Special Issue "Invasive Arthropod Pests - Volume II"

A special issue of Insects (ISSN 2075-4450). This special issue belongs to the section "Insect Pest and Vector Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 August 2023 | Viewed by 2495

Special Issue Editors

Insect Management and Molecular Diagnostics, USDA-APHIS-PPQ-S&T, 22675 N Moorefield Rd., Edinburg, TX 78541, USA
Interests: invasive species; arthropod invasion; quarantine; virus-vector interactions; acari; molecular diagnostics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
Interests: biological control; invasive species; plant-arthropod interactions; invasive vectors physiology; invasive ants

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Invasive arthropod pests currently constitute a significant threat to food and fiber production and environmental sustainability. Several scientific disciplines synergistically contribute to advancing the understanding of arthropod invasions. The goal of this Second Special Volume is to provide the forum to discuss integrated, strategic, and front-line approaches to predict the potential for invasion (arrival) of, prevent the establishment of (eradication), or manage invasive arthropod pests.

For this issue, we invite authors to present proactive approaches to confronting invasive arthropod pests. We expect this volume to increase awareness of invasive species diversity, the suite of mechanisms and traits that allow them to successfully invade, and the scope of methods employed in their studies. It is essential to identify and evaluate the advantages and pitfalls of the current utilized approaches as well as investigator biases in their selection which could lead to delays in response and irreparable ecosystem damage. Certainly, more scientific expertise is needed globally for method development and integration of efforts to mitigate the negative impacts associated with growing cases of invasions and the subsequent degradation of ecosystems. This work will underscore the necessary skill set of the next generation of entomologists and ecologists facing the challenge of invasive arthropods while identifying common knowledge gaps and opportunities for collaborative research.

Prof. Dr. Jose Carlos Verle Rodrigues
Prof. Dr. Patricia V. Pietrantonio 
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Insects is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • invasive species
  • biological invasions
  • agroenvironmental pests
  • migration
  • behavior
  • modeling
  • population dynamics
  • reproductive physiology
  • chemical ecology
  • biological control
  • pheromones
  • monitoring
  • phenology
  • phytosanitary novel technologies (RF, radiation, plasma)

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Article
First Record of the Invasive Scale Insect, Pulvinaria hydrangeae Steinweden, 1946 (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Coccidae) in Romania
Insects 2023, 14(4), 345; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects14040345 - 31 Mar 2023
Viewed by 501
Abstract
Over the last few decades, globalization and global trade have increased the risk of the vehiculation of invasive organisms, which has had multiple negative effects, both economic and ecological. Through this study, we aimed to produce a report on the first record of [...] Read more.
Over the last few decades, globalization and global trade have increased the risk of the vehiculation of invasive organisms, which has had multiple negative effects, both economic and ecological. Through this study, we aimed to produce a report on the first record of the invasive scale insect Pulvinaria hydrangeae (Stein. 1946) in Brașov County in central Romania. It was found on two native tree species: sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus) and linden (Tilia cordata). In this paper, we (i) highlight the list of possible hosts, (ii) provide a general outlook on infestations and (iii) review the control options for this particular pest. Because early detection and quick reporting are the most important actions in the successful management of invasive species, in general, we also provide a synthetic morphological description of the adult female specimens and ovisacs. Due to natural occurrence, our findings highlight the potential risks posed by the infestation of this insect to native tree species belonging to the Acer and Tilia genera. Because of the temperate climate in Romania and the fact that females are wingless, the new infestations will probably be made through the vehiculation of infested plants, rather than through natural spreading. However, because of global warming, the chances of this species surviving during the winter are likely to increase, making northern expansion of the cottony hydrangea scale feasible. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Invasive Arthropod Pests - Volume II)
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Article
Factors Guiding the Orientation of Nymphal Spotted Lanternfly, Lycorma delicatula
Insects 2023, 14(3), 279; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects14030279 - 11 Mar 2023
Viewed by 730
Abstract
A mark–release–recapture experiment was conducted to evaluate the orientation of spotted lanternfly (SLF) Lycorma delicatula White (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) nymphs when released equidistant between two trees. The experiment was repeated weekly for eight weeks in a heavily infested area with mature tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima [...] Read more.
A mark–release–recapture experiment was conducted to evaluate the orientation of spotted lanternfly (SLF) Lycorma delicatula White (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) nymphs when released equidistant between two trees. The experiment was repeated weekly for eight weeks in a heavily infested area with mature tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle (Sapindales: Simaroubaceae) planted in rows as ornamental street trees in Beijing, China. One tree in each pair received a methyl salicylate lure, and the lure was rotated between trees every week as it aged. Two additional independent variables for each tree were also analyzed: size and SLF population density. Marked–released SLF significantly chose trees with higher SLF population density over trees with lower density populations, and they also chose larger trees significantly more than smaller trees. Population density and tree size were better predictors of attraction than lures, but when those factors were controlled, SLF significantly chose trees with methyl salicylate lures over control trees for the first 4 weeks of lure life. Wild SLF distribution was assessed weekly, revealing strong aggregation in first and second instars that diminished with development to the third and fourth instars. Thus, nymphal SLF aggregate, and orientation is strongly guided by the presence of other SLF and tree size. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Invasive Arthropod Pests - Volume II)
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Article
Synergistic Effect of Cold Treatment Combined with Ethyl Formate Fumigation against Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae)
Insects 2022, 13(8), 664; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects13080664 - 22 Jul 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 815
Abstract
Drosophila suzukii is a quarantine pest that is rapidly spreading in berries. This study evaluated the synergistic effect of combination treatment with ethyl formate (EF) and cold temperature for D. suzukii control on imported grapes. A higher insecticidal effect was observed at 1 [...] Read more.
Drosophila suzukii is a quarantine pest that is rapidly spreading in berries. This study evaluated the synergistic effect of combination treatment with ethyl formate (EF) and cold temperature for D. suzukii control on imported grapes. A higher insecticidal effect was observed at 1 °C than at 5 °C at all developmental stages, and the pupal stage showed the strongest tolerance to cold temperature. After EF fumigation alone, eggs showed the highest tolerance at 216.67 mg·h/L (LCT99 value), and adults showed the highest susceptibility at <27.24 mg·h/L. Among the combination treatment methods, cold temperature after fumigation resulted in the best synergistic effect. The effect of this combination was significant, with 23.3% higher mortality for eggs, 22.4% for larvae, and 23.4% for pupae than observed with EF fumigation alone. Furthermore, the period of complete D. suzukii control in the 12 L desiccator was shorter in the combination treatment group at the LCT80 value than at the LCT50 value of the egg stage. EF showed a very high sorption rate (24%) after 4 h of exposure at a grape loading ratio of 15% in a 0.65 m3 fumigation chamber. As the grape loading ratio for combination treatment decreased, D. suzukii mortality increased, but when EF was administered at the LCT80 value, there was little difference in the mortalities of the eggs and larvae but not the pupae. All D. suzukii developmental stages were completely controlled within 7 days after combination treatment, and phytotoxicity was not observed in grapes. These results suggest that the combination of cold-temperature treatment and EF fumigation could be used for D. suzukii control. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Invasive Arthropod Pests - Volume II)
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