materials-logo

Journal Browser

Journal Browser

Special Issue "Advances in Research and Materials in Cultural Heritage"

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Construction and Building Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 September 2023) | Viewed by 2650

Special Issue Editor

National Centre for Nuclear Research, ul. A. Soltana, 7 05-480 Otwock, Poland
Interests: X-ray spectrometry; lead isotopic ratio; archaeometry; archaeometallurgy; silver-copper alloys; ancient coins and jewelry

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The study of the usefulness of physicochemical techniques in the study of artifacts is one of the basic interests of archaeologists and museologists. The techniques of analytical X-ray spectrometry, mass spectrometry, Raman spectroscopy, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and others are often used in research on cultural heritage. The use of various analytical methods in the field of cultural heritage allows for a fuller understanding of technological thought used in ancient times and its spread throughout the ancient world. The use of modern instrumental methods in the study and conservation of historic objects covers a wide range of issues related to their use in terms of learning about various objects, ways of saving them, and making attempts to develop effective conservation methods. Physicochemical research is justified from the point of view of the possibility of collecting substantive and relevant data on the detailed characteristics of material properties. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct research at the highest level to ensure their high quality.

The main goal of this SI is to enable the exchange of experiences between specialists in the field of physical and chemical research and scientists interested in the use of modern methods of instrumental analysis in the study of historic objects as well as the promotion of the idea of ​​conducting of archaeometric research as such activities that allow the collection of objective information about the works of historic objects.

Dr. Aneta Maria Gójska
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • X-ray spectroscopy
  • lead isotopic ratio
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • SEM-EDX
  • PIXE
  • archaeometry
  • archaeometallurgy
  • cultural heritage

Published Papers (2 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Article
Optimization of the Process of Eliminating Microorganisms Harmful to Human Health and Threatening Objects Isolated from Historical Materials from the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Poland (A-BSM) Collection with the Use of Ethanol in the Form of Mist
Materials 2023, 16(7), 2700; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16072700 - 28 Mar 2023
Viewed by 507
Abstract
The aim of the study was to assess the biocidal effectiveness and the effect of 80% and 90% ethanol applied in the form of mist on the surface of textile materials from historical A-BSM objects. The microorganisms used for the tests, namely, Cladosporium [...] Read more.
The aim of the study was to assess the biocidal effectiveness and the effect of 80% and 90% ethanol applied in the form of mist on the surface of textile materials from historical A-BSM objects. The microorganisms used for the tests, namely, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Aspergillus niger and Penicillium chrysogenum, were isolated from the surface of textile objects in the A-BSM. Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus niger were also used from the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC). Fabric samples were inoculated with microorganisms at a concentration of 105–106 CFU/ml. Ethanol in the form of mist was applied in concentrations of 80% and 90%. Airbrushes VL 0819 and VE 0707 were used for this purpose, where the pressure was 0.2 MPa and the PA HEAD VLH-5 nozzle with a tip of 1.05 mm in diameter was used. In order to achieve more effective disinfection after applying the ethanol mist, samples were stored in PE foil in the conditions of 21 °C ± 1 °C for 22 ± 1 h. After applying the ethanol mist, changes in the properties of the materials were assessed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The reduction in the number of microorganisms on modern cotton fabric after the use of ethanol in the form of mist at concentrations of 80% and 90% ranged from 93.27% to 99.91% for fungi and from 94.96% to 100% for bacteria, except for 74.24% for B. subtillis. On the historical fabric, after the time of application of 90% ethanol was shortened to 4 s, the microorganisms were reduced by over 99.93% and S. aureus was completely eliminated. After applying the tested disinfection technique, no changes in fiber morphology were observed on the surface of the model and historical cotton. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Research and Materials in Cultural Heritage)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
Innovative Calcium Carbonate-Based Products to Repair Cracked Cement Mortars
Materials 2022, 15(12), 4044; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15124044 - 07 Jun 2022
Viewed by 1565
Abstract
The durability of Portland cement mortars is often affected by environmental factors, which can cause physicochemical and mechanical degradation processes. In this study, the performance of three products, calcium acetoacetate and calcium tetrahydrofurfuryloxide dissolved in two different solvents developed and tested as stone [...] Read more.
The durability of Portland cement mortars is often affected by environmental factors, which can cause physicochemical and mechanical degradation processes. In this study, the performance of three products, calcium acetoacetate and calcium tetrahydrofurfuryloxide dissolved in two different solvents developed and tested as stone consolidants, was evaluated in terms of crack filling or sealing and consolidation. Realistic cracks were induced in quasibrittle cement mortar prisms using a custom-designed test rig. The effectiveness and the performance of the considered treatments, investigated on specimens, were evaluated by optical and scanning electron microscopy, colourimetry, water absorption rate, ultrasonic pulse velocity, and surface hardness measurements. Results revealed that, in the examined conditions, the products were more suitable as surface consolidants than as crack fillers. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Research and Materials in Cultural Heritage)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop