significant interest. It is also important to explore why terrestrial subduction-zone-related basalts (i.e., high-Al2O3 basalts) are not abundant in the achondritic meteorite population. To gather the most up-to-date answers to some of these questions, the journal Minerals is planning to publish a Special Issue on ‘Terrestrial and Planetary Basaltic Rocks’, which will focus on the following themes: a) terrestrial MORB and its planetary significance, b) terrestrial subduction zone basalts, c) origin of extraterrestrial basalts using suitable terrestrial analogy, and d) mantle plume and its impact on basalt petrogenesis, especially continental flood basalts occurring in our planet.

Dr. Saumitra Misra
Dr. Dwijesh Ray
Prof. Dr. Zhaochong Zhang
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Minerals is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • MORB
  • subduction zone basalts
  • continental flood basalt
  • lunar and Martian basalts
  • basaltic achondrite
  • mantle plume and basalt petrogenesis

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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