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Special Issue of the Manufacturing Engineering Society 2021 (SIMES-2021)

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 January 2022) | Viewed by 19944

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Manufacturing Engineering, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Juan del Rosal 12, E28040 Madrid, Spain
Interests: materials processing technologies; metal forming; additive manufacturing; materials technology; data-driven decision methodologies; materials selection in manufacturing; equipment reliability; failure prognosis; nuclear power applications; renewable energy applications; oil & gas applications; aerospace applications;industrial heritage
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Department of Manufacturing Engineering, University of Malaga, C/ Dr. Ortiz Ramos s/n, 29071 Málaga, Spain
Interests: machining; lightweight materials; aeronautical alloys; aerospace structures; sustainable manufacturing; surface integrity; industrial metrology; additive manufacturing; simulation in manufacturing processes; digital image correlation; industrial heritage
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Due to the success of the three previous editions and encouraged by the Manufacturing Engineering Society (MES), a new edition called “Special Issue of the Manufacturing Engineering Society 2021 (SIMES-2021)” has been launched as a joint issue of the journals Materials and Applied Sciences.

The first edition collected 48 contributions on emerging methods and technologies, such as those related to additive manufacturing and 3D printing, advances and innovations in manufacturing processes in different areas (machining, forming, molding, welding, and nontraditional manufacturing processes), manufacturing systems (machines, equipment and tooling), metrology and quality in manufacturing, product lifecycle management (PLM) technologies, and risks in manufacturing engineering and society.

The second edition, defined as a Joint Special Issue with the aim of covering the wide range of research lines developed by the members and collaborators of the MES and other researchers within the field of Manufacturing Engineering, collected 39 contributions—29 in Materials and 10 in Applied Sciences.

In the third edition, finally, the Joint Special Issue successfully gathered a total of 31 papers (17 in Materials and 14 in Applied Sciences).

The main objective of the “Special Issue of the Manufacturing Engineering Society 2021 (SIMES 2021)” is to publish outstanding papers presenting cutting-edge advances in the field of Manufacturing Engineering, focusing on materials processing, as well as on experimental and theoretical results within applied sciences.

The Special Issue aims to explore the evolution of traditional manufacturing models toward the new requirements of the Manufacturing Industry 4.0 and how manufacturing professionals should face the resulting competitive challenges in the context of an ever-increasing use of digital information systems and communication technologies.

Contributions on emerging methods and technologies such as those related to additive manufacturing will have special relevance within this Special Issue, as well as those where sustainability and environmental issues play a fundamental role in manufacturing.

The main topics covered by this Special Issue are scientific contributions on the following manufacturing research topics:

  • Additive manufacturing and 3D printing;
  • Advances and innovations in manufacturing processes;
  • Sustainable and green manufacturing;
  • Micro and nanomanufacturing;
  • Manufacturing of new materials;
  • Manufacturing systems: machines, equipment, and tooling;
  • Robotics, mechatronics, and manufacturing automation;
  • Metrology and quality in manufacturing;
  • Industry 4.0;
  • Product lifecycle management (PLM) technologies;
  • Design, modeling, and simulation in manufacturing engineering;
  • Production planning;
  • Manufacturing engineering and society.

The above list is not exhaustive, and papers on other topics associated with advances in manufacturing engineering are also welcome.

Especially welcome are all works with a clear application to the manufacturing field related to processing of materials, including ceramics, glasses, polymers (plastics), semiconductors, magnetic materials, medical implant materials and biological materials, silica and carbon materials, metals and metallic alloys, composites, coatings and films, pigments, application of techniques such as electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, calorimetry and others, the analysis of manufacturing processes and systems, mechanics of materials, and tribology (friction, lubrication and wear).

It is our pleasure to invite professionals from industry, academic institutions, and research centers from around the world to submit their contributions to this Special Issue.

We hope this fourth edition of the Special Issue is as successful as the last three editions.

text

Dr. Álvaro Rodríguez-Prieto
Dr. Francisco Javier Trujillo Vilches
Guest Editors

  • Members of the Manufacturing Engineering Society will benefit from a 15% discount (approx. 280 €) on the article processing charges. If you are not a member yet, please find more information on how to join the society (here). Regular individual member fee 75 €/year, student fee 35 €/year.

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • 3D printing
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Advanced Materials Processing
  • Assembly processes
  • Coatings and films
  • Digital manufacturing
  • Forming
  • Friction
  • Green manufacturing
  • Industry 4.0
  • Joining
  • Machining
  • Manufacturing automation
  • Manufacturing systems
  • Mechatronics
  • Metrology

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Editorial

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3 pages, 668 KiB  
Editorial
Special Issue of the Manufacturing Engineering Society 2021 (SIMES-2021)
by Álvaro Rodríguez-Prieto and Francisco Javier Trujillo
Materials 2022, 15(14), 4772; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15144772 - 07 Jul 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 914
Abstract
After the complete success of the first [...] Full article
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Research

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17 pages, 1050 KiB  
Article
Evaluation of Collaborative Robot Sustainable Integration in Manufacturing Assembly by Using Process Time Savings
by Roque Calvo and Pilar Gil
Materials 2022, 15(2), 611; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15020611 - 14 Jan 2022
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 2838
Abstract
Collaborative robots are enablers of flexibility in the current dynamic and uncertain manufacturing environment. Decision making on its implementation requires technical feasibility, involving productivity and workforce implications that should be faced in an integrated perspective in processes where many components of different materials [...] Read more.
Collaborative robots are enablers of flexibility in the current dynamic and uncertain manufacturing environment. Decision making on its implementation requires technical feasibility, involving productivity and workforce implications that should be faced in an integrated perspective in processes where many components of different materials are assembled in products of increasing diversity and complexity. This study introduces two new parametric models for collaborative robotics, formulated in order to evaluate the differential cost of assembly (economic dimension) and the differential income from taxes that supports short-term workforce displacement (social dimension) in cobot implementation. Updated techno-economical parameters are selected for assessing feasibility ranges of application in different production scenarios. Next, the influence curves of productivity gain for a feasible implementation of cobot establish thresholds for decision making under both criteria. The results show the need for productivity gains that are significantly lower in high-wage scenarios than in low-wage scenarios; however, in a joint approach, breakeven productivity gain is always higher for the social dimension threshold than for the economic requirement of cost-effective manufacturing, with a higher gap in low-wage cases. The detailed analysis of a real case study of cobot implementation for assembly demonstrates the practical application of models and potential for future research. Full article
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17 pages, 5719 KiB  
Article
Analysis of Tube-to-Tubesheet Welding in Carbon Steel Heat Exchangers of a Double Plate Header Box
by José García González, Juan José Hernández-Ortega, Ana-Eva Jiménez-Ballesta and Rosendo Zamora Pedreño
Materials 2022, 15(1), 261; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010261 - 30 Dec 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 5493
Abstract
The rear wall of the header box serves as a tubesheet in heat exchangers of double plate header box. Tube-to-tubesheet welding must be performed using orbital Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) with a head extension, which is passed through the corresponding hole in [...] Read more.
The rear wall of the header box serves as a tubesheet in heat exchangers of double plate header box. Tube-to-tubesheet welding must be performed using orbital Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) with a head extension, which is passed through the corresponding hole in the front wall (plugsheet) of the header box, where the welding machine is supported. In this project, the effect of parallelism deviations between the plugsheet and the tubesheet of carbon steel header box is analyzed to evaluate its influence on the quality of the tube-to-tubesheet welding. Welded tube (SA-210 Gr. A1) to tubesheet (SA-516 Gr. 70) coupons are manufactured simulating the parallelism deviations previously analyzed in two double plate header boxes of air-cooled heat exchangers using two different preheating temperatures. Macrographic analysis is performed in order to evaluate the weld penetration (minimum leak path) and length of the weld leg in tube-to-tubesheet joints. The results obtained show important variations in those parameters when the parallelism deviations are equal to or greater than −1 mm over the theoretical distance as well as when the distance approaches +1 mm or more. Finally, the incorporation of dimensional controls prior to the welding process is discussed and the implementation of improvements in orbital GTAW equipment is recommended as an optimal solution for this kind of heat exchangers. Full article
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26 pages, 14325 KiB  
Article
Selection of Die Material and Its Impact on the Multi-Material Extrusion of Bimetallic AZ31B–Ti6Al4V Components for Aeronautical Applications
by Daniel Fernández, Alvaro Rodríguez-Prieto and Ana María Camacho
Materials 2021, 14(24), 7568; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14247568 - 09 Dec 2021
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2154
Abstract
This paper investigates the effect that the selection of the die material generates on the extrusion process of bimetallic cylindrical billets combining a magnesium alloy core (AZ31B) and a titanium alloy sleeve (Ti6Al4V) of interest in aeronautical applications. A robust finite element model [...] Read more.
This paper investigates the effect that the selection of the die material generates on the extrusion process of bimetallic cylindrical billets combining a magnesium alloy core (AZ31B) and a titanium alloy sleeve (Ti6Al4V) of interest in aeronautical applications. A robust finite element model is developed to analyze the variation in the extrusion force, damage distribution, and wear using different die materials. The results show that die material is a key factor to be taken into account in multi-material extrusion processes. The die material selection can cause variations in the extrusion force from 8% up to 15%, changing the effect of the extrusion parameters, for example, optimum die semi-angle. Damage distribution in the extrudate is also affected by die material, mainly in the core. Lastly, die wear is the most affected parameter due to the different hardness of the materials, as well as due to the variations in the normal pressure and sliding velocity, finding critical values in the friction coefficient for which the die cannot be used for more than one forming stage because of the heavy wear suffered. These results can potentially be used to improve the efficiency of this kind of extrusion process and the quality of the extruded part that, along with the use of lightweight materials, can contribute to sustainable production approaches. Full article
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17 pages, 1637 KiB  
Article
Thermal, Viscoelastic and Surface Properties of Oxidized Field’s Metal for Additive Microfabrication
by Rosendo Zamora, Juan Martínez-Pastor and Félix Faura
Materials 2021, 14(23), 7392; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14237392 - 02 Dec 2021
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 2043
Abstract
Field’s metal, a low-melting-point eutectic alloy composed of 51% In, 32.5 Bi% and 16.5% Sn by weight and with a melting temperature of 333 K, is widely used as liquid metal coolant in advanced nuclear reactors and in electro–magneto–hydrodynamic two-phase flow loops. However, [...] Read more.
Field’s metal, a low-melting-point eutectic alloy composed of 51% In, 32.5 Bi% and 16.5% Sn by weight and with a melting temperature of 333 K, is widely used as liquid metal coolant in advanced nuclear reactors and in electro–magneto–hydrodynamic two-phase flow loops. However, its rheological and wetting properties in liquid state make this metal suitable for the formation of droplets and other structures for application in microfabrication. As with other low-melting-point metal alloys, in the presence of air, Field’s metal has an oxide film on its surface, which provides a degree of malleability and stability. In this paper, the viscoelastic properties of Field’s metal oxide skin were studied in a parallel-plate rheometer, while surface tension and solidification and contact angles were determined using drop shape analysis techniques. Full article
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18 pages, 3581 KiB  
Article
Compression Behavior of Hybrid Tubes for Lightweight Steel Structures
by Gregorio Torres-Escobar, Juan Carlos Suárez-Bermejo and José Manuel Arenas
Materials 2021, 14(22), 6797; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14226797 - 11 Nov 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2231
Abstract
This research shows the results of an experimental investigation carried out on the compression behavior of hybrid steel tubes formed by two concentric steel tubes and four different fillers of non-metallic material interposed between both tubes: polyurethane foam, polyurethane, epoxy and a cement-based [...] Read more.
This research shows the results of an experimental investigation carried out on the compression behavior of hybrid steel tubes formed by two concentric steel tubes and four different fillers of non-metallic material interposed between both tubes: polyurethane foam, polyurethane, epoxy and a cement-based mortar. The tests show that the incorporation of a resistant filler in the double tube allows it to improve its mechanical behavior by allowing a second load cycle. Furthermore, the strain energy absorbed during the two cycles led to the conclusion that the epoxy-filled tube absorbed more energy per unit of weight than the other resistant fillers. Full article
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Review

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28 pages, 2748 KiB  
Review
Lightweight Structural Materials in Open Access: Latest Trends
by David Blanco, Eva María Rubio, Raquel María Lorente-Pedreille and María Ana Sáenz-Nuño
Materials 2021, 14(21), 6577; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14216577 - 02 Nov 2021
Cited by 13 | Viewed by 3025
Abstract
The aeronautical and automotive industries have, as an essential objective, the energy efficiency optimization of aircraft and cars, while maintaining stringent functional requirements. One working line focuses on the use of lightweight structural materials to replace conventional materials. For this reason, it is [...] Read more.
The aeronautical and automotive industries have, as an essential objective, the energy efficiency optimization of aircraft and cars, while maintaining stringent functional requirements. One working line focuses on the use of lightweight structural materials to replace conventional materials. For this reason, it is considered enlightening to carry out an analysis of the literature published over the last 20 years through Open Access literature. For this purpose, a systematic methodology is applied to minimize the possible risks of bias in literature selection and analysis. Web of Science is used as a search engine. The final selection comprises the 30 articles with the highest average numbers of citations per year published from 2015 to 2020 and the 7 articles published from the period of 2000–2014. Overall, the selection is composed of 37 Open Access articles with 2482 total citations and an average of 67.1 citations per article/year published, and includes Q1 (62%) and Q2 (8%) articles and proceeding papers (30%). The study seeks to inform about the current trends in materials and processes in lightweight structural materials for aeronautical and automotive applications with a sustainable perspective. All the information collected is summarized in tables to facilitate searches and interpretation by interested researchers. Full article
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