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Special Issue "Advanced CAD/CAM Restorative Materials for Natural Teeth"

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Advanced and Functional Ceramics and Glasses".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2022) | Viewed by 1723

Special Issue Editor

Department of Nursery and Stomatology, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Avenida de Atenas, s/n, 28922 Alarcon, Madrid, Spain
Interests: dental adhesion; dental materials; clinical trials; restorative dentistry
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Digital workflow has prevailed in current dentistry for reliability and economic reasons. Meanwhile, a wide range of CAD/CAM materials became available, offering improved physical and mechanical properties, and enabling more conservative treatments.

Subsequently, the indication of these CAD/CAM materials for tooth-supported restorations has broadened and their rapid evolution has hampered attaining evidence of their clinical success.

This Special Issue will provide readers with updated findings regarding CAD/CAM blocks made with glass ceramics, resin-based materials, PICN materials, and oxide ceramics, especially monolithic and translucent zirconia, to perform tooth-supported restorations. Their mechanical and esthetic properties will be addressed to ensure that they meet the clinical requirements for crowns, bridges, and indirect partial restorations in anterior and posterior teeth.

For this purpose, contributed papers regarding the following topics are requested:

  • Physical and mechanical properties of CAD/CAM materials.
  • Esthetic properties of CAD/CAM materials.
  • Surface treatments of CAD/CAM materials to enhance their bonding properties.
  • Clinical performance of tooth-supported restorations fabricated with CAD/CAM materials.

Prof. Dr. Laura Ceballos
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Mechanical properties
  • Indirect restorations
  • Prostheses
  • Ceramic material
  • Resin composite material
  • Hybrid material
  • Surface treatment
  • Esthetic properties
  • Clinical performance

Published Papers (1 paper)

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15 pages, 5466 KiB  
3-D Surface Morphological Characterization of CAD/CAM Milled Dental Zirconia: An In Vitro Study of the Effect of Post-Fabrication Processes
Materials 2022, 15(13), 4685; - 04 Jul 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1169
Objective: To investigate the effect on zirconia surface of the post-fabrication surface treatments on the morphological characteristics and mechanical properties of CAD/CAM milled dental zirconia specimens as well as to identify the critical parameters in the measurement of oral retention under in vitro [...] Read more.
Objective: To investigate the effect on zirconia surface of the post-fabrication surface treatments on the morphological characteristics and mechanical properties of CAD/CAM milled dental zirconia specimens as well as to identify the critical parameters in the measurement of oral retention under in vitro circumstances. Method: The zirconia specimens (N = 20, n = 4) were subjected to CAD/CAM milling and divided into five groups. The specifications were: Group G1—sintered; Group G2—sintered followed by a polishing process; Group G3—sintered followed by polishing and sandblasting with alumina particles Al2O3 (110 µm); Group G4—sintered followed by sandblasting; Group G5—sintered followed by sandblasting with polishing as the end process. All the groups were subjected to Fretting wear tests, 3-D surface roughness measurements, and Vickers’s Micro hardness tests. Investigation of the phase transformation using XRD, and surface feature examination using SEM were also carried out. Additionally, one-way ANOVA, Tukey, and Pearson correlations were statistically analysed. Results: The fabrication processes had a significant effect on the performance of zirconia specimens in all the groups (p > 0.05). Specimens that underwent polishing as the last process exhibited lower surface roughness. The monoclinic phase of zirconia was observed in all the specimens before and after wear except for those in the G2 and G5 groups, where polishing was the end process. In G5, the post-wear surface properties revealed lower surface roughness and hardness. Further, the SEM and 3-D topography show grooves as seen by the dale void volume (Vvv) values; shallow valley depth (Svk); micro craters; and wear track. Conclusion: Specimens in G5 that were subjected to multistep post-fabrication process, namely sandblasting followed by polishing, yielded better results when compared to those in the other groups (G1, G2, G3, and G4). G5 with an interlayer of alumina is recommended for clinical applications due to its enhanced surface properties, mechanical properties, and low wear. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced CAD/CAM Restorative Materials for Natural Teeth)
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