Transmission and Ecology of Foodborne Pathogens

A special issue of Microorganisms (ISSN 2076-2607). This special issue belongs to the section "Food Microbiology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2021) | Viewed by 5157

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, R. Dr António Bernardino de Almeida, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal
Interests: microbial food safety; virulence factors in food pathogens; Listeria monocytogenes and listeriosis; Campylobacter spp. and campylobacteriosis; microbial characterization; technological improvement of traditional foods; bioconservation agents; preservation of lactic acid bacteria
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
CBQF - Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina – Laboratório Associado, Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Porto, Portugal
Interests: food microbiology; food safety; food quality; food biotechnology
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The occurrence and severity of illnesses related to foodborne pathogens has become an increasing problem worldwide, seriously endangering human health and economic stability. Many foodborne pathogens are naturally found in the environment, whereby understanding their ecology is essential to apply appropriate food safety measures. The ability of several foodborne pathogens to colonize different food processing environments and persist over longer periods of time can cause a substantial challenge by their repeated food contamination. Improvements in genetic-based technologies have allowed a more efficient detection of foodborne outbreaks; whole genome sequencing is being increasingly exploited in tracing transmission routes and identifying contamination sources.

The scope of this Special Issue will be to promote research on the ecology, pathogenicity, and dissemination of different foodborne pathogens and on the identification of possible strategies to break their transmission chain from “farm to fork”.

Dr. Paula Teixeira
Dr. Joana Inês Bastos Barbosa
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • foodborne diseases
  • microbial food contamination
  • contamination sources
  • prevention and control

Published Papers (1 paper)

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14 pages, 694 KiB  
Systematic Review
A Systematic Review on the Effectiveness of Pre-Harvest Meat Safety Interventions in Pig Herds to Control Salmonella and Other Foodborne Pathogens
by Maria Rodrigues da Costa, Joana Pessoa, Diana Meemken and Truls Nesbakken
Microorganisms 2021, 9(9), 1825; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9091825 - 27 Aug 2021
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 4106
Abstract
This systematic review aimed to assess the effectiveness of pre-harvest interventions to control the main foodborne pathogens in pork in the European Union. A total of 1180 studies were retrieved from PubMed® and Web of Science for 15 pathogens identified as relevant [...] Read more.
This systematic review aimed to assess the effectiveness of pre-harvest interventions to control the main foodborne pathogens in pork in the European Union. A total of 1180 studies were retrieved from PubMed® and Web of Science for 15 pathogens identified as relevant in EFSA’s scientific opinion on the public health hazards related to pork (2011). The study selection focused on controlled studies where a cause–effect could be attributed to the interventions tested, and their effectiveness could be inferred. Altogether, 52 studies published from 1983 to 2020 regarding Campylobacter spp., Clostridium perfringens, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Mycobacterium avium, and Salmonella spp. were retained and analysed. Research was mostly focused on Salmonella (n = 43 studies). In-feed and/or water treatments, and vaccination were the most tested interventions and were, overall, successful. However, the previously agreed criteria for this systematic review excluded other effective interventions to control Salmonella and other pathogens, like Yersinia enterocolitica, which is one of the most relevant biological hazards in pork. Examples of such successful interventions are the Specific Pathogen Free herd principle, stamping out and repopulating with disease-free animals. Research on other pathogens (i.e., Hepatitis E, Trichinella spiralis and Toxoplasma gondii) was scarce, with publications focusing on epidemiology, risk factors and/or observational studies. Overall, high herd health coupled with good management and biosecurity were effective to control or prevent most foodborne pathogens in pork at the pre-harvest level. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transmission and Ecology of Foodborne Pathogens)
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