Special Issue "Pharmacogenomics"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2020) | Viewed by 2258
Interests: pharmacogenomics; pharmacoepigenetics; genomics of brain disorders; neuroepigenetics; CNS drug development; neurodegenerative disorders; Alzheimer’s disease; Parkinson’s disease
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It is a great pleasure for me to accept the kind invitation to serve as Editor of an Special Issue on “Pharmacogenomics”. I think that this is a timely initiative which will be of interest to most medical disciplines. Cardiovascular disorders (25%–30%), cancer (20%–25%) and brain disorders (10%–15%) represent over 60%–70% of morbility and mortality in developed countries. Approximately 10%–20% of direct costs for disease management are attributed to pharmacological treatment, and, unfortunately, it is estimated that drug efficacy is restricted to 20%–30% of the cases treated with a particular drug in almost any medical specialty. Many different factors influence drug efficacy and safety, including the chemical properties of a drug, route of administration, disease stage, nutrition, compliance, drug–drug interactions, and pharmacogenomics.
In the coming years, the onset of a revolutionary transformation of protocols and strategies for drug development is expected. Pharmacogenomics is one of the doors to enter the complex building of personalized medicine.
The Regulatory Agencies should make recommendations to the pharmaceutical industry in favor of the introduction of pharmacogenomics in drug development and the inclusion of pharmacogenomic information on drug labels, with specific warnings for the population at risk. Educational programs are fundamental for drug prescribers to become familiar with personalized treatments. Pharmacogenetic testing should be gradually introduced into medical practice. The introduction of pharmacogenomics in routine clinical practice is fundamental for optimizing therapeutics and for reducing adverse drug reactions (ADRs), which are a major health concern worldwide. There are multiple causes of ADRs, some of which are preventable. Pharmacogenomics accounts for ≈80% variability in drug efficacy and safety. Over 400 genes are clinically relevant in drug metabolism, and ≈200 pharmagenes are associated with ADRs. The condition of extensive metabolizers in the Caucasian population is lower than 20%, and about 60% of patients are exposed to potential ADRs.
I would like to invite all of you, experts and beginners in the field of pharmacogeneomics, to contribute to this Special Issue with your ideas for accelerating the implementation of pharmacogenomic procedures in drug development and clinical practice.
Prof. Dr. Ramón Cacabelos
Manuscript Submission Information
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- Pharmacogenomics of cardiovascular disorders
- Pharmacogenomics of cancer
- Pharmacogenomics of brain disorders
- Pharmacogenomics of metabolic and endocrine disorders
- Pharmacogenomics of gastrointestinal disorders
- Pharmacogenomics of lipid metabolism disorders
- Pharmacoepigenomics of pain
- Pharmacogenomics of psychotropic drugs
- Neurodegenerative disorders (Alzheimer, Parkinson, multiple sclerosis)
- Pharmacogenomics of antineoplastic drugs