Dynamics of Land Use/Land Cover Change and Ecosystem Service Provision in a Rapidly Changing World

A special issue of Land (ISSN 2073-445X). This special issue belongs to the section "Land Systems and Global Change".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2022) | Viewed by 27216

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Interests: land use/land cover change; ecosystem services; food security; ecological livability; urbanization
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Guest Editor
Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
Interests: land use/land cover change; agricultural extension and rural development; sustainable development in agriculture
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The urban–rural system is an economically, socially, and environmentally interlinked space. On a global scale, around 68% of the population is projected to live in urban areas by 2050. Exchanges and interactions between urban–rural and inter-regional areas become more intensive, especially concerning land, labor, water, and energy. As an irreplaceable natural resource, land not only has a market value, but also ecological and social functions. In the context of rapid urbanization, rural land with a lower marginal revenue would convert into construction land with a higher marginal revenue. Meanwhile, some land management practices, such as deforestation and agricultural tillage, which reduce carbon stocks, also lead to more carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions into the atmosphere. These changes potentially decrease food security and reduce the provision of ecosystem services, while also causing land degradation, biodiversity loss, and climatic change. Moreover, urbanization and demographic shifts alter the demand and supply structure for food and are a challenge for agricultural land use. To achieve a coordinating development between urban and rural areas, dynamic interactions of elements (land, water, food, and energy) within the urban–rural system and their ecological and social consequences need to be clarified.

For this Special Issue, our aim is to discuss the following topics: (1) to understand the ecological processes that drive ecosystem services and how these are affected by land use changes; (2) how to identify and quantify the specific contribution of the drivers of changes in an ecosystem service; (3) as an interlinked space, how does the urban–rural system respond to gains and losses in an ecosystem service? Papers may address topics including, but are not limited to:

1) Assessing the ecological and social consequences of land use/land cover changes;

2) Analyzing trade-offs and synergies between multiple ecosystem services;

3) Evaluating the influence of land use management on carbon dynamics (e.g., carbon storage, emission, and sequestration) and distributions across climate and environmental conditions;

4) Quantifying the contributions of urbanization to food system transformation and its impacts on agricultural land use and rural livelihoods;

5) Exchanges and interactions of the urban–rural metabolism;

6) Assessing ecosystem vulnerability and resilience of the urban–rural system.

Prof. Dr. Xiangzheng Deng
Prof. Dr. Shaikh Shamim Hasan
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • land use/land cover change
  • land productivity
  • ecosystem services
  • ecosystem carbon sequestration
  • carbon stocks and fluxes
  • food system transformation
  • urban–rural system
  • urban–rural metabolism

Published Papers (12 papers)

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Research

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15 pages, 13078 KiB  
Article
Evaluating Ecosystem Services for the Expansion of Irrigation on Agricultural Land
by Maurice G. Estes, Jr., James Cruise, Walter Lee Ellenburg, Rachel Suhs, Alexandria Cox, Max Runge and Adam Newby
Land 2022, 11(12), 2316; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11122316 - 16 Dec 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1366
Abstract
Managing water resources requires consideration of both environmental and socio-economic benefits to effectively balance the benefits and costs. This includes identifying ecosystem services (ES) of concern and how to evaluate the project or proposed changes effect on these ES. The purpose of this [...] Read more.
Managing water resources requires consideration of both environmental and socio-economic benefits to effectively balance the benefits and costs. This includes identifying ecosystem services (ES) of concern and how to evaluate the project or proposed changes effect on these ES. The purpose of this effort is to describe methods to evaluate ecosystem services to provide expanded irrigation to existing agricultural lands in Alabama and the potential application to other areas. A case study has been undertaken on the Middle Alabama watershed in central Alabama and methods have been developed and applied to evaluate ES in terms of how irrigated versus rainfed fields will affect sediment retention, fertilizer usage and the effect of the subsequent discharges of sediment and nitrogen from fertilizer on water quality. The results of case studies in the Middle Alabama watershed indicate positive ES benefits from sustainable agricultural practices and the irrigation of agricultural lands versus rainfed fields. We anticipate these methods will be applicable to other watersheds outside the southeast region too. Full article
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21 pages, 4341 KiB  
Article
The Impact of Cropland Use Changes on Terrestrial Ecosystem Services Value in Newly Added Cropland Hotspots in China during 2000–2020
by Tianyi Cai, Xueyuan Luo, Liyao Fan, Jing Han and Xinhuan Zhang
Land 2022, 11(12), 2294; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11122294 - 14 Dec 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1280
Abstract
The assessment of ecosystem services value is the basis for the realization of integrated management of these services. In recent decades, the hotspots of China’s newly added cropland have shifted to the Xinjiang oasis areas, where the ecological environment is relatively fragile. However, [...] Read more.
The assessment of ecosystem services value is the basis for the realization of integrated management of these services. In recent decades, the hotspots of China’s newly added cropland have shifted to the Xinjiang oasis areas, where the ecological environment is relatively fragile. However, the impact of changes in cropland use on the terrestrial ecosystem services value (TESV) in Xinjiang, China, has not been studied in depth, and it is related to the sustainability of the dynamic balance between China’s cropland and the sustainable management of natural resources in Xinjiang. This study focuses on Xinjiang and employs the benefit transfer method and five phases (2000, 2005, 2010, 2015 and 2020) of high-resolution and finely classified remote sensing monitoring data of land use to evaluate the impact of changes in cropland use on the TESV from 2000 to 2020. The findings suggest the following: (1) The cropland area in Xinjiang grew from 6.5682 million ha in 2000 to 8.9874 million ha in 2020, demonstrating significant expansion, and it has gone through four stages: rapid expansion, steady expansion, rapid expansion and relative stability. (2) A sharp mutual conversion trend is observed between cropland and other types of land use in Xinjiang. Grassland and unused land are the main sources of new cropland, while lost cropland has been mainly converted back into grassland and construction land. (3) During 2000–2020, although the extensive expansion of cropland and conversion of cropland mainly at the expense of ecological land in Xinjiang have significantly enhanced the provision services of the terrestrial ecosystem (539.49 million USD), ecosystem regulation services (−1508.47 million USD), support services (−1084.47 million USD) and cultural services (−565.05 million USD) experienced losses. Consequently, an overall loss in the TESV has ensued. This study provides new insights that help re-examine the sustainability issue of the spatial transfer of cropland in China, and it also offers guidance for the realization of the sustainable management of natural resources in Xinjiang. Full article
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22 pages, 5888 KiB  
Article
Land Use/Cover Change and Its Driving Mechanism in Thailand from 2000 to 2020
by Yiming Wang, Yunfeng Hu, Xiaoyu Niu, Huimin Yan and Lin Zhen
Land 2022, 11(12), 2253; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11122253 - 09 Dec 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 3763
Abstract
Land use/cover change (LUCC) research is important for regional ecological conservation and sustainable development. There is a lack of exploration of long-time-series dynamics and driving mechanisms at the national scale in the study of land use/cover change in Thailand. Based on the Global [...] Read more.
Land use/cover change (LUCC) research is important for regional ecological conservation and sustainable development. There is a lack of exploration of long-time-series dynamics and driving mechanisms at the national scale in the study of land use/cover change in Thailand. Based on the Global Land Cover product with Fine Classification System in 30m (GLC_FCS30) dataset and socioeconomic statistics, we studied the temporal and spatial evolution characteristics and driving mechanisms of LUCC in Thailand from 2000 to 2020 through indicators and methods such as land use dynamic attitude, mapping of a Sankey diagram, principal component analysis, and multiple linear stepwise regression analysis. The results showed that: (1) Thailand has developed in terms of agriculture and forestry. In 2020, the cropland and forest areas accounted for 53.77% and 32.15% of the land area, respectively. (2) From 2000 to 2020, the area of rainfed cropland, irrigated cropland, and forest continued to shrink; the area of impervious surfaces expanded rapidly, and the area of shrubland, other cropland, and wetlands increased. (3) The LUCC process mainly occurred in the two-way conversion between forest and shrubland, rainfed cropland and irrigated farmland, forest and rainfed cropland, and forest and other farmland. The LUC with the largest area transformed into other land types was forest (2.25 × 104 km2), and the LUC with the largest area transformed from other land types transferring into the area was shrubland (1.40 × 104 km2). (4) From 2000 to 2020, the LUCC process in Thailand was mainly influenced by socio-economics and tourism. Gross population, main grain output, industrial value added, passenger income, and urban population were the key factors driving the LUCC in Thailand. Our research can provide the basis and decision support for the future planning and management of land in Thailand. Full article
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15 pages, 3207 KiB  
Article
Spatial–Temporal Evolution of Ecosystem Service Value in Yunnan Based on Land Use
by Fuli Wang, Wei Fu and Jiancheng Chen
Land 2022, 11(12), 2217; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11122217 - 06 Dec 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 1272
Abstract
Exploring the changes in ecosystem service value (ESV) caused by land use transition is important for regional ecological protection. According to the land use data from 2000 to 2020, the alterations in the land use and ESV in Yunnan over the past 20 [...] Read more.
Exploring the changes in ecosystem service value (ESV) caused by land use transition is important for regional ecological protection. According to the land use data from 2000 to 2020, the alterations in the land use and ESV in Yunnan over the past 20 years were calculated and analyzed. At the same time, spatial autocorrelation analysis was established to analyze the spatial relationships of ESV in 16 states and cities. The results show that from 2000 to 2020, cultivated land, grassland and unused land are on a decreasing trend, while forest land, water body and built-up land are on an increasing trend, with the largest change in built-up land. The total ESV is on an increasing trend, with water supply, gas regulation, climate regulation, environmental purification and hydrological regulation being the highest value of individual services. Spatially, the total ESV showed that high levels were in the northwest, southwest and east, and low levels were in the northeast, west and central parts. At the same time, it shows a positive spatial correlation with a weakening trend. It is dominated by high–high cluster and low–low cluster. The change in the value of ecological services in forest land, grassland and water body have a greater impact on the change in total service value in the region, and was the main contributing and sensitive factor. Full article
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22 pages, 2833 KiB  
Article
The Coupling Coordination between the Competitiveness Level and Land Use Efficiency of Green Food Industry in China
by Zhongming Li, Wei Fu, Mingcan Luo and Jiancheng Chen
Land 2022, 11(12), 2116; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11122116 - 24 Nov 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1201
Abstract
With the development of the green food industry, land conflicts are gradually escalating, and the coordinated development of competitiveness level and land use efficiency is crucial to the green food industry. The competitiveness level of China’s green food industry at the provincial level [...] Read more.
With the development of the green food industry, land conflicts are gradually escalating, and the coordinated development of competitiveness level and land use efficiency is crucial to the green food industry. The competitiveness level of China’s green food industry at the provincial level between 2011 and 2020 was measured by constructing an index system using the entropy method and VlseCriterion Optimisation and Compromise Resolution (VIKOR) method, and then the land use efficiency was evaluated using the super efficiency Slacks-based Measurement (SBM) model, and the coupling coordination degree was analyzed using the coupling coordination model based on the results of both measurements. The results showed that the competitiveness level of the green food industry was “high in the west and low in the east”; most provinces and cities were with the middle competitiveness level. Land use efficiency generally showed a trend of rising and then falling and leveling off, and the average value of the three regions was ranked as eastern (1.13) > western (0.84) > middle (0.63). The mean value (0.82) of the overall coupling coordination in China floated at the boundary of high-quality coordination, and all three regions showed a trend of rising and then falling and leveling off, and the number of provinces and cities in high-quality coordination in China was shifting from the north to the south during 2011–2020. This study can provide theoretical support for the coordinated development between industrial development and land use, and provide feasible suggestions for the intensive and efficient use of resources. Full article
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16 pages, 4780 KiB  
Article
Response of Ecosystem Service Value to Spatio-Temporal Pattern Evolution of Land Use in Typical Heavy Industry Cities: A Case Study of Taiyuan City, China
by Xue Ding, Weijun Zhao, Tingting Yan and Lan Wang
Land 2022, 11(11), 2035; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11112035 - 13 Nov 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1258
Abstract
Ecosystem services value (ESV) has been one index of quantitative evaluation for the ecological livability of heavy industry cities in the new era, which is intimately relevant to patterns of spatio-temporal changes in land use. This study aims to reveal the response of [...] Read more.
Ecosystem services value (ESV) has been one index of quantitative evaluation for the ecological livability of heavy industry cities in the new era, which is intimately relevant to patterns of spatio-temporal changes in land use. This study aims to reveal the response of ecosystem service value in heavy industrial cities to the spatial-temporal evolution structure of land use and to analyze the cold and hot spots and sensitivity. In this study, Taiyuan was taken as an example, and Landsat images were adopted as the basic data. This study used intensity analysis, revised ESV, fishing nets, sensitivity analysis, and the methods of hotspot analysis and spatial overlay. The results showed as follows, (1) The characteristics of land use structure evolution mainly focus on the increase of construction land in the early and the rapid development stage of heavy industry cities. All land use types were partly transferred to construction land, but farmland was the main source, with the largest change intensity in the rapid development stage in Taiyuan; (2) The low-value zones of ESV were mostly distributed in the main urban area for construction and farmland, while the high-value zones were primarily distributed in the forestland and grassland. They were distributed in the Fenhe River valley, western and northern mountainous and hilly areas of Taiyuan. The total ESV continued to decline from 2003 to 2018, with a loss amount of RMB 29 million; (3) The patches of land use change were more and more broken, and the spatial distribution of the cold and hot spots was more and more dispersed. The cold and hot spots of ESV were concentrated in the eastern main urban area and its surrounding areas and expanded to the north and south; (4) The forestland was the most sensitive land factor of ESV. The study provides a theoretical method for land use planning, environmental governance, and ecological restoration in heavy industry cities in the new era. Full article
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32 pages, 8396 KiB  
Article
Valuation of Land-Use/Land-Cover-Based Ecosystem Services in Afghanistan—An Assessment of the Past and Future
by Omaid Najmuddin, Zhihui Li, Rabnawaz Khan and Weiqing Zhuang
Land 2022, 11(11), 1906; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11111906 - 26 Oct 2022
Cited by 11 | Viewed by 2484
Abstract
Being one of the weakest economies in the world, livelihoods in Afghanistan remain highly dependent on local ecosystem services. However, the risk of ecosystem services degradation in Afghanistan over the past two decades has significantly increased, mainly due to rapid changes in land-use [...] Read more.
Being one of the weakest economies in the world, livelihoods in Afghanistan remain highly dependent on local ecosystem services. However, the risk of ecosystem services degradation in Afghanistan over the past two decades has significantly increased, mainly due to rapid changes in land-use and land-cover (LULC). As such, policy makers must be able to estimate the impact of LULC changes on various ecosystem services. By utilizing GlobeLand30 land cover products for 2000, 2010 and 2020, and by adopting the value transfer method, this study assessed the ecosystem services value (ESV) changes in response to the changes of LULC in Afghanistan. Additionally, the dynamics of the land system (DLS) model was innovatively coupled with linear programming to predict likely scenarios of ESV changes by 2030. The predicted results were also validated against actual land cover and achieved a Kappa value of 0.78. The results showed that over the 20-year period, ecologically important LULC categories such as forest, water bodies and grassland were severely unstable and rapidly decreasing in scope. These LULC types were being threatened by agricultural, built-up and unused lands. During this period, we estimated a decrease in the total ESV from 161 billion USD in 2000 to 152.27 billion USD in 2020. About 92% of this decrease was shared by supporting and provisioning services. The simulated scenarios also showed that ESV will likely further decrease under Business-As-Usual (BAU), and Rapid Economic Development (RED) scenarios. Positively, an Environmental Protection (ENP) scenario is predicted, with a 4.5% increase in ESV by 2030. However, achieving this scenario requires the enforcement of strict environmental protection measures. Full article
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29 pages, 16672 KiB  
Article
Evolution Characteristics and Driving Mechanism of the Territorial Space Pattern in the Yangtze River Economic Belt, China
by Jia Zhao, Yuluan Zhao and Xiaopiao Yang
Land 2022, 11(9), 1447; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11091447 - 01 Sep 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2832
Abstract
Scientific understanding of the evolution law of territorial space patterns and the ability to reveal the formation mechanism hold great significance for the sustainable utilization of territorial resources and the high-quality green development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB). In this study, [...] Read more.
Scientific understanding of the evolution law of territorial space patterns and the ability to reveal the formation mechanism hold great significance for the sustainable utilization of territorial resources and the high-quality green development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB). In this study, we used the spatial chord diagram, landscape pattern index, and geographical probe to explore the evolution characteristics and formation mechanism of the territorial space pattern of the YREB from 2000 to 2020. The results showed the following: (1) The territorial space showed obvious geographical hierarchical distribution characteristics in the topographic gradient. Production and living space was dominant throughout the low and middle terrain region. Ecological space was dominant throughout the high-terrain regions. With the increase of altitude and slope, production and living space contracted, whereas ecological space areas expanded. (2) Since 2000, the territorial space has changed more dramatically. Over time, living space tended to increase, and production and ecological space tended to decrease, but ecological space was always dominant. In space, the geographical differentiation of territorial space was more obvious, and the pattern was relatively stable, with production space distributed primarily in the middle and lower reaches, living space distributed primarily in the lower reaches, and ecological space distributed primarily in the middle and upper reaches. The inter-transformation between territorial spaces was more frequent, and the transformation trajectory was diversified. (3) The fragmentation, heterogeneity, and dispersion of territorial space landscape patches throughout the whole region increased, and the balance and diversity of territorial space utilization improved. (4) Natural factors have continued to weaken the intensity of their effect on territorial space. Human factors gradually increased the extent of their interference in the territorial space. There are significant differences in the extent of the role of these different factors on the territorial space of the whole region and each basin. Natural and human factors jointly promoted the formation and development of the territorial space pattern. Full article
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11 pages, 1194 KiB  
Article
Influence of Anthropogenic Activities and Major Natural Factors on Vegetation Changes in Global Alpine Regions
by Yuxin Zhang, Juying Sun, Yafeng Lu and Xueqian Song
Land 2022, 11(7), 1084; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11071084 - 14 Jul 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1339
Abstract
Understanding vegetation changes and their driving forces in global alpine areas is critical in the context of climate change. We aimed to reveal the changing trend in global alpine vegetation from 1981 to 2015 using the least squares regression method and Mann-Kendall (MK) [...] Read more.
Understanding vegetation changes and their driving forces in global alpine areas is critical in the context of climate change. We aimed to reveal the changing trend in global alpine vegetation from 1981 to 2015 using the least squares regression method and Mann-Kendall (MK) test. The area-of-influence dominated by anthropogenic activity and natural factors was determined in an area with significant vegetation change by residual analysis; the primary driving force of vegetation change in the area-of-influence dominated by natural factors was identified using the partial correlation method. The results showed that (1) the vegetation in the global alpine area exhibited a browning trend from 1981 to 2015 on the annual scale; however, a greening trend was observed from May to July on the month scale. (2) The influence of natural factors was greater than that of anthropogenic activities, and the positive impact of natural factors was greater than the negative impact. (3) Among the factors that were often considered as the main natural factors, the contribution of albedo to significant changes in vegetation were greater than that of temperature, precipitation, soil moisture, and sunshine duration. This study provides a scientific basis for the protection of vegetation and sustainable development in alpine regions. Full article
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18 pages, 4936 KiB  
Article
Impacts of Historical Land Use Changes on Ecosystem Services in Guangdong Province, China
by Haizhen Chen, Yi Chen, Xiaosong Chen, Xingzhong Zhang, Haowei Wu and Zhihui Li
Land 2022, 11(6), 809; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11060809 - 30 May 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2029
Abstract
Assessing land use change and its impacts on ecosystem services is of great significance for optimizing land use management and enhancing ecosystem sustainability. This study explores land use changes and their impacts on five typical ecosystem services, namely grain production (GP), water yield [...] Read more.
Assessing land use change and its impacts on ecosystem services is of great significance for optimizing land use management and enhancing ecosystem sustainability. This study explores land use changes and their impacts on five typical ecosystem services, namely grain production (GP), water yield (WY), soil conservation (SC), habitat quality (HQ), and carbon sequestration (CS), during 1990–2020 using the Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Trade-offs (InVEST) model in Guangdong province, which has experienced substantial land use change. During the study period, cultivated land, forest land, grassland, water areas, built-up land, and unused land correspondingly had changed by −10.7%, −1.9%, −5.1%, 13.7%, 97.9%, and −38.8%. For ecosystem services, the GP, SC, and HQ averagely decreased by −8.66% (−12.3 t·km−2), −0.02% (−2 t·km−2), and−2.74% (−0.02), respectively, while WY and CS increased by 3.10% (22 mm) and 20.70% (515 t·km−2), respectively. Land use changes that had the greatest average negative impacts on GP, WY, SC, HQ, and CS were cultivated land to built-up land (−150.9 t·km−2), unused land to water areas (−1072 mm), grassland to unused land (−10,166 t·km−2), forest land to built-up land (−0.65), and forest land to water areas (−2974 t·km−2) respectively, and that had the greatest average positive impacts were grassland to cultivated land (78.8 t·km−2), water areas to built-up land (943 mm), unused land to forest land (3552 t·km−2), built-up land to forest land (0.40), and water areas to forest land (3338 t·km−2), respectively. The results indicated that land use and its changes had a significant impact on ecosystem services. Full article
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19 pages, 14627 KiB  
Article
Dynamics of Tree outside Forest Land Cover Development and Ecosystem Carbon Storage Change in Eastern Coastal Zone, Bangladesh
by Imranul Islam, Shenghui Cui, Muhammad Ziaul Hoque, Hasan Muhammad Abdullah, Kaniz Fatima Tonny, Minhaz Ahmed, Jannatul Ferdush, Lilai Xu and Shengping Ding
Land 2022, 11(1), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11010076 - 04 Jan 2022
Cited by 15 | Viewed by 2936
Abstract
Tree outside forest (TOF) has immense potential in economic and environmental development by increasing the amount of tree vegetation in and around rural settlements. It is an important source of carbon stocks and a critical option for climate change regulation, especially in land-scarce, [...] Read more.
Tree outside forest (TOF) has immense potential in economic and environmental development by increasing the amount of tree vegetation in and around rural settlements. It is an important source of carbon stocks and a critical option for climate change regulation, especially in land-scarce, densely populated developing countries such as Bangladesh. Spatio-temporal changes of TOF in the eastern coastal zone of Bangladesh were analyzed and mapped over 1988–2018, using Landsat land use land cover (LULC) maps and associated ecosystem carbon storage change by linking the InVEST carbon model. Landsat TM and OLI-TIRS data were classified through the Maximum Likelihood Classifier (MLC) algorithm using Semi-Automated Classification (SAC). In the InVEST model, aboveground, belowground, dead organic matter, and soil carbon densities of different LULC types were used. The findings revealed that the studied landscapes have differential features and changing trends in LULC where TOF, mangrove forest, built-up land, and salt-aquaculture land have increased due to the loss of agricultural land, mudflats, water bodies, and hill vegetation. Among different land biomes, TOF experienced the largest increase (1453.9 km2), and it also increased carbon storage by 9.01 Tg C. However, agricultural land and hill vegetation decreased rapidly by 1285.8 km2 and 365.7 km2 and reduced carbon storage by 3.09 Tg C and 4.89 Tg C, respectively. The total regional carbon storage increased by 1.27 Tg C during 1988–2018. In addition to anthropogenic drivers, land erosion and accretion were observed to significantly alter LULC and regional carbon storage, necessitating effective river channel and coastal embankment management to minimize food and environmental security tradeoff in the studied landscape. Full article
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Review

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18 pages, 3712 KiB  
Review
Research Progress on the Impact of Land Use Change on Soil Carbon Sequestration
by Hao Yu and Wei Song
Land 2023, 12(1), 213; https://doi.org/10.3390/land12010213 - 09 Jan 2023
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 3194
Abstract
Land use change is the most important driving factor of terrestrial carbon stock change. Soil is the largest carbon reservoir of terrestrial ecosystems, and the impact of land use change on soil carbon sequestration is related to major issues such as the global [...] Read more.
Land use change is the most important driving factor of terrestrial carbon stock change. Soil is the largest carbon reservoir of terrestrial ecosystems, and the impact of land use change on soil carbon sequestration is related to major issues such as the global warming process and food security. The research can provide a basis for land managers and policy makers to develop appropriate planning strategies for soil carbon sequestration management. Despite the widespread attention of relevant studies, macro reviews are still lacking. In order to objectively reveal the current situation of the research field, firstly this paper conducted a bibliometric analysis based on relevant papers in the Web of Science Core Collection database from 1985 to 2021. Secondly, we conducted a review study of land use change on soil carbon sequestration. The research results showed that: (1) the overall amount of the published literature in related fields showed an upward trend, and the development could be divided into three stages, growing slowly from 1985 to 1999, steadily from 2000 to 2009, and rapidly from 2010 to 2021. (2) From the perspective of national distribution, the published papers were mainly from the United States and China, which were much higher than those in other countries. There was mutual cooperation between research institutions in different countries and on a certain scale. (3) Since 2000, soil carbon sequestration has been more frequently mentioned in articles on land use change. Related research was mostly focused on exploring the impact of different land use types and different farming methods on soil organic carbon content in the context of global warming. Land use change and management among agricultural land, woodland, and grassland are the focus of research. The conversion of woodland to agricultural land and grassland is an important reason for the decrease in soil carbon sequestration. Corresponding management measures can be taken to improve soil carbon sequestration. Future research should use multidisciplinary technical means and methods to further explore the interaction mechanism between climate change, land use change, and soil carbon sequestration, so as to carry out more accurate prediction and assessment of different climate scenarios. Full article
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