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Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Advanced Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (10 January 2024) | Viewed by 61714

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Department of Chemistry, Thessaloniki, Greece
Interests: wet chemical synthesis and characterization of a variety of inorganic nanoscale materials for biomedical applications

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Guest Editor
Department of Botany, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
Interests: plant ecophysiology; biotic stress; abiotic stress; photosynthesis; antioxidative mechanisms; photoprotective mechanisms; mineral nutrition; ROS
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

During the past two decades, the remarkable progress in nanotechnology has extended the application of metal-based nanoparticles in the biomedical and agriculture sector. Metal-based nanoparticles have emerged as highly valuable either by themselves nor as functional building blocks, arguably being one of the most relevant recent achievements in materials science that have the potential to shape our near future. However, the application of such materials requires a directed design providing actuation and stability in a particularly complex environment, such as living organisms. Novel routes in biomedical and agricultural research and practice are expected in the near future.

Metal-based nanoparticles offer exclusive physicochemical features that are size-, shape-, and composition-dependent, while unique engineerable surface properties can give rise to farther functionalities. In that way, metal-based nanoparticles for biomedical applications continuously lead researchers to design novel tools and strategies for a variety of biomedical implements in therapeutics, diagnostics, and sensing. Moreover, in agriculture, they are used to reduce the amount of sprayed chemical products and diminish nutrient losses in fertilization by controlled release of agrochemicals (fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides), target-specific delivery of biomolecules, and increase yields through optimized water and nutrient management. A better understanding of the interactions between nanoparticles and plants, including their uptake, localization, and activity, could transform crop production through a better nutrient utilization, increased disease resistance, and crop yield with lower cost, energy, and waste.

In this Special Issue, we intend to incorporate the contributions from scientists working with metal-based nanoparticles that can be used (i) in biomedical applications such as hyperthermia therapy, drug delivery, imaging probes, biomedical sensors, and antibacterial applications and (ii) in agricultural applications as fertilizers to enhance plant growth and yield, nanosensors to optimize water and nutrient management, and pesticides/herbicides for pest and disease management to improve plant protection.

We would like to take this opportunity to invite contributions from experts in the field who are encouraged to submit both original research papers, as well as review/mini review articles, from basic aspects and future directions in the field.

Prof. Catherine Dendrinou-Samara
Prof. Michael Moustakas
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • Metal oxide nanoparticles
  • Noble metal nanoparticles
  • Bimetallic nanoparticles
  • Heteronanostuctures
  • Core–shell nanoparticles
  • Magnetic nanoparticles
  • Biomedical applications
  • Agricultural applications
  • Nanoagrochemicals

Published Papers (25 papers)

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15 pages, 2413 KiB  
Article
Impact of Coated Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles on Photosystem II of Tomato Plants
by Panagiota Tryfon, Ilektra Sperdouli, Ioannis-Dimosthenis S. Adamakis, Stefanos Mourdikoudis, Michael Moustakas and Catherine Dendrinou-Samara
Materials 2023, 16(17), 5846; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16175846 - 26 Aug 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1134
Abstract
Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) have emerged as a prominent tool in agriculture. Since photosynthetic function is a significant measurement of phytotoxicity and an assessment tool prior to large-scale agricultural applications, the impact of engineered irregular-shaped ZnO NPs coated with oleylamine (ZnO@OAm NPs) [...] Read more.
Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) have emerged as a prominent tool in agriculture. Since photosynthetic function is a significant measurement of phytotoxicity and an assessment tool prior to large-scale agricultural applications, the impact of engineered irregular-shaped ZnO NPs coated with oleylamine (ZnO@OAm NPs) were tested. The ZnO@OAm NPs (crystalline size 19 nm) were solvothermally prepared in the sole presence of oleylamine (OAm) and evaluated on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) photosystem II (PSII) photochemistry. Foliar-sprayed 15 mg L−1 ZnO@OAm NPs on tomato leaflets increased chlorophyll content that initiated a higher amount of light energy capture, which resulted in about a 20% increased electron transport rate (ETR) and a quantum yield of PSII photochemistry (ΦPSII) at the growth light (GL, 600 μmol photons m−2 s−1). However, the ZnO@OAm NPs caused a malfunction in the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) of PSII, which resulted in photoinhibition and increased ROS accumulation. The ROS accumulation was due to the decreased photoprotective mechanism of non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) and to the donor-side photoinhibition. Despite ROS accumulation, ZnO@OAm NPs decreased the excess excitation energy of the PSII, indicating improved PSII efficiency. Therefore, synthesized ZnO@OAm NPs can potentially be used as photosynthetic biostimulants for enhancing crop yields after being tested on other plant species. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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16 pages, 5111 KiB  
Article
Synthesis and Catalytic Study of NiAg Bimetallic Core–Shell Nanoparticles
by Konrad Wojtaszek, Filip Cebula, Bogdan Rutkowski, Magdalena Wytrwal, Edit Csapó and Marek Wojnicki
Materials 2023, 16(2), 659; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16020659 - 10 Jan 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2122
Abstract
This publication presents the synthesis of core–shell nanoparticles, where the core was Ni, and the shell was a Ag–Ni nano alloy. The synthesis was based on the reduction of Ni and Ag ions with sodium borohydride in the presence of trisodium citrate as [...] Read more.
This publication presents the synthesis of core–shell nanoparticles, where the core was Ni, and the shell was a Ag–Ni nano alloy. The synthesis was based on the reduction of Ni and Ag ions with sodium borohydride in the presence of trisodium citrate as a stabilizer. In order to determine the phase composition of the obtained nanoparticles, an XRD study was performed, and in order to identify the oxidation states of the nanoparticle components, an XPS spectroscopic study was performed. The composition and shape of the particles were determined using the HR-TEM EDS test. The obtained nanoparticles had a size of 11 nm. The research on catalytic properties was carried out in the model methylene blue reduction system. The investigation of the catalytic activity of colloids was carried out with the use of UV–Vis spectrophotometry. The Ag–Ni alloy was about ten times more active than were pure silver nanoparticles of a similar size. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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16 pages, 2934 KiB  
Article
Tailoring of the Distribution of SERS-Active Silver Nanoparticles by Post-Deposition Low-Energy Ion Beam Irradiation
by Oleg Streletskiy, Ilya Zavidovskiy, Dmitry Yakubovsky, Natalia Doroshina, Alexander Syuy, Yury Lebedinskij, Andrey Markeev, Aleksey Arsenin, Valentyn Volkov and Sergey Novikov
Materials 2022, 15(21), 7721; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15217721 - 2 Nov 2022
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 1586
Abstract
The possibility of controlled scalable nanostructuring of surfaces by the formation of the plasmonic nanoparticles is very important for the development of sensors, solar cells, etc. In this work, the formation of the ensembles of silver nanoparticles on silicon and glass substrates by [...] Read more.
The possibility of controlled scalable nanostructuring of surfaces by the formation of the plasmonic nanoparticles is very important for the development of sensors, solar cells, etc. In this work, the formation of the ensembles of silver nanoparticles on silicon and glass substrates by the magnetron deposition technique and the subsequent low-energy Ar+ ion irradiation was studied. The possibility of controlling the sizes, shapes and aerial density of the nanoparticles by the variation of the deposition and irradiation parameters was systematically investigated. Scanning electron microscopy studies of the samples deposited and irradiated in different conditions allowed for analysis of the morphological features of the nanoparticles and the distribution of their sizes and allowed for determination of the optimal parameters for the formation of the plasmonic-active structures. Additionally, the plasmonic properties of the resulting nanoparticles were characterized by means of linear spectroscopy and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Hereby, in this work, we demonstrate the possibility of the fabrication of silver nanoparticles with a widely varied range of average sizes and aerial density by means of a post-deposition ion irradiation technique to form nanostructured surfaces which can be applied in sensing technologies and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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18 pages, 5814 KiB  
Article
The Impact of Co Doping and Annealing Temperature on the Electrochemical Performance and Structural Characteristics of SnO2 Nanoparticulate Photoanodes
by Abeer S. Altowyan, Mohamed Shaban, Khaled Abdelkarem and Adel M. El Sayed
Materials 2022, 15(19), 6534; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15196534 - 21 Sep 2022
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 1574
Abstract
Obtaining H2 energy from H2O using the most abundant solar radiation is an outstanding approach to zero pollution. This work focuses on studying the effect of Co doping and calcination on the structure, morphology, and optical properties of spin-coated SnO [...] Read more.
Obtaining H2 energy from H2O using the most abundant solar radiation is an outstanding approach to zero pollution. This work focuses on studying the effect of Co doping and calcination on the structure, morphology, and optical properties of spin-coated SnO2 films as well as their photoelectrochemical (PEC) efficiency. The structures and morphologies of the films were investigated by XRD, AFM, and Raman spectra. The results confirmed the preparation of SnO2 of the rutile phase, with crystallite sizes in the range of 18.4–29.2 nm. AFM showed the granular structure and smooth surfaces having limited roughness. UV-Vis spectroscopy showed that the absorption spectra depend on the calcination temperature and the Co content, and the films have optical bandgap (Eg) in the range of 3.67–3.93 eV. The prepared samples were applied for the PEC hydrogen generation after optimizing the sample doping ratio, using electrolyte (HCl, Na2SO4, NaOH), electrode reusability, applied temperature, and monochromatic illumination. Additionally, the electrode stability, thermodynamic parameters, conversion efficiency, number of hydrogen moles, and PEC impedance were evaluated and discussed, while the SnO2 films were used as working electrodes and platinum sheet as an auxiliary or counter electrode (2-electrode system) and both were dipped in the electrolyte. The highest photocurrent (21.25 mA/cm2), number of hydrogen moles (20.4 mmol/h.cm2), incident photon-to-current change efficiency (6.892%@307 nm and +1 V), and the absorbed photon-to-current conversion efficiency (4.61% at ~500 nm and +1 V) were recorded for the 2.5% Co-doped SnO2 photoanode that annealed at 673 K. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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12 pages, 3468 KiB  
Article
Delafloxacin-Capped Gold Nanoparticles (DFX-AuNPs): An Effective Antibacterial Nano-Formulation of Fluoroquinolone Antibiotic
by Amr Selim Abu Lila, Bader Huwaimel, Ahmed Alobaida, Talib Hussain, Zeeshan Rafi, Khalid Mehmood, Marwa H. Abdallah, Turki Al Hagbani, Syed Mohd Danish Rizvi, Afrasim Moin and Abobakr F. Ahmed
Materials 2022, 15(16), 5709; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15165709 - 18 Aug 2022
Cited by 17 | Viewed by 2851
Abstract
New antibiotics are seen as ‘drugs of last resort’ against virulent bacteria. However, development of resistance towards new antibiotics with time is a universal fact. Delafloxacin (DFX) is a new fluoroquinolone antibiotic that differs from existing fluoroquinolones by the lack of a protonatable [...] Read more.
New antibiotics are seen as ‘drugs of last resort’ against virulent bacteria. However, development of resistance towards new antibiotics with time is a universal fact. Delafloxacin (DFX) is a new fluoroquinolone antibiotic that differs from existing fluoroquinolones by the lack of a protonatable substituent, which gives the molecule a weakly acidic nature, affording it higher antibacterial activity under an acidic environment. Furthermore, antibiotic-functionalized metallic nanoparticles have been recently emerged as a feasible platform for conquering bacterial resistance. In the present study, therefore, we aimed at preparing DFX-gold nano-formulations to increase the antibacterial potential of DFX. To synthesize DFX-capped gold nanoparticles (DFX-AuNPs), DFX was used as a reducing and stabilizing/encapsulating agent. Various analytical techniques such as UV-visible spectroscopy, TEM, DLS, FTIR and zeta potential analysis were applied to determine the properties of the synthesized DFX-AuNPs. The synthesized DFX-AuNPs revealed a distinct surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band at 530 nm and an average size of 16 nm as manifested by TEM analysis. In addition, Zeta potential results (−19 mV) confirmed the stability of the synthesized DFX-AuNPs. Furthermore, FTIR analysis demonstrated that DFX was adsorbed onto the surface of AuNPs via strong interaction between AuNPs and DFX. Most importantly, comparative antibacterial analysis of DFX alone and DFX-AuNPs against Gram-negative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis) verified the superior antibacterial activity of DFX-AuNPs against the tested microorganisms. To sum up, DFX gold nano-formulations can offer a promising possible solution, even at a lower antibiotic dose, to combat pathogenic bacteria. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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15 pages, 1459 KiB  
Article
Toxicological Evaluation of Silver Nanoparticles Synthesized with Peel Extract of Stenocereus queretaroensis
by Eduardo Padilla-Camberos, Karen J. Juárez-Navarro, Ivan Moises Sanchez-Hernandez, Omar Ricardo Torres-Gonzalez and Jose Miguel Flores-Fernandez
Materials 2022, 15(16), 5700; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15165700 - 18 Aug 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 1460
Abstract
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized with plants are widely used in different industries, such as the medical, industrial, and food industries; however, their hazards and risks remain unclear. Here, we aimed to evaluate the toxicological effects of AgNPs in both in vitro and in [...] Read more.
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized with plants are widely used in different industries, such as the medical, industrial, and food industries; however, their hazards and risks remain unclear. Here, we aimed to evaluate the toxicological effects of AgNPs in both in vitro and in vivo models. Previously, we developed and characterized green synthesized AgNPs based on Stenocereus queretaroensis (S. queretaroensis). The present study evaluates the toxicity of these AgNPs through cytotoxicity and mutagenicity tests in vitro, as well as genotoxicity tests, including the evaluation of acute oral, dermal, and inhalation toxicity, along with dermal and ocular irritation, in vivo, according to guidelines of The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). We evaluated cell cytotoxicity in L929 cells, and the half-maximal inhibitory concentration was 134.76 µg/mL. AgNPs did not cause genotoxic or mutagenic effects. Furthermore, in vivo oral, dermal, and acute inhalation toxicity results did not show any adverse effects or mortality in the test animals, and after the dermal and ocular irritation assessments, the in vivo models did not exhibit irritation or corrosion. Therefore, the results show that these previously synthesized S. queretaroensis AgNPs do not represent a risk at the tested concentrations; however, little is known about the effects that AgNPs induce on physiological systems or the possible risk following long-term exposure. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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20 pages, 3692 KiB  
Article
Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Populi gemmae Extract: Preparation, Physicochemical Characterization, Antimicrobial Potential and In Vitro Antiproliferative Assessment
by Brigitta Kis, Elena-Alina Moacă, Lucian Barbu Tudoran, Delia Muntean, Ioana Zinuca Magyari-Pavel, Daliana Ionela Minda, Adelina Lombrea, Zorita Diaconeasa, Cristina Adriana Dehelean, Ștefania Dinu and Corina Danciu
Materials 2022, 15(14), 5006; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15145006 - 19 Jul 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2304
Abstract
Green route is an economic, facile and eco-friendly method, employed for the synthesis of various types of nanoparticles, having it as a starting point biological entity, especially as a plant extract. The present study aims to obtain silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) starting from an [...] Read more.
Green route is an economic, facile and eco-friendly method, employed for the synthesis of various types of nanoparticles, having it as a starting point biological entity, especially as a plant extract. The present study aims to obtain silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) starting from an ethanolic extract of Populi gemmae (Pg), by adjusting the reaction parameters. The morphological and structural characterization exhibited that both the reaction temperature and the concentration of metal salt, contributes to the obtaining of Pg-AgNPs with adjustable size and shape. The newly synthesized nanoparticles exhibited a good antibacterial activity on Gram-positive bacteria as well as antifungal activity. The in vitro antiproliferative activity of Pg-AgNPs was assessed on two different cancer cell lines (breast cancer cells—MCF7 and lung carcinoma epithelial cells—A549). Results have shown that the green-synthetized Pg-AgNPs_S2 (obtained at 60 °C, using AgNO3 of 5 M) induced a substantial decrease in tumor cell viability in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 ranging from 5.03 to 5.07 µg/mL on A549 cell line and 3.24 to 4.93 µg/mL on MCF7 cell line. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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16 pages, 4637 KiB  
Article
Electrochemically Pretreated Sensor Based on Screen-Printed Carbon Modified with Pb Nanoparticles for Determination of Testosterone
by Jędrzej Kozak, Katarzyna Tyszczuk-Rotko, Magdalena Wójciak, Ireneusz Sowa and Marek Rotko
Materials 2022, 15(14), 4948; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15144948 - 15 Jul 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 1747
Abstract
Testosterone (TST), despite its good properties, may be harmful to the human organism and the environment. Therefore, monitoring biological fluids and environmental samples is important. An electrochemically pretreated screen-printed carbon sensor modified with Pb nanoparticles (pSPCE/PbNPs) was successfully prepared and used for the [...] Read more.
Testosterone (TST), despite its good properties, may be harmful to the human organism and the environment. Therefore, monitoring biological fluids and environmental samples is important. An electrochemically pretreated screen-printed carbon sensor modified with Pb nanoparticles (pSPCE/PbNPs) was successfully prepared and used for the determination of TST. The surface morphology and electrochemical properties of unmodified and modified sensors were characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Selective determinations of TST at the pSPCE/PbNPs were carried out by differential pulse adsorptive stripping voltammetry (DPAdSV, EPb dep.and TST acc. of −1.1 V, t Pb dep.and TST acc. of 120 s, ΔEA of 50 mV, ν of 175 mV s−1, and tm of 5 ms) in a solution containing 0.075 mol L−1 acetate buffer of pH = 4.6 ± 0.1, and 7.5 × 10−5 mol L−1 Pb(NO3)2. The analytical signal obtained at the potential around −1.42 V (vs. silver pseudo-reference electrode) is related to the reduction process of TST adsorbed onto the electrode surface. The use of pSPCE/PbNPs allows obtaining a very low limit of TST detection (2.2 × 10−12 mol L−1) and wide linear ranges of the calibration graph (1.0 × 10−11–1.0 × 10−10, 1.0 × 10−10–2.0 × 10−9, and 2.0 × 10−9–2.0 × 10−8 mol L−1). The pSPCE/PbNPs were successfully applied for the determination of TST in reference material of human urine and wastewater purified in a sewage treatment plant without preliminary preparation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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14 pages, 3111 KiB  
Article
Investigation of Cytotoxicity of Biosynthesized Colloidal Nanosilver against Local Leishmania tropica: In Vitro Study
by Raghad Zein, Ibrahim Alghoraibi, Chadi Soukkarieh and Abdalrahim Alahmad
Materials 2022, 15(14), 4880; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15144880 - 13 Jul 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1646
Abstract
Leishmaniasis is one of the biggest health problems in the world. Traditional therapeutic methods still depend on a small range of products, mostly chemically. However, the treatment with these drugs is expensive and can cause serious adverse effects, and they have inconsistent effectiveness [...] Read more.
Leishmaniasis is one of the biggest health problems in the world. Traditional therapeutic methods still depend on a small range of products, mostly chemically. However, the treatment with these drugs is expensive and can cause serious adverse effects, and they have inconsistent effectiveness due to the resistance of parasites to these drugs. The treatment of leishmanial disease has always been a challenge for researchers. The development of nanoscale metals such as silver has attracted significant attention in the field of medicine. The unique characteristic features of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) make them effective antileishmanial agents. In recent years, green nanotechnology has provided the development of green nanoparticle-based treatment methods for Leishmaniasis. Although there are many studies based on green nanoparticles against Leishmania parasites, this is the first study on the antileishmanial effect of biosynthesized AgNPs using an aqueous extract of Eucalyptus camaldulensis leaves (AEECL) as a reducing agent of silver ions. Different parameters such as AgNO3 concentration, AEECL concentration, and reaction time were studied to investigate the optimum factors for the preparation of stable and small-sized silver nanoparticles. The spherical shape of colloidal nanosilver (CN-Ag) was confirmed by atomic force microscope (AFM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) images with sizes of 27 and 12 nm, respectively. A high density of nanoparticles with a small size of 10 nm has been confirmed from dynamic light scattering (DLS) analysis. The zeta potential value of 23 mV indicated that colloidal silver nanoparticles were stable. The nano-tracker analysis (NTA) showed the Brownian motion of silver nanoparticles with a hydrodynamic diameter of 31 nm. The antioxidant property of CN-Ag was determined using the stable radical 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay. In this study, a significant cytotoxic effect of biosynthesized CN-Ag has been shown against Leishmania tropica parasites at low concentrations (1.25, 2.5, and 3.75 µg/mL). These results could be used as a future alternative drug or could be a supportive treatment for Leishmaniasis. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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15 pages, 5504 KiB  
Article
Assessment of the Impacts of Green Synthesized Silver Nanoparticles on Maerua oblongifolia Shoots under In Vitro Salt Stress
by Hassan O. Shaikhaldein, Fahad Al-Qurainy, Mohammad Nadeem, Salim Khan, Mohamed Tarroum, Abdalrhaman M. Salih, Saleh Alansi, Abdulrahman Al-Hashimi, Alanoud Alfagham and Jawaher Alkahtani
Materials 2022, 15(14), 4784; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15144784 - 8 Jul 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 1806
Abstract
Salinity is one of the major abiotic stresses that affect the plant’s growth and development. Recently, the contribution of nanoparticles (NPs) to ameliorating salinity stresses has become the new field of interest for scientists due to their special physiochemical properties in the biological [...] Read more.
Salinity is one of the major abiotic stresses that affect the plant’s growth and development. Recently, the contribution of nanoparticles (NPs) to ameliorating salinity stresses has become the new field of interest for scientists due to their special physiochemical properties in the biological system. This study is designed to examine the effects of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) spherical in shape (size range between 9 and 30 nm) on morphophysiological characteristics and the antioxidant defense system of in vitro raised Maerua oblongifolia under four levels of salt stress (0, 50, 100, and 200 mM NaCl). Our findings reveal that the application of AgNPs (0, 10, 20, and 30 mg/L) to M. oblongifolia shoots significantly alleviates the adverse effects of salt stress and ameliorates plant developmental-related parameters and defense systems. High salinity elevates the oxidative damage by over-accumulation of the levels of total soluble sugars, proline, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and malondialdehyde (MDA). In addition, enhancing the activity of the antioxidant enzymes, total phenolic, and flavonoid content over the control. Interestingly, the application of AgNPs to salinized plants improved the growth traits and photosynthetic pigment production and caused higher enhancement in antioxidant enzyme activities. Furthermore, mitigating the oxidative damage by lowering the accumulation of proline, soluble sugars, H2O2, MDA, and total phenolic and flavonoid contents in salt-stressed plants. In general, AgNPs augmented the growth of M. oblongifolia shoots under saline conditions through different strategies; thus, AgNPs can be used as an appropriate eco-friendly approach that enhances salinity tolerance in plants. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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12 pages, 2910 KiB  
Article
Electrochemical Self-Assembled Gold Nanoparticle SERS Substrate Coupled with Diazotization for Sensitive Detection of Nitrite
by En Han, Maoni Zhang, Yingying Pan and Jianrong Cai
Materials 2022, 15(8), 2809; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15082809 - 11 Apr 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2246
Abstract
The accurate determination of nitrite in food samples is of great significance for ensuring people’s health and safety. Herein, a rapid and low-cost detection method was developed for highly sensitive and selective detection of nitrite based on a surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) sensor [...] Read more.
The accurate determination of nitrite in food samples is of great significance for ensuring people’s health and safety. Herein, a rapid and low-cost detection method was developed for highly sensitive and selective detection of nitrite based on a surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) sensor combined with electrochemical technology and diazo reaction. In this work, a gold nanoparticle (AuNP)/indium tin oxide (ITO) chip as a superior SERS substrate was obtained by electrochemical self-assembled AuNPs on ITO with the advantages of good uniformity, high reproducibility, and long-time stability. The azo compounds generated from the diazotization-coupling reaction between nitrite, 4-aminothiophenol (4-ATP), and N-(1-naphthyl) ethylenediamine dihydrochloride (NED) in acid condition were further assembled on the surface of AuNP/ITO. The detection of nitrite was realized using a portable Raman spectrometer based on the significant SERS enhancement of azo compounds assembled on the AuNP/ITO chip. Many experimental conditions were optimized such as the time of electrochemical self-assembly and the concentration of HAuCl4. Under the optimal conditions, the designed SERS sensor could detect nitride in a large linear range from 1.0 × 10−6 to 1.0 × 10−3 mol L−1 with a low limit of detection of 0.33 μmol L−1. Additionally, nitrite in real samples was further analyzed with a recovery of 95.1−109.7%. Therefore, the proposed SERS method has shown potential application in the detection of nitrite in complex food samples. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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20 pages, 8270 KiB  
Article
Development and Characterization of PA 450 and PA 3282 Epoxy Coatings as Anti-Corrosion Materials for Offshore Applications
by Mohammad Asif Alam, Ubair Abdus Samad, Asiful Seikh, Jabair Ali Mohammed, Saeed M. Al-Zahrani and El-Sayed M. Sherif
Materials 2022, 15(7), 2562; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15072562 - 31 Mar 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 1855
Abstract
The optimization of two different types of hardeners, namely polyaminoamine adduct (Aradur 450 BD) and polyamidoamine adduct (Aradur 3282 BD), with diglycidyle ether of bisphenol-A (DGEBA) epoxy resin was carried out. Three different stoichiometries of PA 450 to the epoxy resin to fabricate [...] Read more.
The optimization of two different types of hardeners, namely polyaminoamine adduct (Aradur 450 BD) and polyamidoamine adduct (Aradur 3282 BD), with diglycidyle ether of bisphenol-A (DGEBA) epoxy resin was carried out. Three different stoichiometries of PA 450 to the epoxy resin to fabricate E-0, E-1, and E-2 coating samples and the other three of PA 3282 to the epoxy resin to fabricate F-0, F-1, and F-2 coating samples were coated on mild steel panels. All coated samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), and nanoindentation techniques. The electrochemical corrosion behavior of the fabricated coatings was investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) after various exposures in the climatic conditions in 3.5% NaCl solutions. It was found that the coatings possess almost identical thermal and mechanical properties. Moreover, the E-1 coating shows better corrosion resistance compared to E-0 and E-2 coatings. On the other hand, the F-1 coating was the most effective in significantly improving corrosion resistance. Overall, the addition of PA 450 and PA 3282 to some stoichiometries improves the corrosion resistance of the fabricated coatings. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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23 pages, 7217 KiB  
Article
Effect of Heat Treatment on Tensile Properties and Microstructure of Co-Free, Low Ni-10 Mo-1.2 Ti Maraging Steel
by Hossam Halfa, Asiful H. Seikh and Mahmoud S. Soliman
Materials 2022, 15(6), 2136; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15062136 - 14 Mar 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2493
Abstract
Production of high-quality maraging steel is dependent not only on the production technology but also on the alloying design and heat treatment. In this work, cobalt-free, low nickel, molybdenum-containing maraging steel was produced by melting the raw materials in a vacuum induction melting [...] Read more.
Production of high-quality maraging steel is dependent not only on the production technology but also on the alloying design and heat treatment. In this work, cobalt-free, low nickel, molybdenum-containing maraging steel was produced by melting the raw materials in a vacuum induction melting furnace and then refining with a shielding gas electroslag remelting unit. The critical transformation temperatures of the investigated steel samples were determined experimentally by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis and theoretically aiding Thermo-Calc software. Types and chemical composition plus volume fraction and starting precipitation temperature of suggested constituents calculated with the aid of Thermo-Calc software. The microstructures of forged steel specimens that were heat-treated under several conditions were evaluated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), optical microscopy (OP), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and electron backscattering (EBSD), in addition to transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The mechanical properties of the investigated steel specimens were evaluated by measuring the tensile strength properties and micro-hardness, furthermore, estimating their fracture surface using scanning electron microscopy at lower magnification. The metallographic results show that the microstructure of steel in aged conditions includes high-alloyed martensite and nickel-rich phase, in addition to the low-alloyed-retained-austenite, intermetallic compounds, and lavas-phase (MoCr). Furthermore, TEM and EBSD studies emphasized that the produced steel has high dislocation density with nano-sized precipitate with an average size of ~19 ± 1 nm. Moreover, the metallographic results show that the mentioned microstructure enhances the tensile properties by precipitation strengthening and the TRIP phenomenon. The tensile strength results show that the n-value of investigated steel passes two stages and is comparable with the n-value of TRIP-steel. Steel characterized by 2100 MPa ultimate tensile strength and uniform elongation of more than 7% can be produced by the investigated production routine and optimum heat treatment conditions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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13 pages, 2689 KiB  
Article
The Effect of Polyhydroxy Fullerene Derivative on Human Myeloid Leukemia K562 Cells
by Wei Guo, Xing Liu, Lianjie Ye, Jie Liu, Kollie Larwubah, Ge Meng, Weiqiang Shen, Xiangxian Ying, Jun Zhu, Shengjie Yang, Jianjun Guo, Yanrong Jia and Meilan Yu
Materials 2022, 15(4), 1349; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15041349 - 11 Feb 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2082
Abstract
The use of nanomedicines for cancer treatment has been widespread. Fullerenes have significant effects in the treatment of solid tumors. Here, we are going to study the effects of hydroxylated fullerene C60(OH)n(n = 18–22) treatment on chronic myeloid leukemia [...] Read more.
The use of nanomedicines for cancer treatment has been widespread. Fullerenes have significant effects in the treatment of solid tumors. Here, we are going to study the effects of hydroxylated fullerene C60(OH)n(n = 18–22) treatment on chronic myeloid leukemia cell proliferation and investigate its toxicity. The results showed that hydroxylated fullerene C60(OH)n (n = 18–22) at low concentrations (less than 120 μM) not only had apparent toxic side effects, but also promoted the growth of K562 cells, while a high concentration of C60(OH)n had different degrees of inhibition on K562 cells. When the concentration is higher than 160 μM, the K562 cells showed morphological changes, the mitochondrial membrane potential decreased, the cell cycle was blocked in the stage of G2-phase, and cell apoptosis occurred, which may cause apoptosis, autophagy, and a variety of other damage leading to cell death. Meanwhile, it also indicated that its inhibition of solid tumors might be related to the tumor microenvironment; we verified the safety of fullerene without apparent cellular toxicity at a specific concentration. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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14 pages, 2373 KiB  
Article
Enhancement of Vancomycin Potential against Pathogenic Bacterial Strains via Gold Nano-Formulations: A Nano-Antibiotic Approach
by Turki Al Hagbani, Hemant Yadav, Afrasim Moin, Amr Selim Abu Lila, Khalid Mehmood, Farhan Alshammari, Salman Khan, El-Sayed Khafagy, Talib Hussain, Syed Mohd Danish Rizvi and Marwa H. Abdallah
Materials 2022, 15(3), 1108; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15031108 - 31 Jan 2022
Cited by 19 | Viewed by 3297
Abstract
The remarkable rise of antibiotic resistance among pathogenic bacteria poses a significant threat to human health. Nanoparticles (NPs) have recently emerged as novel strategies for conquering fatal bacterial diseases. Furthermore, antibiotic-functionalized metallic NPs represent a viable nano-platform for combating bacterial resistance. In this [...] Read more.
The remarkable rise of antibiotic resistance among pathogenic bacteria poses a significant threat to human health. Nanoparticles (NPs) have recently emerged as novel strategies for conquering fatal bacterial diseases. Furthermore, antibiotic-functionalized metallic NPs represent a viable nano-platform for combating bacterial resistance. In this study, we present the use of vancomycin-functionalized gold nanoparticles (V-GNPs) to battle pathogenic bacterial strains. A facile one-pot method was adopted to synthesize vancomycin-loaded GNPs in which the reducing properties of vancomycin were exploited to produce V-GNPs from gold ions. UV–Visible spectroscopy verified the production of V-GNPs via the existence of a surface plasmon resonance peak at 524 nm, whereas transmission electron microscopy depicted a size of ~24 nm. Further, dynamic light scattering (DLS) estimated the hydrodynamic diameter as 77 nm. The stability of V-GNPs was investigated using zeta-potential measurements, and the zeta potential of V-GNPs was found to be −18 mV. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy confirmed the efficient loading of vancomycin onto GNP surfaces; however, the loading efficiency of vancomycin onto V-GNPs was 86.2%. Finally, in vitro antibacterial studies revealed that V-GNPs were much more effective, even at lower concentrations, than pure vancomycin. The observed antibacterial activities of V-GNPs were 1.4-, 1.6-, 1.8-, and 1.6-fold higher against Gram-negative Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus, respectively, compared to pure vancomycin. Collectively, V-GNPs represented a more viable alternative to pure vancomycin, even at a lower antibiotic dose, in conquering pathogenic bacteria. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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18 pages, 3857 KiB  
Article
CuZn and ZnO Nanoflowers as Nano-Fungicides against Botrytis cinerea and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum: Phytoprotection, Translocation, and Impact after Foliar Application
by Panagiota Tryfon, Nathalie N. Kamou, Stefanos Mourdikoudis, Katerina Karamanoli, Urania Menkissoglu-Spiroudi and Catherine Dendrinou-Samara
Materials 2021, 14(24), 7600; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14247600 - 10 Dec 2021
Cited by 26 | Viewed by 2724
Abstract
Inorganic nanoparticles (INPs) have dynamically emerged in plant protection. The uptake of INPs by plants mostly depends on the size, chemical composition, morphology, and the type of coating on their surface. Herein, hybrid ensembles of glycol-coated bimetallic CuZn and ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) have [...] Read more.
Inorganic nanoparticles (INPs) have dynamically emerged in plant protection. The uptake of INPs by plants mostly depends on the size, chemical composition, morphology, and the type of coating on their surface. Herein, hybrid ensembles of glycol-coated bimetallic CuZn and ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) have been solvothermally synthesized in the presence of DEG and PEG, physicochemically characterized, and tested as nano-fungicides. Particularly, nanoflowers (NFs) of CuZn@DEG and ZnO@PEG have been isolated with crystallite sizes 40 and 15 nm, respectively. Organic coating DEG and PEG (23% and 63%, respectively) was found to protect the NFs formation effectively. The CuZn@DEG and ZnO@PEG NFs revealed a growth inhibition of phytopathogenic fungi Botrytis cinerea and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in a dose-dependent manner with CuZn@DEG NFs being more efficient against both fungi with EC50 values of 418 and 311 μg/mL respectively. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) plants inoculated with S. sclerotiorum were treated with the NFs, and their antifungal effect was evaluated based on a disease index. Plants sprayed with ZnO@PEG NFs showed a relatively higher net photosynthetic (4.70 μmol CO2 m−2s−1) and quantum yield rate (0.72) than with CuZn@DEG NFs (3.00 μmol CO2 m−2s−1 and 0.68). Furthermore, the penetration of Alizarin Red S-labeled NFs in plants was investigated. The translocation from leaves to roots through the stem was evident, while ZnO@PEG NFs were mainly trapped on the leaves. In all cases, no phytotoxicity was observed in the lettuce plants after treatment with the NFs. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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16 pages, 4110 KiB  
Article
Batch Reactor vs. Microreactor System for Efficient AuNP Deposition on Activated Carbon Fibers
by Magdalena Luty-Błocho, Marek Wojnicki, Tomasz Tokarski, Volker Hessel and Krzysztof Fitzner
Materials 2021, 14(21), 6598; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14216598 - 2 Nov 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1478
Abstract
The process of noble metals ions recovery and the removal small fraction of nanoparticles from waste solution is an urgent topic not only from the economic but also ecology point of view. In this paper, the use of activated carbon fibers (ACF) as [...] Read more.
The process of noble metals ions recovery and the removal small fraction of nanoparticles from waste solution is an urgent topic not only from the economic but also ecology point of view. In this paper, the use of activated carbon fibers (ACF) as a “trap” for gold nanoparticles obtained by a chemical reduction method is described. The synthesized nanoparticles were stabilized either electrostatically or electrosterically and then deposited on carbon fibers or activated carbon fibers. Moreover, the deposition of metal on fibers was carried out in a batch reactor and a microreactor system. It is shown, that process carried out in the microreactor system is more efficient (95%) as compared to the batch reactor and allows for effective gold nanoparticles removal from the solution. Moreover, for similar conditions, the adsorption time of the AuNPs on ACF is shortened from 11 days for the process carried out in the batch reactor to 2.5 min in the microreactor system. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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14 pages, 6494 KiB  
Article
Synthesis of Magnetite Nanoparticles through a Lab-On-Chip Device
by Cristina Chircov, Alexandra Cătălina Bîrcă, Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu, Bogdan Stefan Vasile, Ovidiu Oprea, Adrian Ionuț Nicoară, Chih-Hui Yang, Keng-Shiang Huang and Ecaterina Andronescu
Materials 2021, 14(19), 5906; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14195906 - 8 Oct 2021
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 2278
Abstract
Magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) represent one of the most intensively studied types of iron oxide nanoparticles in various fields, including biomedicine, pharmaceutics, bioengineering, and industry. Since their properties in terms of size, shape, and surface charge significantly affects their efficiency towards the envisaged application, [...] Read more.
Magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) represent one of the most intensively studied types of iron oxide nanoparticles in various fields, including biomedicine, pharmaceutics, bioengineering, and industry. Since their properties in terms of size, shape, and surface charge significantly affects their efficiency towards the envisaged application, it is fundamentally important to develop a new synthesis route that allows for the control and modulation of the nanoparticle features. In this context, the aim of the present study was to develop a new method for the synthesis of MNPs. Specifically, a microfluidic lab-on-chip (LoC) device was used to obtain MNPs with controlled properties. The study investigated the influence of iron precursor solution concentration and flowed onto the final properties of the nanomaterials. The synthesized MNPs were characterized in terms of size, morphology, structure, composition, and stability. Results proved the formation of magnetite as a single mineral phase. Moreover, the uniform spherical shape and narrow size distribution were demonstrated. Optimal characteristics regarding MNPs crystallinity, uniformity, and thermal stability were obtained at higher concentrations and lower flows. In this manner, the potential of the LoC device is a promising tool for the synthesis of nanomaterials by ensuring the necessary uniformity for all final applications. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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17 pages, 3949 KiB  
Article
Impact of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles on the Composition of Gut Microbiota in Healthy and Autism Spectrum Disorder Children
by Rongrong Yu, Temoor Ahmed, Hubiao Jiang, Guoling Zhou, Muchen Zhang, Luqiong Lv and Bin Li
Materials 2021, 14(19), 5488; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14195488 - 23 Sep 2021
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 2190
Abstract
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) seriously affects children’s health, while the gut microbiome has been widely hypothesized to be involved in the regulation of ASD behavior. This study investigated and compared the number, diversity, and population structure of gut microbiota between healthy and ASD [...] Read more.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) seriously affects children’s health, while the gut microbiome has been widely hypothesized to be involved in the regulation of ASD behavior. This study investigated and compared the number, diversity, and population structure of gut microbiota between healthy and ASD children and their susceptibility to zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) based on the measurement of live cell number, living/dead bacterial staining test, flow cytometry observation and bacterial community analysis using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. The result of this present study revealed that ASD children not only significantly reduced the live cell number and the community diversity of gut bacteria, but also changed the gut bacterial community composition compared to the healthy children. In addition, this result revealed that ZnONPs significantly reduced the number of live bacterial cells in the gut of healthy children, but not in that of ASD children. In contrast, ZnONPs generally increased the gut bacterial community diversity in both ASD and healthy children, while a greater increase was found in ASD children than that of healthy children. Furthermore, this study successfully isolated and identified some representative nanoparticle-resistant bacteria based on the color, shape, and edge of colony as well as the 16S rDNA sequence analysis. The community of nanoparticle-resistant bacteria differed in between healthy and ASD children. Indeed, the representative strains 6-1, 6-2, 6-3 and 6-4 from healthy children were identified as Bacillus anthracis, Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus and Escherichia coli with sequence similarity of 97.86%, 99.86%, 99.03% and 99.65%, respectively, while the representative strains 8-1, 8-2 and 8-3 from ASD children were identified as Bacillus cereus, with sequence similarities of 99.58%, 99.72% and 99.72%, respectively. Overall, this study demonstrated that ZnONPs caused a change in number, diversity, and species composition of gut bacteria, but differed in healthy and ASD children. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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18 pages, 5571 KiB  
Article
Conformational Stability of Poly (N-Isopropylacrylamide) Anchored on the Surface of Gold Nanoparticles
by Runmei Li, Cong Cheng, Zhuorui Wang, Xuefan Gu, Caixia Zhang, Chen Wang, Xinyue Liang and Daodao Hu
Materials 2021, 14(2), 443; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14020443 - 18 Jan 2021
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2487
Abstract
To verify the temperature sensitive failure of poly (N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) anchored on the surface of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), the UV-Vis spectra with temperature variations of the following aqueous solutions respectively containing AuNPs-PNIPAM, Au-PNIPAM/PNIPAM, PNIPAM, in different media (including salt, ethanol, HCl and cetyltrimethylammoniumbromide [...] Read more.
To verify the temperature sensitive failure of poly (N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) anchored on the surface of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), the UV-Vis spectra with temperature variations of the following aqueous solutions respectively containing AuNPs-PNIPAM, Au-PNIPAM/PNIPAM, PNIPAM, in different media (including salt, ethanol, HCl and cetyltrimethylammoniumbromide (CTAB)), were systematically determined. The results indicated that the UV-Vis spectrum of AuNPs-PNIPAM suspension hardly changed even above the Lower Critical Solution Temperature (LCST) of PNIPAM, but that of Au-PNIPAM/PNIPAM sharply increased only in absorbance intensity. A possible mechanism of the failed temperature sensitivity of PNIPAM anchored on the surface of AuNPs was proposed. Being different from free PNIPAM molecules, a strong interaction exists among PNIPAM molecules anchored on the surface of AuNPs, restraining the change in conformation of PNIPAM. The temperature sensitivity of Au-PNIPAM/PNIPAM originates from the free PNIPAM molecules rather than the anchored PNIPAM one. The changing electrostatic interaction could effectively regulate the aggregation behavior of AuNPs-PNIPAM and enhance its sensitivity to temperature. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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22 pages, 15649 KiB  
Article
Hydrothermally Assisted Fabrication of TiO2-Fe3O4 Composite Materials and Their Antibacterial Activity
by Adam Kubiak, Marta Kubacka, Elżbieta Gabała, Anna Dobrowolska, Karol Synoradzki, Katarzyna Siwińska-Ciesielczyk, Katarzyna Czaczyk and Teofil Jesionowski
Materials 2020, 13(21), 4715; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13214715 - 22 Oct 2020
Cited by 11 | Viewed by 2670
Abstract
The TiO2-Fe3O4 composite materials were fabricated via the hydrothermal-assisted technique. It was determined how the molar ratio of TiO2 to Fe3O4 influences the crystalline structure and morphology of the synthesized composite materials. The effect [...] Read more.
The TiO2-Fe3O4 composite materials were fabricated via the hydrothermal-assisted technique. It was determined how the molar ratio of TiO2 to Fe3O4 influences the crystalline structure and morphology of the synthesized composite materials. The effect of the molar ratio of components on the antibacterial activity was also analyzed. On the basis of XRD patterns for the obtained titanium(IV) oxide-iron(II, III) oxide composites, the two separate crystalline forms—anatase and magnetite —were observed. Transmission electron microscopy revealed particles of cubic and tetragonal shape for TiO2 and spherical for Fe3O4. The results of low-temperature nitrogen sorption analysis indicated that an increase in the iron(II, III) oxide content leads to a decrease in the BET surface area. Moreover, the superparamagnetic properties of titanium(IV) oxide-iron(II, III) oxide composites should be noted. An important aim of the work was to determine the antibacterial activity of selected TiO2-Fe3O4 materials. For this purpose, two representative strains of bacteria, the Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus, were used. The titanium(IV) oxide-iron(II, III) oxide composites demonstrated a large zone of growth inhibition for both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Moreover, it was found that the analyzed materials can be reused as antibacterial agents in three consecutive cycles with good results. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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Review

Jump to: Research

30 pages, 3425 KiB  
Review
Synthesis Methods and Optical Sensing Applications of Plasmonic Metal Nanoparticles Made from Rhodium, Platinum, Gold, or Silver
by Elizaveta Demishkevich, Andrey Zyubin, Alexey Seteikin, Ilia Samusev, Inkyu Park, Chang Kwon Hwangbo, Eun Ha Choi and Geon Joon Lee
Materials 2023, 16(9), 3342; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16093342 - 24 Apr 2023
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 3065
Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to provide an in-depth review of plasmonic metal nanoparticles made from rhodium, platinum, gold, or silver. We describe fundamental concepts, synthesis methods, and optical sensing applications of these nanoparticles. Plasmonic metal nanoparticles have received a lot of [...] Read more.
The purpose of this paper is to provide an in-depth review of plasmonic metal nanoparticles made from rhodium, platinum, gold, or silver. We describe fundamental concepts, synthesis methods, and optical sensing applications of these nanoparticles. Plasmonic metal nanoparticles have received a lot of interest due to various applications, such as optical sensors, single-molecule detection, single-cell detection, pathogen detection, environmental contaminant monitoring, cancer diagnostics, biomedicine, and food and health safety monitoring. They provide a promising platform for highly sensitive detection of various analytes. Due to strongly localized optical fields in the hot-spot region near metal nanoparticles, they have the potential for plasmon-enhanced optical sensing applications, including metal-enhanced fluorescence (MEF), surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), and biomedical imaging. We explain the plasmonic enhancement through electromagnetic theory and confirm it with finite-difference time-domain numerical simulations. Moreover, we examine how the localized surface plasmon resonance effects of gold and silver nanoparticles have been utilized for the detection and biosensing of various analytes. Specifically, we discuss the syntheses and applications of rhodium and platinum nanoparticles for the UV plasmonics such as UV-MEF and UV-SERS. Finally, we provide an overview of chemical, physical, and green methods for synthesizing these nanoparticles. We hope that this paper will promote further interest in the optical sensing applications of plasmonic metal nanoparticles in the UV and visible ranges. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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29 pages, 2235 KiB  
Review
Fighting Phytopathogens with Engineered Inorganic-Based Nanoparticles
by Eirini Kanakari and Catherine Dendrinou-Samara
Materials 2023, 16(6), 2388; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16062388 - 16 Mar 2023
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 1958
Abstract
The development of effective and ecofriendly agrochemicals, including bactericides, fungicides, insecticides, and nematicides, to control pests and prevent plant diseases remains a key challenge. Nanotechnology has provided opportunities for the use of nanomaterials as components in the development of anti-phytopathogenic agents. Indeed, inorganic-based [...] Read more.
The development of effective and ecofriendly agrochemicals, including bactericides, fungicides, insecticides, and nematicides, to control pests and prevent plant diseases remains a key challenge. Nanotechnology has provided opportunities for the use of nanomaterials as components in the development of anti-phytopathogenic agents. Indeed, inorganic-based nanoparticles (INPs) are among the promising ones. They may play an effective role in targeting and killing microbes via diverse mechanisms, such as deposition on the microbe surface, destabilization of cell walls and membranes by released metal ions, and the induction of a toxic mechanism mediated by the production of reactive oxygen species. Considering the lack of new agrochemicals with novel mechanisms of action, it is of particular interest to determine and precisely depict which types of INPs are able to induce antimicrobial activity with no phytotoxicity effects, and which microbe species are affected. Therefore, this review aims to provide an update on the latest advances in research focusing on the study of several types of engineered INPs, that are well characterized (size, shape, composition, and surface features) and show promising reactivity against assorted species (bacteria, fungus, virus). Since effective strategies for plant protection and plant disease management are urgently needed, INPs can be an excellent alternative to chemical agrochemical agents as indicated by the present studies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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14 pages, 2016 KiB  
Review
A Metal-Containing NP Approach to Treat Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA): Prospects and Challenges
by Wendy Wai Yeng Yeo, Sathiya Maran, Amanda Shen-Yee Kong, Wan-Hee Cheng, Swee-Hua Erin Lim, Jiun-Yan Loh and Kok-Song Lai
Materials 2022, 15(17), 5802; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15175802 - 23 Aug 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2333
Abstract
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important cause of pneumonia in humans, and it is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, especially in immunocompromised patients. Its high rate of multidrug resistance led to an exploration of novel antimicrobials. Metal nanoparticles have shown [...] Read more.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important cause of pneumonia in humans, and it is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, especially in immunocompromised patients. Its high rate of multidrug resistance led to an exploration of novel antimicrobials. Metal nanoparticles have shown potent antibacterial activity, thus instigating their application in MRSA. This review summarizes current insights of Metal-Containing NPs in treating MRSA. This review also provides an in-depth appraisal of opportunities and challenges in utilizing metal-NPs to treat MRSA. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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20 pages, 2627 KiB  
Review
Treasure on the Earth—Gold Nanoparticles and Their Biomedical Applications
by Justyna Milan, Klaudia Niemczyk and Małgorzata Kus-Liśkiewicz
Materials 2022, 15(9), 3355; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15093355 - 7 May 2022
Cited by 31 | Viewed by 7287
Abstract
Recent advances in the synthesis of metal nanoparticles (NPs) have led to tremendous expansion of their potential applications in different fields, ranging from healthcare research to microelectronics and food packaging. Among the approaches for exploiting nanotechnology in medicine, gold nanomaterials in particular have [...] Read more.
Recent advances in the synthesis of metal nanoparticles (NPs) have led to tremendous expansion of their potential applications in different fields, ranging from healthcare research to microelectronics and food packaging. Among the approaches for exploiting nanotechnology in medicine, gold nanomaterials in particular have been found as the most promising due to their unique advantages, such as in sensing, image enhancement, and as delivery agents. Although, the first scientific article on gold nanoparticles was presented in 1857 by Faraday, during the last few years, the progress in manufacturing these nanomaterials has taken an enormous step forward. Due to the nanoscale counterparts of gold, which exhibit distinct properties and functionality compared to bulk material, gold nanoparticles stand out, in particular, in therapy, imaging, detection, diagnostics, and precise drug delivery. This review summarizes the current state-of-the-art knowledge in terms of biomedical applications of gold nanoparticles. The application of AuNPs in the following aspects are discussed: (i) imaging and diagnosing of specific target; (ii) treatment and therapies using AuNPs; and (iii) drug delivery systems with gold nanomaterials as a carrier. Among the different approaches in medical imaging, here we either consider AuNPs as a contrast agent in computed tomography (CT), or as a particle used in optical imaging, instead of fluorophores. Moreover, their nontoxic feature, compared to the gadolinium-based contrast agents used in magnetic resonance imaging, are shown. The tunable size, shape, and functionality of gold nanoparticles make them great carriers for targeted delivery. Therefore, here, we summarize gold-based nanodrugs that are FDA approved. Finally, various approaches to treat the specific diseases using AuNPs are discussed, i.e., photothermal or photodynamic therapy, and immunotherapy. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Metal-Based Nanoparticles)
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