Special Issue "Advances in Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 March 2024 | Viewed by 834
Interests: arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis; aquaporins; drought stress; plant-growth-promoting rhizo-bacteria; salt stress; root hydraulics
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The term Mycorrhiza comes from the Greek words "mycos", meaning fungus, and "rhiza", meaning root, and refers to a mutualistic symbiosis between roots of higher plants and a group of soil fungi belonging to the phyla Glomeromycota, Basidiomycota, or Ascomycota. Through this mutualistic association, the plant receives soil nutrients (especially phosphorus) and water, while the fungus receives a protected ecological niche and plant-derived carbon compounds for its nutrition. Among mycorrhizal symbioses, the so-called “Arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM)”is the most abundant type and is characterized by the fact that the fungal symbiont (arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus or AMF) colonizes the cortical cells in the roots of vascular plants and forms special structures called arbuscules, in which takes place the exchange of nutrients and compounds between both symbiotic partners. AM fungi occur in the majority of natural habitats and provide a range of important ecological services, in particular by improving plant nutrition, biotic and abiotic stress resistance and tolerance, and soil structure and fertility.
This Special Issue aims to reveal the current state and recent advancements in the understanding of arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis from genetic, epigenetic, biochemical, physiological, and ecological perspectives. Understanding the future potential and limits of this symbiosis will enhance the use of AM fungi for improving plant performance and productivity, mainly under adverse environmental conditions. This issue aims to cover the function of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbioses, especially in the interplay between direct nutrient element uptake via plant roots and uptake via the AM fungal pathway. Additionally, understanding the role of the AM symbiosis in facing the adverse effects of the current climate change scenario is a main objective of this Special Issue. Original research, review, methods, perspective, and opinion articles are all welcome.
Dr. Juan Manuel Ruiz Lozano
Manuscript Submission Information
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- arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbioses
- arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
- mutualistic association
- plant nutrition
- biotic and abiotic stress resistance