Special Issue "Recent Findings and Developments on Bainite in Advanced High-Strength Steels"

A special issue of Metals (ISSN 2075-4701). This special issue belongs to the section "Metal Casting, Forming and Heat Treatment".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 July 2024 | Viewed by 320

Special Issue Editors

Institute of Metal Forming, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, Bernhard-von-Cotta-Straße 4, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
Interests: ICME—Numerical material and process modeling for metallic materials; production processes (forming and heat treatment) for modern steels; development of alloy concepts and process technologies for the nanostructuring of structures as well as for the adjustment of metastable micro-structural phases; combination of experimental laboratory techniques with numerical simulation to model, evaluate and optimize industrial forming and heat treatment processes; forming technology
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Institute of Metal Forming, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, Bernhard-von-Cotta-Straße 4, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
Interests: metal forming technology; automation technology; artificial intelligence in material science; computational materials science; experimental materials science

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor Assistant
Institute of Metal Forming, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, Bernhard-von-Cotta-Straße 4, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
Interests: steel technology; metal forming technology; microstructure-properties correlation; bainitic microstructures; technology-microstructure interaction

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The growing attention and priority given to environmental sustainability has a tremendous impact on political, ecological and economic decisions. To reduce energy consumption in a world of high mobility, the automotive industry continuously demands lighter and stronger materials to design new lightweight concepts. Therefore, new steel grades with improved strength–ductility properties are in constant development. On the one hand, increased strength can be easily achieved by generating harder phases, but at the cost of reduced ductility. On the other hand, soft phases are known for improved formability. Thus, attaining extraordinary steels that possess both the properties mentioned above requires tailored microstructures characterized by either special transformation effects occurring in the right moment of application or a mixture of contributed phases. On the one hand, new medium-Mn TRIP/TWIP steels produced by C partitioning procedures are in the focus of research activity. On the other hand, bainite, often considered a single phase, is known to provide good toughness and high strength, promising high tensile strength–total elongation products (UTS x TE). Bainitic microstructures consisting of multiple constituents are the reason for these auspicious properties, and explain why the development of new advanced high-strength steels (AHSSs) has employed complex bainitic microstructures in recent years. However, the development of functional and structural materials with narrow technological production windows is always accompanied by the challenge of technical and economic feasibility. The broad spectrum of properties achieved with bainitic microstructures indicates a vast potential to generate specific high-strength steel grades. Therefore, this Special Issue focuses on the latest findings on bainite to understand the technology–microstructure–property relations in complex bainitic steels for lightweight design.

Prof. Dr. Ulrich Prahl
Dr. Grzegorz Korpala
Guest Editors

Mathias Zapf
Guest Editor Assistant

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Metals is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • AHSS (advanced high-strength steels)
  • bainite
  • bainitic microstructures and morphologies
  • complex phase steels
  • microstructure–property relation
  • material modelling
  • bainite technology

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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