Determinants of Social Inequalities in Health: New Perspectives for Policies Intervention
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2022) | Viewed by 12334
Interests: community dentistry; oral epidemiology; public health; cariology; oral health prevention; pediatric dentistry
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Interests: determinants of health; public health studies; sociodemographic factors; work-related stress; health inequality disease
Inequalities in health and longevity by socioeconomic position have been observed for decades. This inverse and graded relationship in individuals is consistently observed both with educational and occupational status and is commonly known as the social gradient in health and disease. Although overall life expectancy and quality has increased over the past few decades, social differences in health and longevity have widened rather than declined in modern affluent societies.
The detrimental effect of poor social conditions on health operates through various mediating pathways, including unfavourable working conditions and economic hardship, decreased psychosocial resources, unhealthy lifestyle, environmental exposures, and access to care. It has been conceptualized under the notions of biological embedding or social-to-biological transitions that adverse social exposures may ultimately affect various biological processes related to health and survival, such as systemic inflammation, allostatic load, immune response, and epigenetic modifications. Additionally, recent evidence indicates that the unfavourable effects of low social conditions may be gender dependent.
To improve current knowledge on the determinants of social inequalities in health and understanding causality is crucial to develop public health policies, aiming to reduce social gradient in health and longevity. Researchers are strongly encouraged to submit research papers that can improve current knowledge in the field.
Prof. Dr. Guglielmo Campus
Prof. Dr. Giuliana Solinas
Dr. Giovanni Fiorito
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- socio-economic disparities
- public health studies
- health policies
- oral health