Clinical Practice and Personalized Assessment in Sports Medicine

A special issue of Journal of Personalized Medicine (ISSN 2075-4426). This special issue belongs to the section "Clinical Medicine, Cell, and Organism Physiology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (10 May 2024) | Viewed by 1252

Special Issue Editors


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Faculty of Human Sciences, Education and Sport, Telematic University Pegaso, 80143 Napoli, Italy
Interests: sport; physical exercise; sport physiology; cortical excitability; transcranial magnetic stimulation
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Scientific evidence widely points to the efficacy of physical exercise to achieve a reduction in general mortality, especially cardiovascular-related mortality. It is also known that physical exercise, especially high-intensity exercise and in susceptible individuals, may be related to an increased risk of cardiovascular disorders, mainly sudden death (SD). Different organizations and international medical societies have proposed conducting a medical assessment prior to the practice of physical exercise, not only to assess athletes at risk of suffering SD but also to perform sports health screening. Although the need to carry out this assessment is widely acknowledged, there is currently no universally accepted consensus, mainly between European and American organizations, regarding how to implement it and what the content of this assessment should be, with different types of protocols available. A health assessment is a necessary medical act for anyone who intends to participate in a scheduled physical activity or a sport, whether recreational or competitive. This health assessment is necessary whenever high-performance athletes are involved. It is a more complex and costly assessment than that carried out in amateur sports since this population is subjected to more intense and demanding physical activity, besides significant public and media exposure; it is thus more than justified. In recent years, with the development of the Internet, intelligent hardware, and big data, wearable technology and personalized medicine has developed rapidly in various fields such as health care, education and culture, social networking, military and sport. Some of these technologies are becoming part of people’s daily life in the form of accessories such as smart watches, smart bracelets, armbands, and glasses. In the field of health care, wearable devices in the form of portable medical or health electronic devices that can be directly worn on the body can be used to perceive, record, analyze, regulate, and intervene to maintain health and can even be used to treat diseases with the support of various technologies for identification, sensing, connection, cloud services, and storage. In this Special Issue, we welcome both original papers, systematic reviews, narrative reviews and meta-analyses with a specific focus on sports medicine.

Dr. Fiorenzo Moscatelli
Prof. Dr. Giovanni Messina
Dr. Rita Polito
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • sports medicine
  • prevention
  • injury
  • physical performances
  • clinical examination
  • heart rate variability
  • cardiac desease

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

15 pages, 1021 KiB  
Article
Functional Characteristics and Coping Strategies among Rugby Athletes: A Cluster Analysis Approach
by Walter Sapuppo, Davide Giacconi, Vincenzo Monda, Antonietta Messina, Salvatore Allocca, Sergio Chieffi, Mariateresa Ricci, Ines Villano, Daniele Saccenti, Claudia Maria Mineo, Margherita Boltri, Marcellino Monda, Girolamo Di Maio, Antonietta Monda and Marco La Marra
J. Pers. Med. 2024, 14(3), 292; https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm14030292 - 9 Mar 2024
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Abstract
The developing domain of mental health in sports has gained much interest, acknowledging its pivotal role in athlete performance and well-being. The aim of this research is to provide a quantitative description concerning the levels of mental health, physical activity, cognitive fusion, cognitive [...] Read more.
The developing domain of mental health in sports has gained much interest, acknowledging its pivotal role in athlete performance and well-being. The aim of this research is to provide a quantitative description concerning the levels of mental health, physical activity, cognitive fusion, cognitive flexibility, and coping strategies that characterize rugby athletes by using a data-driven approach. A total of 92 rugby athletes took part in this study and filled out a set of self-administered questionnaires. A correlational analysis showed that general well-being was positively associated with years spent playing rugby (r = 0.23) and coping mechanisms (r = 0.29). Athletes’ well-being was also negatively correlated with cognitive inflexibility (r = −0.41) and cognitive fusion (r = −0.39). A k-means cluster analysis identified two unique groups: group 1, characterized by higher levels of psychological well-being, lower levels of physical activity, greater cognitive flexibility, improved coping techniques, and reduced cognitive fusion, and group 2, which exhibits opposite characteristics. The discrepancies observed in psychological characteristics such as coping strategies, cognitive fusion, and cognitive inflexibility highlight their potential impact on the general health of rugby players. To comprehend the complex interplay between psychological and physical elements in rugby athletes, long-term studies with larger samples are crucial. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clinical Practice and Personalized Assessment in Sports Medicine)
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