Special Issue "Molecular Mechanisms of Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2023 | Viewed by 1770
Interests: plant ecophysiology; biotic stress; abiotic stress; photosynthesis; antioxidative mechanisms; photoprotective mechanisms; mineral nutrition; ROS
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During their life cycle, plants are continuously exposed to various abiotic stress factors that negatively influence plant growth and development and crop productivity. However, plants have developed several dynamic approaches at the morphological, physiological, and biochemical levels, permitting them to avoid and/or tolerate abiotic stresses. Avoidance mechanisms are mainly morphological and physiological adjustments that provide an escape of the abiotic stress factor. In the case of drought stress, these adjustments involve an increased root system, increased leaf thickness, decreased leaf area, reduced stomatal number and conductance, and leaf rolling or folding to minimize evapotranspiration. Drought tolerance traits are correlated with the maintenance of the plant water status throughout osmotic adjustment by the accumulation of osmolytes that help the plants to preserve their water status, as well as to acclimate to water deﬁcit. The impact of abiotic stress factors on plants depends on the intensity, frequency, and duration of the stress, as well as on the plant species.
Despite the various studies which have aimed to elucidate the mechanisms of plant tolerance to abiotic stress factors, the exact molecular mechanisms are not yet fully understood. Therefore, in order evaluate the main reasons of crop yield reduction and food production worldwide, we need to illuminate the molecular mechanisms of plant abiotic stress tolerance to various stresses, such as drought, temperature, salinity, nutrient deficiency, light intensity, heavy metals, UV radiation, etc., as well as their influence on the growth, physiology, biochemistry, and photosynthesis of the plant species.
This Special Issue of IJMS will highlight the molecular mechanisms of plant tolerance to abiotic stresses and thus contribute to a better understanding of plant responses to stress factors that can help in the development of realistic interventions for increasing agricultural productivity.
Scientists from all over the world are invited to submit original research and review articles on all aspects of plant physiology and development, from growth, water relations, nutrition, photosynthesis, and related plant physiological processes to changes in metabolism using all omic techniques (ionomics, metabolomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, genomics, etc.).
Prof. Dr. Michael Moustakas
Manuscript Submission Information
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- high–low temperature
- high–low light intensity
- nutrient deficiencies
- heavy metals
- UV radiation
- photosynthetic efficiency
- antioxidant mechanisms
- redox regulation