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Health Impact of Physical Activity on Injury Rehabilitation and in Treatment of Chronic Diseases

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Exercise and Health-Related Quality of Life".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2024 | Viewed by 6688

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Department of Sports Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Pomorska 251, 92-213 Lodz, Poland
Interests: sports science; sports medicine; exercise science; health promotion; physical education; bioreactors

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

There is strong evidence that physical activity (PA) has a positive influence on health and quality of life. It is also a useful instrument in the non-pharmacological treatment of numerous chronic diseases and rehabilitation of injuries. Although the importance of kinesiotherapy in injury rehabilitation is well-known, there are certain disciplines that have not been analysed in terms of injury occurrence and exercise effectiveness. In addition, there are many new diseases recognized year on year, in which physical activity might also be an effective tool if a training plan is established. The COVID-19 pandemic is responsible for a surge in mental health disorders and obesity, so new health promotion interventions and physical approaches need to be explored. Therefore, the purpose of this Special Issue is to gain critical insight to address gaps in the evidence and to present new approaches to PA and its treatment possibilities.

Dr. Anna Lipert
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • physical activity
  • injury
  • rehabilitation
  • sport
  • treatment
  • training
  • intervention
  • approach
  • health promotion
  • chronic disease

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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15 pages, 2141 KiB  
Article
The Impact of Controlled Physical Training with Hydrotherapy on Changes in Swelling and Claudication Distance in Patients with Atherosclerotic Ischemia of the Lower Limbs
by Joanna Kapusta and Robert Irzmański
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(23), 15715; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192315715 - 25 Nov 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2114
Abstract
Background: Patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) often experience intermittent claudication. It is manifested by pain typically seen in the distal part of the legs during walking, which impairs the ability to walk, limits physical activity and results in lower health-related quality of [...] Read more.
Background: Patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) often experience intermittent claudication. It is manifested by pain typically seen in the distal part of the legs during walking, which impairs the ability to walk, limits physical activity and results in lower health-related quality of life. It often leads to chronic ischemic pain, ulceration and even amputation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of controlled physical training and whirlpool massage on changes in circuits, range of motion and distance of claudication in people with atherosclerotic ischemia of the lower limbs. Material and methods: The study included 100 patients, males and females aged 39 to 79 years, with peripheral circulation disorders of the lower limbs. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups. Group I (G) was treated with a series of 10 lower-limb whirling massages and took part in individually planned training, including breathing, relaxation and active free lower-limb exercises. Group II-control group (GC) took part only in individually planned training. Prior to the treatment procedures and after their completion, the ranges of movement of the ankle joint and the circumference of the lower limbs were measured and the corridor test (6MWT, six-minute walk test) was performed. Results: Statistically significant reduction in the circumference of the foot, ankle, calf and thigh in the G group was noticed. Both, in G and in GC group, a statistically significant increase in the range of dorsiflexion of the foot was found in comparison to the period before the procedures (p = 0.010; p = 0.006, respectively). There was also a statistically significant increase in the range of motion of the plantar flexion of the foot after the procedures in G (p = 0.007) and in GC (p = 0.048). Differences in the circumference of the lower limbs and the range of ankle joint movements between the study group and the control group before and after the therapy were not statistically significant. However, there was a statistically significant difference between these groups after the procedures in the 6-min walk test—significantly higher values of 6MWT were recorded in group G (p = 0.003). Conclusions: Individually planned training, supplemented with hydrotherapy as thermal therapy, has a beneficial effect on reducing swelling of the lower limbs, increasing the range of foot movements and extending the distance in the 6-min walk test. Full article
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9 pages, 1196 KiB  
Article
Feasibility of an Upper Limb Strength Training Program in Persons with Spinal Cord Injury during Primary Rehabilitation—An Uncontrolled Interventional Study
by Claudio Perret, Jolien De Jaegher and Inge-Marie Velstra
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(22), 14743; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192214743 - 9 Nov 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1775
Abstract
Data concerning the outcomes of standardized strength-training programs in people with acute spinal cord injury (SCI) are scarce. The present study evaluated the feasibility and effects of a clinic-internal strength-training concept in people with paraplegia during the course of primary rehabilitation. For this [...] Read more.
Data concerning the outcomes of standardized strength-training programs in people with acute spinal cord injury (SCI) are scarce. The present study evaluated the feasibility and effects of a clinic-internal strength-training concept in people with paraplegia during the course of primary rehabilitation. For this purpose, participants followed a 10–12 week standardized supervised strength-training program (30 training sessions) during primary rehabilitation. At the beginning, 5–6 weeks and 10–12 weeks later, maximal strength based on indirect one-repetition maximum (1RM) measurements for two specific exercises (triceps press; horizontal rowing pull) was determined. Twelve out of 17 participants successfully completed the study. Maximal weights for 1RM significantly increased over the 10–12 week training program for the triceps press (+30%; p = 0.018) and the horizontal rowing pull (+41%; p = 0.008). Training compliance was 95%. Reasons for study exclusion were urgent surgery (n = 2), cardio-respiratory complications (n = 1), shoulder pain (n = 1) and a training compliance of less than 50% (n = 1). In conclusion, a supervised and standardized strength-training program during primary rehabilitation of people with paraplegia is feasible and leads to significant increases in maximal strength. Although study participants showed a high training compliance, factors such as medical complications may impede the proper implementation of a strength-training concept into daily clinical practice. Full article
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Review

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13 pages, 568 KiB  
Review
Functional Therapeutic Strategies Used in Different Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease—A Systematic Review
by Anna Olczak, Aleksandra Truszczyńska-Baszak, Adam Stępień and Krzysztof Górecki
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(18), 11769; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191811769 - 18 Sep 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2120
Abstract
As Alzheimer’s disease develops, the central nervous system is gradually damaged. It is manifested by progressive dementia and the appearance of neurological and extrapyramidal symptoms that impair everyday functioning. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of physical exercise on [...] Read more.
As Alzheimer’s disease develops, the central nervous system is gradually damaged. It is manifested by progressive dementia and the appearance of neurological and extrapyramidal symptoms that impair everyday functioning. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of physical exercise on cognitive and motor functions in various stages of Alzheimer’s disease. Methods: Four databases (PubMed, Scopus, Ovid, and Cochrane Library) were searched for relevant papers published between 2012 and May 2022. The works were assessed in terms of the adopted inclusion criteria. The measures of the results were changed in the parameters assessing motor and cognitive functions. Methodological quality was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration. This review was recorded with the Cochrane Library: CRD42022340496. The results of the database search showed 302 articles, 12 of which were included in the review. All studies have shown a significant positive effect on improving cognitive and motor functions. This systematic review revealed a beneficial effect in improving cognitive and motor functions after the application of various kinds of activities, especially in the early and mild stages of Alzheimer’s disease. Full article
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