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Properties and Applications of Advanced Textile Materials

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Polymeric Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 October 2024 | Viewed by 3815

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
College of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
Interests: advanced textile materials; biomimetic design of textiles; fabrication of nanomaterials; functional textiles

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

With the progress of technology and people's continuous pursuit of life quality, advanced textile materials are paid more and more attention and their development opens more possibilities for the production and application of textiles. Functional textile materials have special functions achieved by adding some special chemical substances, such as waterproofing, anti fouling, antibacterial, etc., and are used in outdoor sports, as well as medical and health fields. Intelligent textile materials refer to the addition of intelligent components to textiles for use in fields such as smart homes and smart health. Environmentally friendly textile materials are composed of organic cotton, bamboo fibers, etc., which can effectively reduce environmental pollution. Therefore, this Special Issue focuses on the preparation and development, functional modification, performance characterization, and application exploration of advanced textile materials or textiles.

Dr. Fujuan Liu
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • functional textile materials
  • nanomaterials
  • smart textile materials
  • functional clothing
  • biomaterials
  • environmentally friendly materials
  • composite materials/structures
  • biomimetic design

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

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16 pages, 6450 KiB  
Article
Enhancement of Filtration Performance Characteristics of Glass Fiber-Based Filter Media, Part 1: Mechanical Modification with Electrospun Nanofibers
by Laura Weiter, Stephan Leyer and John K. Duchowski
Materials 2024, 17(10), 2209; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma17102209 - 8 May 2024
Viewed by 381
Abstract
Various modifications of standard glass fiber filtration media using electrospun PA66 nanofibers are described. PA66 were selected because they were readily available from commercial sources. Other polymers, such as PP, PET and PBT, could also be used. The first set of samples was [...] Read more.
Various modifications of standard glass fiber filtration media using electrospun PA66 nanofibers are described. PA66 were selected because they were readily available from commercial sources. Other polymers, such as PP, PET and PBT, could also be used. The first set of samples was prepared by mixing the nanofibers at two, three and five weight percent with glass fibers, and the second by laying the same proportion of the nanofibers directly onto the downstream side of the substrate. The aim of these modifications was to improve the three most basic functionalities of filter media, the separation efficiency, the differential pressure (ΔP) and the dirt holding capacity (DHC). The modified media samples were evaluated with the standard textile characterization techniques and filtration performance evaluation procedures. The results showed differences in the several tens of percentage points achieved with the two modification methods. Moreover, additional differences in performance were observed depending on the percentage of nanofibers admixed to the substrate. These differences were most apparent in the filtration efficiency and the DHC, both by several percentage points, with no apparent effect on the ∆P. The results strongly suggest that the preparation of new filter media by incorporating nanofibers directly into the matrix can result in significant improvements in filtration performance characteristics. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Properties and Applications of Advanced Textile Materials)
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12 pages, 4516 KiB  
Article
Preparation of CS-LS/AgNPs Composites and Photocatalytic Degradation of Dyes
by Jiabao Wu, Xinpeng Chen, Aijing Li, Tieling Xing and Guoqiang Chen
Materials 2024, 17(5), 1214; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma17051214 - 6 Mar 2024
Viewed by 706
Abstract
Synthetic dyes are prone to water pollution during use, jeopardizing biodiversity and human health. This study aimed to investigate the adsorption and photocatalytic assist potential of sodium lignosulfonate (LS) in in situ reduced silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and chitosan (CS)-loaded silver nanoparticles (CS-LS/AgNPs) as [...] Read more.
Synthetic dyes are prone to water pollution during use, jeopardizing biodiversity and human health. This study aimed to investigate the adsorption and photocatalytic assist potential of sodium lignosulfonate (LS) in in situ reduced silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and chitosan (CS)-loaded silver nanoparticles (CS-LS/AgNPs) as adsorbents for Rhodamine B (RhB). The AgNPs were synthesized by doping LS on the surface of chitosan for modification. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometry, energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to confirm the synthesis of nanomaterials. The adsorption and photocatalytic removal experiments of RhB were carried out under optimal conditions (initial dye concentration of 20 mg/L, adsorbent dosage of 0.02 g, time of 60 min, and UV power of 250 W), and the kinetics of dye degradation was also investigated, which showed that the removal rate of RhB by AgNPs photocatalysis can reach 55%. The results indicated that LS was highly effective as a reducing agent for the large-scale production of metal nanoparticles and can be used for dye decolorization. This work provides a new catalyst for the effective removal of dye from wastewater, and can achieve high-value applications of chitosan and lignin. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Properties and Applications of Advanced Textile Materials)
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Review

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23 pages, 3589 KiB  
Review
Regenerated Fiber’s Ideal Target: Comparable to Natural Fiber
by Guohongfang Tan, Tianshuo Jia, Zhenzhen Qi and Shenzhou Lu
Materials 2024, 17(8), 1834; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma17081834 - 16 Apr 2024
Viewed by 626
Abstract
The toughness of silk naturally obtained from spiders and silkworms exceeds that of all other natural and man-made fibers. These insects transform aqueous protein feedstocks into mechanically specialized materials, which represents an engineering phenomenon that has developed over millions of years of natural [...] Read more.
The toughness of silk naturally obtained from spiders and silkworms exceeds that of all other natural and man-made fibers. These insects transform aqueous protein feedstocks into mechanically specialized materials, which represents an engineering phenomenon that has developed over millions of years of natural evolution. Silkworms have become a new research hotspot due to the difficulties in collecting spider silk and other challenges. According to continuous research on the natural spinning process of the silkworm, it is possible to divide the main aspects of bionic spinning into two main segments: the solvent and behavior. This work focuses on the various methods currently used for the spinning of artificial silk fibers to replicate natural silk fibers, providing new insights based on changes in the fiber properties and production processes over time. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Properties and Applications of Advanced Textile Materials)
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21 pages, 8259 KiB  
Review
Up to Date Review of Nature-Inspired Superhydrophobic Textiles: Fabrication and Applications
by Haipei Ge, Yu Liu and Fujuan Liu
Materials 2023, 16(21), 7015; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16217015 - 2 Nov 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1850
Abstract
In recent years, with the rapid development of the economy and great progress in science and technology, people have become increasingly concerned about their quality of life and physical health. In order to pursue a higher life, various functional and biomimetic textiles have [...] Read more.
In recent years, with the rapid development of the economy and great progress in science and technology, people have become increasingly concerned about their quality of life and physical health. In order to pursue a higher life, various functional and biomimetic textiles have emerged one after another and have been sought after by people. There are many animal and plant surfaces with special wettability in nature, and their unique “micro-nano structures” and low surface energy have attracted extensive attention from researchers. Researchers have prepared various textiles with superhydrophobic features by mimicking these unique structures. This review introduces the typical organisms with superhydrophobicity in nature, using lotus, water strider, and cicada as examples, and describes their morphological features and excellent superhydrophobicity. The theoretical model, commonly used raw materials, and modification technology of superhydrophobic surfaces are analyzed. In addition, the application areas and the current study status of superhydrophobic surfaces for textiles are also summarized. Finally, the development prospects for superhydrophobic textiles based on bionic technology are discussed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Properties and Applications of Advanced Textile Materials)
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