Application of CFD Simulations to Marine Hydrodynamic Problems

A special issue of Journal of Marine Science and Engineering (ISSN 2077-1312). This special issue belongs to the section "Ocean Engineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 April 2024) | Viewed by 5586

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Laboratoire Roberval, Sorbonne Université, Université de Technology de Compiègne, Centre de recherches Royallieu, CS 60319, CEDEX, 60203 Compiègne, France
Interests: hydrodynamics; fluid-structure interaction; computational fluid mechanics; environmental fluid mechanics; coastal engineering; ocean engineering
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent years, the applications of CFD simulations to marine hydrodynamics and marine engineering problems have grown considerably.

This Special Issue responds to the need for a textbook that unifies various issues on the applications of CFD simulations to marine hydrodynamics problems, and also to applications of fluid–structure interactions in coastal and ocean engineering. 

It must contain specialized research in computational fluid mechanics that includes a balanced approach between computational, empirical and theoretical methods, but in relation to marine, coastal or even river and waterway environments.

Dr. Peng Du
Prof. Dr. Abdellatif Ouahsine
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • marine hydrodynamics
  • fluid-structure interaction
  • computational fluid mechanics
  • environmental fluid mechanics
  • coastal engineering
  • ocean engineering
  • ship waves
  • waterway
  • waves hydrodynamics
  • naval hydrodynamics

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

19 pages, 4528 KiB  
Article
Fishing Vessel Bulbous Bow Hydrodynamics—A Numerical Reverse Design Approach
by Héctor Rubén Díaz Ojeda, Sebastian Oyuela, Roberto Sosa, Alejandro Daniel Otero and Francisco Pérez Arribas
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2024, 12(3), 436; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse12030436 - 29 Feb 2024
Viewed by 654
Abstract
Naval hydrodynamics typically focus on reducing ship resistance, which can be achieved by incorporating a bulbous bow. This feature is commonly used in the merchant fleet and smaller vessels, such as fishing boats, to minimize wave-making resistance. However, it is important to note [...] Read more.
Naval hydrodynamics typically focus on reducing ship resistance, which can be achieved by incorporating a bulbous bow. This feature is commonly used in the merchant fleet and smaller vessels, such as fishing boats, to minimize wave-making resistance. However, it is important to note that the use of a bulbous bow may not always be necessary or effective in all ship designs. In some cases, fishing ship designs may include a bulbous bow that is not optimized due to the use of procedures and methods intended for larger merchant ships or based on past experience. This study examines the effect of different bow designs, including the bulbous bow, on ship resistance in calm water, with a focus on a typical Argentinian trawler fishing vessel. The objective of this research is to assess the hydrodynamics of various designs for a particular ship by modifying its vessel lines. Firstly, the bulbous bow is removed, and then the reduction in ship resistance achieved by the bulbous bow under different load conditions and speeds is evaluated by comparing the vessel with and without the bulbous bow. The numerical analysis is performed using OpenFOAM, and the results are validated through towing tank experiments. This research indicates that the performance of the bulbous bow varies under different conditions. Therefore, it is recommended to conduct an initial study and a full evaluation of the design and operation alternatives. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of CFD Simulations to Marine Hydrodynamic Problems)
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25 pages, 7543 KiB  
Article
High-Order Spectral Irregular Wave Generation Procedure in Experimental and Computational Fluid Dynamics Numerical Wave Tanks, with Application in a Physical Wave Tank and in Open-Source Field Operation and Manipulation
by Young Jun Kim, Maxime Canard, Benjamin Bouscasse, Guillaume Ducrozet, David Le Touzé and Young-Myung Choi
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2024, 12(2), 227; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse12020227 - 26 Jan 2024
Viewed by 750
Abstract
The accurate generation of a target sea state in numerical or experimental wave tanks is a fundamental line of research for the ocean engineering community. It guarantees the quality and relevance of wave–structure interaction tests. This study presents a reproducible irregular wave generation [...] Read more.
The accurate generation of a target sea state in numerical or experimental wave tanks is a fundamental line of research for the ocean engineering community. It guarantees the quality and relevance of wave–structure interaction tests. This study presents a reproducible irregular wave generation and qualification procedure, accounting for the nonlinear aspects of wave propagation. It can be used for both numerical simulation and experiments. The presented numerical and experimental results are obtained from the OpenFOAM solver and the Ecole Centrale Nantes wave tank facilities, respectively. The procedure comprises two steps: First, the wavemaker motion is calibrated numerically to generate the target wave spectrum at the position of interest. This is achieved with a wavemaker-equipped nonlinear potential flow solver. The open-source HOS-NWT solver, based on the high-order spectral method, was employed in this study. Then, the corrected wavemaker motion is used directly in the experimental wave tank. OpenFOAM simulations were performed to generate waves with the relaxation method, using wave elevation and velocity field data from HOS-NWT. The procedure was finally tested for mild and extreme breaking sea states. The waves generated by the HOS-NWT solver, the experiment, and the OpenFOAM simulation were compared from both stochastic and deterministic perspectives. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of CFD Simulations to Marine Hydrodynamic Problems)
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15 pages, 3972 KiB  
Article
A Numerical Simulation Study and Effectiveness Evaluation on the Flow Field Effect of Trapezoidal Artificial Reefs in Different Layouts
by Xiaolong Chen, Xuan Che, Yin Zhou, Changfeng Tian and Xinfeng Li
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2024, 12(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse12010003 - 19 Dec 2023
Viewed by 606
Abstract
The combined release of artificial reefs in different quantities and arrangements leads to different flow field effects. This study designs a small trapezoidal artificial reef. To optimize the quantity and layout of these reefs, trapezoidal reefs in three different layouts were selected for [...] Read more.
The combined release of artificial reefs in different quantities and arrangements leads to different flow field effects. This study designs a small trapezoidal artificial reef. To optimize the quantity and layout of these reefs, trapezoidal reefs in three different layouts were selected for analysis at five different velocity gradients (0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 m/s). The effects of disposal spacing and layout on the flow field effect of trapezoidal artificial reefs at different flow velocities were simulated using Ansys Fluent. According to the findings: after simulation, flow velocity could indirectly reflect the distribution of upwelling and back eddy, the scale and strength of upwelling increased as flow velocity increased, and the back eddy showed no obvious variation with flow velocity. In transverse combination mode, both the scale and strength of the upwelling and back eddy were maximized when the reef spacing was 1.0 L; in longitudinal combination mode, upwelling and back eddy reached maximum scale and strength when the disposal spacing of the reefs was 1.5 L of a single reef. In 2020, flow mapping and fishery surveys were carried out in the engineering pilot area. The results showed that the number and species of fish populations with 1.5 L spacing in the vertical combination method were significantly higher than those in other forms, and the structure of the fish reef was stable without any flipping or sliding phenomenon. This study can provide a theoretical reference for the design and the actual deployment of artificial reefs to improve the ecological restoration of the water. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of CFD Simulations to Marine Hydrodynamic Problems)
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22 pages, 10796 KiB  
Article
Large Eddy Simulation of the Flow around a Generic Submarine under Straight-Ahead and 10° Yaw Conditions
by Mo Chen, Nan Zhang, Hailang Sun and Xuan Zhang
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2023, 11(12), 2286; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse11122286 - 01 Dec 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 803
Abstract
Aiming towards a better understanding of the flow field around a fully appended Joubert BB2 submarine model, and in order to complement the experimental investigations of the wake of the hydroplanes and sail, large eddy simulation (LES) with the dynamic Smagorinsky model was [...] Read more.
Aiming towards a better understanding of the flow field around a fully appended Joubert BB2 submarine model, and in order to complement the experimental investigations of the wake of the hydroplanes and sail, large eddy simulation (LES) with the dynamic Smagorinsky model was conducted. Three sets of grids with a maximum grid number of up to 228 million were designed to perform the LES simulation for the Joubert BB2 under 10° yaw conditions, with a freestream Reynolds number based on the local freestream velocity and a hull length of ReL = 2.2 × 107. Comparisons of the wake of the cruciform appendage were made with experiments to verify the computational accuracy and to examine the influence of the spatial resolution. A satisfactory result was more representative of the experiments with the improvement in grid spatial resolution. The evolution characteristics of three co-rotating vortices originating from the cruciform appendage under the most refined grid arrangement are further described in detail under straight-ahead and 10° yaw conditions. The comparison results show that, in the core-flow region, the resultant velocity, vorticity magnitude, and TKE were stronger and the wake was more complicated under 10° yaw conditions. Tip vortex tracking under 10° yaw conditions exhibited significant three-dimensional characteristics as the wake developed downstream. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of CFD Simulations to Marine Hydrodynamic Problems)
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25 pages, 15078 KiB  
Article
Parametric Design of a New Float-Type Wave Energy Generator and Numerical Simulation of Its Hydrodynamic Performance
by Yu Zhang and Dongqin Li
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2023, 11(11), 2192; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse11112192 - 17 Nov 2023
Viewed by 1134
Abstract
A novel float-type device for wave energy power generation, designed specifically for offshore wave environments, is introduced as an innovative technology in wave energy utilization. Herein, we present the design concept, structural composition, and energy conversion process of the device, and conduct mathematical [...] Read more.
A novel float-type device for wave energy power generation, designed specifically for offshore wave environments, is introduced as an innovative technology in wave energy utilization. Herein, we present the design concept, structural composition, and energy conversion process of the device, and conduct mathematical modeling and theoretical research on its kinematic and dynamic characteristics. At the same time, we use a numerical wave pool based on the STAR-CCM+ boundary wave making method and damping dissipation method to analyze the motion response and output power of the wave energy generator in a five-order Stokes wave environment within one wave cycle and the entire operating cycle. Finally, in order to develop the best design strategy, we study the effect of changing the structural parameters of the power generation device on the hydrodynamic performance of the device. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of CFD Simulations to Marine Hydrodynamic Problems)
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17 pages, 2077 KiB  
Article
Role of Shape and Kinematics in the Hydrodynamics of a Fish-like Oscillating Hydrofoil
by Siddharth Gupta, Atul Sharma, Amit Agrawal, Mark C. Thompson and Kerry Hourigan
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2023, 11(10), 1923; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse11101923 - 05 Oct 2023
Viewed by 895
Abstract
In the present two-dimensional numerical study, we investigate the roles of geometrical parameters of a hydrofoil (shape/curvature of the leading and trailing edges and thickness) and kinematic parameters (phase difference between heave and pitch (ϕ)) on the propulsive performance of different-shaped [...] Read more.
In the present two-dimensional numerical study, we investigate the roles of geometrical parameters of a hydrofoil (shape/curvature of the leading and trailing edges and thickness) and kinematic parameters (phase difference between heave and pitch (ϕ)) on the propulsive performance of different-shaped hydrofoils oscillating at maximum angles of attack up to αmax=30. The study was carried out at a fixed non-dimensional maximum heave to chord ratio h/C=0.75, Strouhal number St=0.25, and Reynolds number Re=5000. Our findings reveal that hydrofoil performance and stability improve with leading and trailing edge curvatures but decline as thickness increases. By analyzing the near-wake structure, we establish that even minimal flow separation increases power consumption while moderate flow separation enhances thrust. Over the range of different-shaped hydrofoils at different αmax and ϕ, maximum propulsion efficiency occurs for those parameters for which there is a small degree of flow separation but with no roll-up of a separating vortex. In comparison, maximum thrust generation occurs when there is a moderately strong flow separation but without induction of a significant amount of fluid around the trailing edge. These insights offer valuable knowledge for understanding fish propulsion efficiency and have applications in designing autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) and micro-air vehicles (MAVs). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of CFD Simulations to Marine Hydrodynamic Problems)
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