Special Issue "New Advances in Nutrition and Chronic Non-communicable Diseases"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 July 2023) | Viewed by 11255
Interests: human nutrition; renal nutrition; nutrition in metabolic syndrome; natural bioactive compounds; oxidative stress; body composition
Interests: chronic kidney disease; endothelial dysfunction; oxidative stress biomarkers; renal resistive index; arterial hypertension; nutrition in chronic non-communicable diseases; gut microbiota; natural bioactive compounds
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Special Issue in Biomedicines: Vascular Function in Chronic Non-communicable Diseases
Special Issue in Biomedicines: Vascular Function in Chronic Non-communicable Diseases 2.0
Special Issue in Applied Sciences: Oral Health and Chronic Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
It has been known for many years that eating habits and physical activity influence human health, as well as have an impact on gut microbiota composition. Numerous studies have shown that the consumption of red meat, saturated fats and salt increase the risk of onset and progression of chronic non-communicable diseases such as arterial hypertension, renal failure, metabolic syndrome, obesity, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, headache, etc. Among the new advances in the nutritional field, a primary role is exerted by natural bioactive compounds—in particular, by polyphenols, omega-3 fatty acids and vitamins. These compounds positively impact both oxidative stress and inflammatory state directly or through the gut microbiota modulation. In fact, the latter, through the release of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), is able to influence the host health by modulating the immune system and the gut permeability. An impaired release of SCFAs induces an alteration of gut permeability and, consequently, a gut bacteria translocation into the bloodstream, contributing to the development of an inflammatory state, characterized by the increased production of inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a and interleukin (IL)-6, and the activation of T helper 17 lymphocytes.
Dr. Giulia Marrone
Prof. Dr. Annalisa Noce
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- gut dysbiosis
- chronic non-communicable diseases
- Western diet
- cardiovascular diseases
- chronic kidney disease
- natural bioactive compounds
- physical activity