Computational Models for the Simulation of Manufacturing Processes

A special issue of Mathematical and Computational Applications (ISSN 2297-8747).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 November 2022) | Viewed by 339

Special Issue Editor

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Traumatic brain injury is one of the main causes of death and disability. Road traffic accidents, sports, assaults, and accidents at work and recreational activities are the major sources. In order to better understand the mechanisms of TBI, numerical models of the human head have been developed. Since the late 1970s, FE head models have been evolving from simple, unrealistic geometries to models with detailed geometric descriptions of anatomical features, with complex constitutive modelling and numerical formulations being used. Complex and accurate modelling of the human head is possible because of the efficiency of today’s numerical methods as well as increasing CPU power.

These models are a powerful tool for brain injury analysis and prevention, safety gear optimization, accident analysis and reconstruction, forensic biomechanics, etc. These allow for an accurate computational-based prediction of brain injuries, by relating the results to medical investigations based on autopsies of corpses involved in real accidents. Numerical modelling and simulations have also been used for head-impact tests regarding standards and regulations (headforms, dummies, impact tests, etc.), as a form of optimization before real testing.

The aim of this Special Issue is to collect papers that present new contributions to the state of the art of numerical head models. This Special Issue is not limited to head models; contributions with head–neck systems are also welcome. We strongly encourage accurate geometrical and material modelling, with proper contact definitions and finite element formulations. Additionally, special attention should be given to models’ efficiency, stability, and convergence, avoiding typical problems such as element locking and hourglassing. Moreover, this Special Issue fosters the development of accurate numerical tools that can be applied to real-world scenarios such as accidents reconstructions and the optimization of safety gear. Therefore, we invite authors to submit contributions in the field of numerical modelling and simulation applied to safety standards and regulations, focusing on head impact.

Dr. Fábio Fernandes
Guest Editor

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Published Papers

There is no accepted submissions to this special issue at this moment.
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