Development of Innovative Sensor Platforms for Field Analysis

A special issue of Micromachines (ISSN 2072-666X). This special issue belongs to the section "B:Biology and Biomedicine".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 May 2020) | Viewed by 9720

Special Issue Editors

Omnics Research Group, Department of Mathematics and Physics "Ennio De Giorgi", University of Salento, Institute of Nanotechnology CNR-Nanotec, INFN Sezione di Lecce, Via per Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Interests: lab on chip; organ on chip; biosensors; diagnostics; drug screening
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Permanent Researcher at CNR NANOTEC – Insititute of Nanotechnology of Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Interests: lab on Chip; polymers; sensors; point-of-care; precision medicine
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Permanent Researcher at CNR NANOTEC – Insititute of Nanotechnology of Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Interests: lab on chip; microfluidics; cancer biology; point-of-care
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Omnics Research Group, University of Salento, Piazza Tancredi, 7, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Interests: biosensors; drug screening; lab-on-a-chip; spintronics and nanomagnetism; functional oxides
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The development of innovative and miniaturized sensor platforms for field use is of great importance. For example, in the field of environmental monitoring and sustainable growth, anthropogenic activities, as well as the diffusion of foreign pathogens, can today represent severe risks and, as a consequence, novel approaches for distributed data collection are necessary. Similarly, the biomedical sector requires active aging monitoring tools and near-to-bed solutions to fulfill the needs of long-term care facilities for elderly people.

Nowadays, several analyses are carried out in a traditional laboratory. In this respect, the availability of miniaturized sensor platforms for in-field analysis can reduce time and increase cost-effectiveness beyond enabling real-time surveillance and remote-sensing.

The aim of this Special Issue is to report on progress and new directions in the field:

  • Progress in miniaturized sensor platforms for field use and their performance/reliability assessment with respect to traditional laboratory approaches;
  • Development of high-tech analytical platforms based on the integration of cutting-edge sensors, innovative packaging technologies, and advanced electronic interfaces;
  • Use and integration of sensor technologies in wearable devices, distributed monitoring stations or with drones and autonomous vehicles.

We welcome both research or review papers regarding progress in sensors technologies and their integration with sample processing components, electronic interfaces, and/or in distributed monitoring networks or autonomous vehicles with applications from environmental monitoring to agro-food as well as the biomedical field.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Maruccio
Dr. Elisabetta Primiceri
Dr. Maria Serena Chiriacò
Dr. Anna Grazia Monteduro
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • sensors
  • miniaturization
  • field use
  • on-site monitoring
  • low-cost devices
  • sensor integration
  • micro-total analysis systems
  • lab-on-chip

Published Papers (3 papers)

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24 pages, 5125 KiB  
Article
Study of the Emergency Braking Test with an Autonomous Bus and the sEMG Neck Response by Means of a Low-Cost System
Micromachines 2020, 11(10), 931; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11100931 - 13 Oct 2020
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2327
Abstract
Nowadays, due to the advances and the increasing implementation of the autonomous braking systems in vehicles, the non-collision accident is expected to become more common than a crash when a sudden stop happens. The most common injury in this kind of accident is [...] Read more.
Nowadays, due to the advances and the increasing implementation of the autonomous braking systems in vehicles, the non-collision accident is expected to become more common than a crash when a sudden stop happens. The most common injury in this kind of accident is whiplash or cervical injury since the neck has high sensitivity to sharp deceleration. To date, biomechanical research has usually been developed inside laboratories and does not entirely represent real conditions (e.g., restraint systems or surroundings of the experiment). With the aim of knowing the possible neck effects and consequences of an automatic emergency braking inside an autonomous bus, a surface electromyography (sEMG) system built by low-cost elements and developed by us, in tandem with other devices, such as accelerometers or cameras, were used. Moreover, thanks to the collaboration of 18 participants, it was possible to study the non-collision effects in two different scenarios (braking test in which the passenger is seated and looking ahead while talking with somebody in front of him (BT1) and, a second braking test where the passenger used a smartphone (BT2) and nobody is seated in front of him talking to him). The aim was to assess the sEMG neck response in the most common situations when somebody uses some kind of transport in order to conclude which environments are riskier regarding a possible cervical injury. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development of Innovative Sensor Platforms for Field Analysis)
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12 pages, 7149 KiB  
Article
Experimental Flight Patterns Evaluation for a UAV-Based Air Pollutant Sensor
Micromachines 2020, 11(8), 768; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11080768 - 11 Aug 2020
Cited by 12 | Viewed by 3008
Abstract
The use of drones in combination with remote sensors have displayed increasing interest over the last years due to its potential to automate monitoring processes. In this study, a novel approach of a small flying e-nose is proposed by assembling a set of [...] Read more.
The use of drones in combination with remote sensors have displayed increasing interest over the last years due to its potential to automate monitoring processes. In this study, a novel approach of a small flying e-nose is proposed by assembling a set of AlphaSense electrochemical-sensors to a DJI Matrix 100 unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). The system was tested on an outdoor field with a source of NO2. Field tests were conducted in a 100 m2 area on two dates with different wind speed levels varying from low (0.0–2.9m/s) to high (2.1–5.3m/s), two flight patterns zigzag and spiral and at three altitudes (3, 6 and 9 m). The objective of this study is to evaluate the sensors responsiveness and performance when subject to distinct flying conditions. A Wilcoxon rank-sum test showed significant difference between flight patterns only under High Wind conditions, with Spiral flights being slightly superior than Zigzag. With the aim of contributing to other studies in the same field, the data used in this analysis will be shared with the scientific community. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development of Innovative Sensor Platforms for Field Analysis)
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19 pages, 1922 KiB  
Review
Advances in the Development of Innovative Sensor Platforms for Field Analysis
Micromachines 2020, 11(5), 491; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11050491 - 11 May 2020
Cited by 13 | Viewed by 3928
Abstract
Sustainable growth, environmental preservation, and improvement of life quality are strategic fields of worldwide interest and cornerstones of international policies. Humanity health and prosperity are closely related to our present choices on sustainable development. The main sources of pollution concern industry, including mining, [...] Read more.
Sustainable growth, environmental preservation, and improvement of life quality are strategic fields of worldwide interest and cornerstones of international policies. Humanity health and prosperity are closely related to our present choices on sustainable development. The main sources of pollution concern industry, including mining, chemical companies, and refineries, wastewater treatment; and consumers themselves. In order to guide and evaluate the effects of environmental policies, diffuse monitoring campaigns and detailed (big) data analyses are needed. In this respect, the development and availability of innovative sensor platforms for field analysis and remote sensing are of crucial relevance. In this review, we provide an overview of the area, analyzing the major needs, available technologies, novel approaches, and perspectives. Among environmental pollutants that threaten the biosphere, we focus on inorganic and organic contaminants, which affect air and water quality. We describe the technologies for their assessment in the environment and then draw some conclusions and mention future perspectives opened by the integration of sensing technologies with robotics and the Internet of Things. Without the ambition to be exhaustive in such a rapidly growing field, this review is intended as a support for researchers and stakeholders looking for current, state-of-the-art, and key enabling technologies for environmental monitoring. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development of Innovative Sensor Platforms for Field Analysis)
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