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Sport and Exercise Injury

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Exercise and Health-Related Quality of Life".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (5 June 2024) | Viewed by 11850

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Observational Research Group, Faculty of Education and Sport, University of Vigo, 36005 Pontevedra, Spain
Interests: observational methodology; t-pattern; judo; racket sports; team sports; sport and exercise injury
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Observational Research Group, Faculty of Education and Sport, University of Vigo, 36005 Pontevedra, Spain
Interests: observational methodology; combat sports; judo; t-pattern; sport and exercise injury
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent years, there has been a proliferation of scientific publications demonstrating the importance of recording data associated with sports injuries as a mechanism for subsequent prevention protocols. It has been shown that injuries in sportsmen and women represent large losses of millions of dollars for clubs. For this reason, the emergence of professional figures dedicated to the analysis of data in a multidisciplinary work in harmony with other health professionals of sports entities such as doctors, physical trainers or physiotherapists is becoming increasingly frequent.

The epidemiology of the injury itself, identification, treatment, the process of returning to top-level competition and prevention are fundamental aspects in this field of knowledge that will allow the reduction in time off work for sportsmen and women.

This Special Issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health offers the opportunity to publish multidisciplinary research on injuries. We are interested in high-quality original research and review papers in different sports.

You may choose our Joint Special Issue in Healthcare.

Dr. Iván Prieto-Lage
Dr. Alfonso Gutiérrez-Santiago
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • sports injuries
  • exercise injuries
  • team sports
  • individual sports
  • combat sports
  • racket sport
  • rehabilitation
  • injury risk
  • injury rate

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

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12 pages, 365 KiB  
Article
Match Injuries in the Spanish Rugby Union Division de Honor
by Roberto Murias-Lozano, Francisco Javier San Sebastián-Obregón, Henar Lucio-Mejías, José Carlos Saló-Cuenca, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, José Luis Maté-Muñoz and Pablo García-Fernández
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(19), 11861; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191911861 - 20 Sep 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1251
Abstract
Objective: To describe the injury rate, severity, cause, anatomical location (tissue damaged), recurrence, place and time during matches throughout a season in the Spanish Rugby Union Division de Honor. Methods: Observational, prospective and descriptive study conducted in the competition of the Spanish División [...] Read more.
Objective: To describe the injury rate, severity, cause, anatomical location (tissue damaged), recurrence, place and time during matches throughout a season in the Spanish Rugby Union Division de Honor. Methods: Observational, prospective and descriptive study conducted in the competition of the Spanish División de Honor de Rugby with 258 players. The data were reported by the medical services of the previously formed clubs. Results: Total exposure was 4100 h, during which 220 injuries occurred. The average number of sick days was 36.8. The total injury rate was 53.6 injuries/1000 h of exposure. Three quarters suffered 93 injuries and the forwards sustained a total of 127 injuries, with a total of 48.6 and 58.1 injuries/1000 h of exposure, respectively. Moderate injuries were the most frequent. Specifically, ligament injury was the most frequent, and dislocation was the injury that caused the most sick days. The most injuries occurred in the third quarter of the match, and the most serious injuries occurred in the second quarter. Conclusions: The injury rate of Spanish rugby competitors is 53.6 injuries/1000 match hours, with an average of 36.8 sick days. Contact injuries are the most frequent, taking place especially when tackling or being tackled. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sport and Exercise Injury)
17 pages, 724 KiB  
Article
Analysis of Injury Patterns in Men’s Football between the English League and the Spanish League
by Juan Carlos Argibay-González, Christopher Vázquez-Estévez, Alfonso Gutiérrez-Santiago, Adrián Paramés-González, Xoana Reguera-López-de-la-Osa and Iván Prieto-Lage
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(18), 11296; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191811296 - 8 Sep 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2285
Abstract
Background: Injuries in professional football lead to reduced team performance and large financial losses. The aim of this study was to analyse injuries in the two best team competitions in the world (LaLiga and Premier League), establishing similarities and differences, as well as [...] Read more.
Background: Injuries in professional football lead to reduced team performance and large financial losses. The aim of this study was to analyse injuries in the two best team competitions in the world (LaLiga and Premier League), establishing similarities and differences, as well as determining injury causation patterns. Methods: A total of 277 on-field injuries requiring a substitution were analysed (142 in the Spanish league and 135 in the English league). The analysis was performed using traditional statistical tests (frequency analysis, chi-square test) with SPSS 25 and a T-Patterns sequence analysis with THEME 5.0. Results: In the Spanish league, there were a similar number of injuries in the first part of the season as in the second part of the season, while in the English league, they are more frequent in the first part of the season. In the Spanish league, injuries are more frequent in the first half of the match, while in the English league, they are more frequent in the second half. The type of player most frequently injured was the defender. Most of the injuries occurred without the presence of an opponent. The accumulated minutes during the season affect injuries of the muscular type. Conclusions: The most common type of injury in both leagues was a strain, followed by a sprain and a contusion. Although common injury patterns can be established between the two leagues, there are notable differences. One of the factors is determined by the English league calendar (many matches at Christmas). In Spain, there were more muscular injuries that were not caused by the opponent, while in England there were more tackling injuries. Age is a risk factor in the Spanish league. In this league, there is a moderately significant relationship between the number of injuries and the points won. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sport and Exercise Injury)
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9 pages, 1067 KiB  
Article
Mechanisms of Sports Concussion in Taekwondo: A Systematic Video Analysis of Seven Cases
by Sunghe Ha, Min Jin Kim, Hee Seong Jeong, Inje Lee and Sae Yong Lee
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(16), 10312; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191610312 - 19 Aug 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2101
Abstract
Sports-related traumatic brain injuries are the most common injury in adolescents and young adults due to recurrent concussion experiences and head shock. Therefore, this study was designed to describe player characteristics and situational factors associated with concussions in the World Taekwondo Championships using [...] Read more.
Sports-related traumatic brain injuries are the most common injury in adolescents and young adults due to recurrent concussion experiences and head shock. Therefore, this study was designed to describe player characteristics and situational factors associated with concussions in the World Taekwondo Championships using systematic video analysis. Athlete injury data were collected using a web-based injury surveillance system at the World Taekwondo Championships organized by World Taekwondo from 2017 to 2019. Seven video footage were independently analyzed by four analysts using a modified Heads-Up Checklist. Descriptive statistical analysis was used. The incidence of concussion was 3.21 per 1000 games. Most players with concussions were shorter than their opponents, and most concussions were caused by a roundhouse kick on the front of the face. Regarding the acceleration direction of the head after the impact, transverse and multiplane directions were the most common. Most players with a concussion have used a closed stance and did not use blocking techniques during the defense. The rate of concussions caused by penalties was 42.9%. Based on our findings, no other injury mechanisms, except for direct blows to the head, were observed. Therefore, education on the risk and symptoms of concussion, the appropriate management and blocking techniques should be emphasized in TKD-S to reduce incidence of concussion. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sport and Exercise Injury)
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11 pages, 759 KiB  
Article
Factors Associated with School Sports Injury among Elementary and Middle School Students in Shanghai, China
by Liyi Ding, Britton W. Brewer, Marcia Mackey, Hao Cai, Jianqiang Zhang, Yudong Song and Qunhui Cai
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(11), 6406; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19116406 - 25 May 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1646
Abstract
School sports activity (SSA) is beneficial to gaining and maintaining optimal health among elementary and middle school students but might increase risks for school sports injury (SSI). This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the incidence and identify risk factors of SSI among Chinese [...] Read more.
School sports activity (SSA) is beneficial to gaining and maintaining optimal health among elementary and middle school students but might increase risks for school sports injury (SSI). This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the incidence and identify risk factors of SSI among Chinese elementary and middle school students in Shanghai. Students in grades 4–5 (elementary) and 7–9 (middle) from three k-12 schools (aged from 9 to 16 years old) in Shanghai selected via the method of cluster random sampling were invited to participate in the study. Information on socio-demography, sleep duration, individual internal and external risk factors, and SSI experiences in the past 12 months was collected. A multivariate logistic regression model was performed to estimate the risk factors of SSI. A total of 1303 participants completed the questionnaires, with an overall SSI incidence rate of 29.5%. Along with boys, elementary school students, and sports team members, students scoring high on internal and external risk factors were at higher risk for SSA. In summary, SSI was prevalent among elementary and middle school students in Shanghai, China, and was associated with several modifiable risk factors. The findings provide insights regarding actions that could be taken to reduce the occurrence of SSI and maximize the benefits of SSA, including improvements in safety education, maintenance of facilities and equipment, and completion of warm-up exercises. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sport and Exercise Injury)
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Review

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13 pages, 4965 KiB  
Review
The Global Research Status and Trends in Ice and Snow Sports Injuries from 1995 to 2022: A Bibliometric and Visualized Analysis
by Wupeng Zhang, Hua Li, Daofeng Wang, Gaoxiang Xu, Cheng Xu, Jiantao Li, Licheng Zhang and Peifu Tang
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(4), 2880; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20042880 - 7 Feb 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 3735
Abstract
Objective: The aim of the present study is to focus on the most popular winter sports programs, and to investigate the global research status and trends in sports-related injuries. Methods: The Web of Science (WoS) Core Collection database was chosen as original data [...] Read more.
Objective: The aim of the present study is to focus on the most popular winter sports programs, and to investigate the global research status and trends in sports-related injuries. Methods: The Web of Science (WoS) Core Collection database was chosen as original data and used for extracting publications on ice and snow sports injuries on 18 February 2022. Articles published in English between 1995 to 2022 were selected for this study. Results: Finally, for the topic search, a sum of 1605 articles were extracted and used for further analysis. The country and journal ranked first—in terms of total number, total citations and the highest H-index of publications—were the USA and American Journal of Sports Medicine, respectively. The affiliation with the most cited publications was the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences. The most influential first author with the most citations (2537 times), the greatest average citations per article (65.05 times) and the highest H-index (26) was Bahr R. Articles were divided into five main clusters based on keyword analysis: injuries study, head and neck damage study, risk study, therapy study and epidemiology study. Studies related to epidemiology and brain damage in ice and snow sports will continue to be research hot topics. Conclusions: In conclusion, our study indicates that the ice and snow sports injuries research domain is more prevalent in North America and Europe. This study contributes to a comprehensive understanding of ice and snow sports injuries and provides hotspot directions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sport and Exercise Injury)
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