Quadrotor UAV with Advanced Applications

A special issue of Inventions (ISSN 2411-5134). This special issue belongs to the section "Inventions and Innovation in Advanced Manufacturing".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 November 2024 | Viewed by 9564

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Department of Electrical Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
Interests: automatic control; mechatronics; biomedical engineering
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent years, new applications of quadrotor unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) have constituted one of the most interesting fields of research due to its vertical take-off and landing capabilities, the simplicity of their construction, and the important technological advances in control, sensing, communication, and energy storage. The unique capabilities of the UAV, including high maneuverability, small size, and being easy to control, enable more and more applications. The major advantage of such vehicles over traditional helicopters is its fixed rotor propulsion mode. In general, its four rotors are aligned such that two rotors on opposite ends rotate in the same direction and the other two in the opposite direction. It is expected that next generation UAVs will be more autonomous, with better intelligence, exquisite functions and advanced performance in every aspect, all enabled by artificial intelligence (AI), advanced sensing devices, modern guidance and control systems, and design techniques.

Topics

From a methodological perspective, we are interested in works that go beyond traditional approaches. The topics encapsulate, but are not limited to, the following topics:

(1)   Flight control technique
(2)   Autonomous UAV
(3)   Applications in transportation, security, rescue, surveillance, photography, communication gateway, etc. 
(4)   Coordinated formation flight
(5)   Sensor and actuator
(6)   Vision system
(7)   New configuration

Prof. Dr. Chun-Liang Lin
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  • Quadrotor
  • UAV
  • Handling
  • Safety
  • Control
  • Guidance and Navigation

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

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15 pages, 4732 KiB  
Article
Detection and Analysis of Aircraft Composite Material Structures Using UAV
by Kuo-Chien Liao, Jian-Liang Liou, Muhamad Hidayat, Hung-Ta Wen and Hom-Yu Wu
Inventions 2024, 9(3), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions9030047 - 26 Apr 2024
Viewed by 740
Abstract
Pre-flight inspection and maintenance are essential prerequisites for aviation safety. This study focused on developing a real-time monitoring system designed to assess the condition of composite material structures on the exterior of aircraft. Implementing such a system can reduce operational costs, enhance flight [...] Read more.
Pre-flight inspection and maintenance are essential prerequisites for aviation safety. This study focused on developing a real-time monitoring system designed to assess the condition of composite material structures on the exterior of aircraft. Implementing such a system can reduce operational costs, enhance flight safety, and increase aircraft availability. This study aims to detect defects in aircraft fuselages manufactured from composite materials by applying image visual recognition technology. This study integrated a drone and an infrared camera for real-time image transmission to ground stations. MATLAB image analysis software (MATLAB 2020b) was used to analyze infrared (IR) images and detect structural defects in the aircraft’s appearance. This methodology was based on the inspection of damaged engine cowlings. The developed approach compares composite material conditions with known defects before and after repair, considering mechanical performance, defect size, and strength. Simultaneously, tests were conducted on various composite material panels with unknown defects, yielding favorable results. This study underscores an integrated system offering rapid detection, real-time feedback, and analysis, effectively reducing time, and potential hazards associated with high-altitude operations. Furthermore, it addresses blind spots in aircraft inspections, contributing to effective flight safety maintenance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quadrotor UAV with Advanced Applications)
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25 pages, 16209 KiB  
Article
Innovative Hybrid UAV Design, Development, and Manufacture for Forest Preservation and Acoustic Surveillance
by Gabriel Petre Badea, Tiberius Florian Frigioescu, Madalin Dombrovschi, Grigore Cican, Marius Dima, Victoras Anghel and Daniel Eugeniu Crunteanu
Inventions 2024, 9(2), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions9020039 - 10 Apr 2024
Viewed by 1116
Abstract
The research described in this paper focuses on the development of an innovative unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) tailored for a specific mission: detecting the acoustic signature emitted by chainsaws, identifying deforestation, and reporting its location for legality assessment. Various calculations were conducted to [...] Read more.
The research described in this paper focuses on the development of an innovative unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) tailored for a specific mission: detecting the acoustic signature emitted by chainsaws, identifying deforestation, and reporting its location for legality assessment. Various calculations were conducted to determine the optimal solution, resulting in the choice of a fixed-wing UAV. A comparative analysis between tri-rotor and quadcopter systems was performed, leading to the selection of the tri-rotor configuration. The primary objective of this study is to design an innovative hybrid UAV concept with key features including a fixed-wing design and integrated VTOL (vertical takeoff and landing) capability in the experimental model. The aircraft has been constructed using advanced materials such as fiber-reinforced polymer composites, manufactured using both conventional and advanced techniques like continuous fiber additive manufacturing and the use of a polymer matrix. Additionally, the aerodynamic configuration is optimized to achieve a cruise speed of approximately 50 km/h and a flight autonomy exceeding 3 h. The UAV has been equipped with payloads for mounting sensors to collect meteorological data, and crucially, the VTOL system has been optimized to vectorize thrust for improved performance during the transition from hover to cruise flight. This paper details the entire manufacturing and assembly process of the drone, covering both the structural framework and associated electrical installations. A dedicated sound detection system is incorporated into the drone to identify chainsaw noise, with the aim of preventing deforestation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quadrotor UAV with Advanced Applications)
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15 pages, 5199 KiB  
Article
Design of Small Unmanned Surface Vehicle with Autonomous Navigation System
by Georgii Kolev, Seyed Nima Tayarani Bathaie, Vyacheslav Rybin, Maksim Kulagin and Timur Karimov
Inventions 2021, 6(4), 91; https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions6040091 - 22 Nov 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 4747
Abstract
Maintaining ecosystems is one of the current leading public concerns. Some of the pressing problems that threaten water resources are pollution of water bodies with floating debris, illegal extraction of water resources, wear and tear of underwater communications. Therefore, the creation of special [...] Read more.
Maintaining ecosystems is one of the current leading public concerns. Some of the pressing problems that threaten water resources are pollution of water bodies with floating debris, illegal extraction of water resources, wear and tear of underwater communications. Therefore, the creation of special technical solutions is urgent. This paper reports a model-based design of an unmanned surface vehicle (USV), purposed to control and maintain the oxygen level and parameters such as acidity and the water temperature in rivers, lakes, inland waterways, and coastal waters. The developed USV navigation autopilot is described as a system with two inputs and one output. The autopilot selected is an adaptive controller based on the concept of proportional, integral, and derivative (PID). The autopilot is implemented on the STM32 microcontroller and allows precisely maintaining a given course, adjusting the speed and angle of rotation during wind drift and other influences. The new technique for sensor calibration and data acquisition is described. Simulation results are given, showing the performance of the autopilot algorithm in response to variations in the environment. The numerical experiments of the model have presented the result of confirming the sufficient correspondence between prototype characteristics and simulation results. Finally, thorough field trials were performed to verify the reliability and precision of the proposed solutions. The developed unmanned surface vehicle can be used for environmental monitoring (water sampling, hydrography, patrolling water areas). In turn, the solutions obtained will be suitable for the design of other USV of different sizes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quadrotor UAV with Advanced Applications)
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Review

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25 pages, 5681 KiB  
Review
Review of Key Technologies of Rotary-Wing Mars UAVs for Mars Exploration
by Pengyue Zhao, Ruihan Li, Peng Wu, Huan Liu, Xifeng Gao and Zongquan Deng
Inventions 2023, 8(6), 151; https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions8060151 - 29 Nov 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1963
Abstract
The sparse atmosphere on the surface of Mars provides the necessary flight conditions for Mars unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to perform low-altitude flights. This work presents a comprehensive overview of key technologies in the development of Mars UAVs, with a specific focus on [...] Read more.
The sparse atmosphere on the surface of Mars provides the necessary flight conditions for Mars unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to perform low-altitude flights. This work presents a comprehensive overview of key technologies in the development of Mars UAVs, with a specific focus on rotary-wing Mars UAVs. It summarizes prototypes of rotary-wing Mars UAVs developed by various global research institutions. It reviews essential technologies in rotary-wing Mars UAV research, including the Mars near-surface atmospheric environment, aerodynamic characteristics, and principles of low-pressure flight control. This work also summarizes various experimental setups and ground test results for rotary-wing Mars UAVs. Furthermore, it discusses the future development trends of rotary-wing Mars UAVs. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quadrotor UAV with Advanced Applications)
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