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Special Issue "Protein Folding 2.0"

A special issue of International Journal of Molecular Sciences (ISSN 1422-0067). This special issue belongs to the section "Biochemistry".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2023 | Viewed by 1105

Special Issue Editor

1. Institute of Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
2. Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
Interests: protein folding; protein aggregation; protein design; high-throughput screening; bioinformatics; amyloids; Parkinson; nanomaterials; phase separation; prions; drug discovery
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue is a continuation of our previous successful Special Issue “Protein Folding”.

Protein folding is among the most complex and challenging processes in biochemistry. After synthesis at the ribosome, most polypeptides must fold into their specific three-dimensional structures before they can exert any biological function. Only properly folded conformers can interact specifically with their molecular targets. Therefore, protein folding is central to many biological processes. It has long been known that the functional structure of a protein is coded by its primary one-dimensional amino acid sequence. Although the molecular mechanisms behind the folding code are not yet completely understood, we have witnessed significant advances towards this goal in recent years, resulting not only from the development of new experimental approaches and sophisticated prediction methods, but also arising from new ways of thinking about protein folding and dynamics. Folding within biomembranes, multi-domain protein folding, folding in the cell, molecular chaperone-assisted folding and the dynamics of intrinsically disordered proteins are among the newest and most active areas of research. Although protein folding and dynamics are behind virtually all cell reactions, ranging from transcription to motion, it is the link to human disease that has placed this subject in the public eye. Protein misfolding and subsequent aggregation have been shown to underlie dozens of human disorders. In order to elucidate the ways that misfolded proteins cause aggregation and cytotoxicity, it is necessary to better understand and predict protein folding. Thus, in a scientific environment that promotes technology transfer, it is encouraging to learn that the first principles approach holds the clue for therapeutic interventions in devastating disorders such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease. The aim of this Special Issue is to illustrate frontier research in protein folding through selected works on this topic.

Prof. Dr. Salvador Ventura
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Molecular Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. There is an Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal. For details about the APC please see here. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • amyloid
  • calorimetry
  • chaperones
  • crowding and folding
  • downhill folding
  • energy lanscape
  • folding in biomembranes
  • folding in the cell
  • folding intermediates
  • folding kinetics
  • intrinsically disordered proteins
  • molecular dynamics simulation of folding
  • oxidative folding
  • protein aggregation
  • protein folding and design
  • protein folding and docking
  • protein folding and evolution
  • protein misfolding
  • single molecule folding
  • transition state analysis

Related Special Issue

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Glutaryl-CoA Dehydrogenase Misfolding in Glutaric Acidemia Type 1
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2023, 24(17), 13158; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms241713158 - 24 Aug 2023
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Glutaric acidemia type 1 (GA1) is a neurotoxic metabolic disorder due to glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) deficiency. The high number of missense variants associated with the disease and their impact on GCDH activity suggest that disturbed protein conformation can affect the biochemical phenotype. We [...] Read more.
Glutaric acidemia type 1 (GA1) is a neurotoxic metabolic disorder due to glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) deficiency. The high number of missense variants associated with the disease and their impact on GCDH activity suggest that disturbed protein conformation can affect the biochemical phenotype. We aimed to elucidate the molecular basis of protein loss of function in GA1 by performing a parallel analysis in a large panel of GCDH missense variants using different biochemical and biophysical methodologies. Thirteen GCDH variants were investigated in regard to protein stability, hydrophobicity, oligomerization, aggregation, and activity. An altered oligomerization, loss of protein stability and solubility, as well as an augmented susceptibility to aggregation were observed. GA1 variants led to a loss of enzymatic activity, particularly when present at the N-terminal domain. The reduced cellular activity was associated with loss of tetramerization. Our results also suggest a correlation between variant sequence location and cellular protein stability (p < 0.05), with a more pronounced loss of protein observed with variant proximity to the N-terminus. The broad panel of variant-mediated conformational changes of the GCDH protein supports the classification of GA1 as a protein-misfolding disorder. This work supports research toward new therapeutic strategies that target this molecular disease phenotype. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Protein Folding 2.0)
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