The 10th Anniversary of JMSE - Recent Advances in Section Marine Biology

A special issue of Journal of Marine Science and Engineering (ISSN 2077-1312). This special issue belongs to the section "Marine Biology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2023) | Viewed by 23884

Special Issue Editor

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

As Editor-in-Chief of the Section Marine Biology of JMSE, I am pleased to invite you to submit high-quality and relevant manuscripts on your research activities in marine biology for this special occasion in the Special Issue entitled “The 10th Anniversary of JMSE - Recent Advances in Section Marine Biology”. All research will be included in a book dedicated to the 10th anniversary of our journal. Manuscripts focusing on all the different main fields of marine biology are welcome: biology and ecology of marine organisms, conservation and management of marine species, pollution in the marine environment and bioindicators, biological invasions in the marine environment, taxonomy of marine organisms, fisheries research.

Dr. Francesco Tiralongo
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • marine biology
  • marine ecology
  • species conservation
  • marine pollution
  • biological invasions
  • taxonomy
  • fishery
  • marine species

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

22 pages, 1754 KiB  
Article
Modelling the Dynamics of Outbreak Species: The Case of Ditrupa arietina (O.F. Müller), Gulf of Lions, NW Mediterranean Sea
by Jennifer Coston-Guarini, François Charles and Jean-Marc Guarini
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2024, 12(2), 350; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse12020350 - 18 Feb 2024
Viewed by 1074
Abstract
An outbreak species exhibits extreme, rapid population fluctuations that can be qualified as discrete events within a continuous dynamic. When outbreaks occur they may appear novel and disconcerting because the limiting factors of their dynamics are not readily identifiable. We present the first [...] Read more.
An outbreak species exhibits extreme, rapid population fluctuations that can be qualified as discrete events within a continuous dynamic. When outbreaks occur they may appear novel and disconcerting because the limiting factors of their dynamics are not readily identifiable. We present the first population hybrid dynamic model that combines continuous and discrete processes, designed to simulate marine species outbreaks. The deterministic framework was tested using the case of an unexploited benthic invertebrate species: the small, serpulid polychaete Ditrupa arietina. This species is distributed throughout the northeast Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea; it has a life cycle characterised by a pelagic dispersive larval stage, while juveniles and adults are sedentary. Sporadic reports of extremely high, variable densities (from <10 to >10,000 ind.m2) have attracted attention from marine ecologists for a century. However, except for one decade-long field study from the Bay of Banyuls (France, Gulf of Lions, Mediterranean Sea), observations are sparse. Minimal formulations quantified the processes governing the population dynamics. Local population continuous dynamics were simulated from a size-structured model with a null immigration–emigration flux balance. The mathematical properties, based on the derived hybrid model, demonstrated the possibilities of reaching an equilibrium for the population using a single number of recruits per reproducer. Two extrapolations were made: (1) local population dynamics were simulated over 180 years using North Atlantic Oscillation indices to force recruitment variability and (2) steady-state population densities over the Gulf of Lions were calculated from a connectivity matrix in a metapopulation. The dynamics reach a macroscopic stability in both extrapolations, despite the absence of density regulating mechanisms. This ensures the persistence of D. arietina, even when strong, irregular oscillations characteristic of an outbreak species are observed. The hybrid model suggests that a macroscopic equilibrium for a population with variable recruitment conditions can only be characterised for time periods which contain several outbreak occurrences distributed over a regional scale. Full article
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21 pages, 2672 KiB  
Article
New Insight into the Genus Cladocroce (Porifera, Demospongiae) Based on Morphological and Molecular Data, with the Description of Two New Species
by Marco Bertolino, Carlo Cerrano, Giorgio Bavestrello, Do Cong Thung, Laura Núñez-Pons, Francesca Rispo, Jana Efremova, Valerio Mazzella, Daisy Monica Makapedua and Barbara Calcinai
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2023, 11(6), 1240; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse11061240 - 16 Jun 2023
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Abstract
During scientific expeditions in Indonesia and Vietnam, several sponge specimens belonging to the genus Cladocroce were collected. The integration of morphological and molecular analyses, incorporating species delimitation models (ABGD, ASAP, and bPTP) and phylogenetic approaches using three molecular markers (COI, 28S, and 18S–ITS1–5.8S–ITS2–28S), [...] Read more.
During scientific expeditions in Indonesia and Vietnam, several sponge specimens belonging to the genus Cladocroce were collected. The integration of morphological and molecular analyses, incorporating species delimitation models (ABGD, ASAP, and bPTP) and phylogenetic approaches using three molecular markers (COI, 28S, and 18S–ITS1–5.8S–ITS2–28S), allowed us to discriminate three congeneric species. Two of these species (C. burapha and C. pansinii sp. nov.) were supported by morphological and molecular data, whereas a third species (C. lamellata sp. nov.) was delimited by morphological data only. We formally describe two new species, C. pansinii sp. nov. and C. lamellata sp. nov. C. aculeata is a newly recorded species for Indonesia and the first documented finding after the original description. The re-examination of the type material of C. burapha, and indirectly the molecular approach, allowed us to confirm that C. burapha lives in sympatry with C. pansinii sp. nov. in Vietnam and with C. lamellata in Indonesia. Thanks to these findings, we relocated the paratype of C. burapha to the new species described here, i.e., C. pansinii sp. nov. Full article
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17 pages, 3469 KiB  
Article
Differing Responses of Three Scleractinian Corals from Phuket Coast in the Andaman Sea to Experimental Warming and Hypoxia
by Tarun Jain, Pimchanok Buapet, Long Ying and Mathinee Yucharoen
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2023, 11(2), 403; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse11020403 - 11 Feb 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 3562
Abstract
An unprecedented decline in the diversity and health of coral reefs is occurring around the world as they are threatened by multiple global and local stressors. Rising seawater temperature and low dissolved oxygen (DO) conditions are expected to intensify as a result of [...] Read more.
An unprecedented decline in the diversity and health of coral reefs is occurring around the world as they are threatened by multiple global and local stressors. Rising seawater temperature and low dissolved oxygen (DO) conditions are expected to intensify as a result of climate change. Understanding the responses of corals to these stressors is necessary for making predictions and devising mitigation strategies. The three coral species—Porites lutea, Montipora tuberculosa, and Pocillopora verrucosa—were sampled from Patong Bay, Phuket, Thailand, as representatives of different coral morphologies. Coral nubbins were subjected to experimental investigation under ambient conditions (29 °C, DO > 6 mgL−1), heat stress (32 °C), hypoxia (DO < 2 mgL−1), and heat stress + hypoxia treatments. Photosynthetic performance indicators Fv/Fm and Fv/F0 and physiological parameters Symbiodiniaceae density, pigment concentration, and growth rate were quantified. We found P. verrucosa (branching) to be the most sensitive and severely affected by heat stress or hypoxia, more so than P. lutea (massive) and M. tuberculosa (tabular). The combination of these stressors had less impact on these species, except for a decline in growth rate of M. tuberculosa. This study also suggests that the corals respond differently to high temperature and low oxygen, with their sensitivity depending on species. These responses, however, may differ according to the lighting, especially in hypoxic conditions. The results fill a research gap to help predict the vulnerability of these three coral species in shallow reef habitats under climate change scenarios. Full article
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