Special Issue "Biomacromolecules in Algae: Metabolism, Regulation and Bioactivity"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2023 | Viewed by 281
Interests: brown algae; diatom; polysaccharide; genomes; molecular mechanims
Interests: microalgae; carotenoids; photosynthesis; stress response
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Algae, a diverse group of aquatic organisms that can conduct photosynthesis, have some certain features distinguishing them from land plants. They have complex evolutionary history, e.g., green and red algae belong to Archaeplastida, whereas brown algae and diatoms are important categories in Stramenopiles. They lack the differentiation of roots, stems, leaves, and a vascular system. They can be found in diversified terrestrial, freshwater, and seawater habitats. These certain features have enabled algae to possess many metabolic pathways and metabolites that are completely different from land plants. The increasing demand for algal biomass and their products is pushing algae to the research frontline in both scientific and industrial community.
Biomacromolecules from algae are an important manifestation of this particularity. They encompass bioactive compounds with complex composition, structure, biosynthesis, and bioactivity; for example, polysaccharides, proteins, polyunsaturated fatty acids and carotenoids et al. Many of these have been used as a raw material in the fields of food, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, causing significant scientific attention and great commercial value. Algal biomacromolecules metabolism encompasses various of biological pathways and play a crucial role in cell–cell adhesion and interaction, mechanical shear resistance, osmoregulation, photosynthetic reserve, etc. However, despite an increasing interest in biomacromolecules application, their enzyme-catalyzed biosynthesis and degradation and the underlying regulation mechanism in algae remain to be further elucidated. Moreover, the extensive application of algal biomacromolecules require innovations in engineering to gain economic competitiveness.
Therefore, in this Special Issue we aim to assemble a serial of articles with topics including (not exclusively):
- Biomacromolecules biosynthesis and degradation in algae;
- Photosynthesis and carbon fixation related to biomacromolecules;
- Biotechnology, bioactivity, and application studies of biomacromolecules;
- Multi-omics analysis concerning biosynthesis and regulation of biomacromolecules;
- Enzymological studies of algal biomacromolecules-related enzymes;
- Biotechnological engineering devoted to algal biomacromolecules extraction, production, and utilization.
Dr. Zhanru Shao
Dr. Wenhui Gu
Manuscript Submission Information
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- carbon fixation
- regulatory network
- extraction and utilization