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Livable, Healthy and Lively Cities and Tourism Destinations: Facing Pandemics and Other Crisis Situations

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Health Economics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 May 2022) | Viewed by 26204

Special Issue Editors

Department of Business Organization, Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
Interests: circular economy; circular tourism; circular city; crisis management; crisis response strategies; global mobility; community resilience; tourism resilience; cities resilience; crisis economics; pandemic economics; sharing economy; sustainable mobility; people mobility
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Assistant Guest Editor
Department of Civil, Energy, Environmental and Material Engineering, Mediterranean University of Reggio Calabria, 89124 Reggio Calabria, Italy
Interests: entrepreneurship and innovation management; collaborative/sharing economy; business models; smart cities; urban mobility; logistics innovation; marketing; (social) network analysis; technology forecasting; patent analysis
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Assistant Guest Editor
School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
Interests: tourism emotional geography; tourism big data; industrial upgrading; tourism value chain; happy city
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Public health is a basic assumption for increasing the prosperity of the economic system. Nowadays, 80% of the world population is living in big cities, and this figure is expected to grow in the near future. Nevertheless, the current coronavirus pandemic has attacked life’s main bases of city “mobility” and “social proximity and interactions”. These two factors are also essential for tourism development, a major source of wealth for many countries worldwide. Consequently, both cities’ life and tourism have been seriously damaged by the COVID19 pandemic. Thus, it is urgent to research and identify critical factors, strategies, and actions and to seek possible pathways for a safe reactivation of life and tourism in cities.

This Special Issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH) focuses on the links between life and tourism in cities and human health to face crisis situations from a multidisciplinary approach. New research papers, reviews, business cases, and conference papers are welcome. Theoretical papers dealing with new approaches and disruptive forms of managing crisis situations in cities are also of interest. Other accepted manuscript types include methodological papers, position papers, brief reports, critical commentaries.

Dr. María-del-Mar Alonso-Almeida
Dr. Carlo Giglio
Dr. Yi Liu
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • safe cities and tourism
  • lively cities
  • livable cities
  • sustainable urban tourism
  • mobility
  • new ways of mobility
  • social interaction
  • new ways of social interaction
  • city reactivation
  • tourism reactivation
  • crisis management
  • city interaction
  • emerging crisis solutions
  • post-crisis life in cities assessment
  • post-crisis tourism in cities assessment
  • new ways of interaction assessment
  • post-crisis risk management
  • post-crisis communication
  • overtourism
  • resilience of urban economies and the tourism industry

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Research

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23 pages, 5453 KiB  
Article
How the COVID-19 Pandemic Affected the Functioning of Tourist Short-Term Rental Platforms (Airbnb and Vrbo) in Polish Cities
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(14), 8730; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19148730 - 18 Jul 2022
Viewed by 1851
Abstract
The article presents the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on urban tourism activity on short-term rental (STR) platforms in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It offers empirical evidence of how Airbnb and HomeAway (Vrbo) changed in Polish cities during the COVID-19 pandemic. A [...] Read more.
The article presents the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on urban tourism activity on short-term rental (STR) platforms in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It offers empirical evidence of how Airbnb and HomeAway (Vrbo) changed in Polish cities during the COVID-19 pandemic. A case study of Polish cities was also used to investigate what pandemic-induced scenarios of that impact are presented in the literature. In particular, the study identifies “loser” cities, in which the pandemic consolidated and deepened the decline in active STR volume, and “winner” cities, in which the volume and dynamics of the active STRs increased during the pandemic. Full article
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15 pages, 856 KiB  
Article
The Role of COVID-19 Vaccine Perception, Hope, and Fear on the Travel Bubble Program
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(14), 8714; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19148714 - 18 Jul 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1763
Abstract
The travel bubble program presented an appealing strategy for reopening international travel safely. However, a full vaccination regime is the foremost prerequisite of the program. Therefore, vaccination and the travel bubble are inextricably linked. This study investigated the roles of perceived vaccine efficacy, [...] Read more.
The travel bubble program presented an appealing strategy for reopening international travel safely. However, a full vaccination regime is the foremost prerequisite of the program. Therefore, vaccination and the travel bubble are inextricably linked. This study investigated the roles of perceived vaccine efficacy, attitude towards the COVID-19 vaccine, and attitude toward the travel bubble on travel bubble intention. More importantly, the study also examined the mediating role of hope and fear among unvaccinated Korean adults between 20 and 29 years old. A total of 535 samples were collected to test the proposed conceptual model using structural equation modeling. In general, the results supported the proposed hypotheses. Notably, the intention to travel to a bubble destination was explained by 57% of the variance. Furthermore, hope mediated the relationship between vaccine attitude and travel bubble intention. Whereas fear mediated the relationship between perceived vaccine efficacy and intention. Hence, the findings suggest doubts around the vaccine efficacy and that a positive attitude towards the vaccine also install hope among the research samples. Full article
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17 pages, 2219 KiB  
Article
Post-COVID-19 Tourists’ Preferences, Attitudes and Travel Expectations: A Study in Guayaquil, Ecuador
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(8), 4822; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084822 - 15 Apr 2022
Cited by 23 | Viewed by 5121
Abstract
Expectations about a destination influence the tourist experience during the travel process stages. In the post-COVID-19 normalcy, people are adjusting their priorities and social values. Therefore, it becomes crucial to identify tourists’ expectations before traveling. The objectives of this research were: (a) identify [...] Read more.
Expectations about a destination influence the tourist experience during the travel process stages. In the post-COVID-19 normalcy, people are adjusting their priorities and social values. Therefore, it becomes crucial to identify tourists’ expectations before traveling. The objectives of this research were: (a) identify the preferences of tourists; (b) establish the attitudes of tourists; and (c) determine the expectations of tourists for post-COVID-19 destination selection. The study analyzed a sample of 491 people during pandemic lockdowns in Guayaquil, Ecuador. Statistical techniques such as exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis were used in data analysis. The results show that after the pandemic, tourists prefer urban tourism, followed by cultural tourism and traveling with relatives. It also shows a more responsible and supportive attitude when traveling. Likewise, the results support the dimensional structure that explains a set of post-pandemic tourist expectations. Five factors were identified: Smart Care, pricing strategy, safety, comfort, and social distancing. Finally, the theoretical and managerial implications of the results that will guide for tourism destination managers were discussed. Full article
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18 pages, 7795 KiB  
Article
Design of Nature Tourism Route in Chimborazo Wildlife Reserve, Ecuador
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5293; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105293 - 16 May 2021
Cited by 11 | Viewed by 3787
Abstract
The design of new routes is a specific strategy to improve tourism management and to increase the attractiveness of landscape features, promoting activities as a part of sustainable development. This study proposes the design of alternative multi-parameter tourist routes in the Chimborazo Wildlife [...] Read more.
The design of new routes is a specific strategy to improve tourism management and to increase the attractiveness of landscape features, promoting activities as a part of sustainable development. This study proposes the design of alternative multi-parameter tourist routes in the Chimborazo Wildlife Reserve based on spatial network analysis implemented in ArcGIS 10.5® software. Tourist interest points were identified and mapped using spatial analysis software, then two routes for bicycles and hiking were defined as being the most efficient, based on the most frequented tourist attractions. The main contribution of this study is the identification of optimal routes for vehicular, bicycling, and hiking traffic through tourist attractions, considering variables such as the time, distance, average circulation speed, road state, and tourist facilities. As a result, two routes were identified. Route one includes 17 tourist attractions, five lodging establishments, four food centers, and one health center. On the other hand, route two includes 11 tourist attractions, two lodging and food establishments, and one health center. The final contribution of this research is to maximize tour satisfaction by presenting new routes of visiting tourist attractions due to the growing demand in the Chimborazo Reserve. Full article
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20 pages, 1276 KiB  
Article
Assessment of the Construction of a Climate Resilient City: An Empirical Study Based on the Difference in Differences Model
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 2082; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042082 - 21 Feb 2021
Cited by 12 | Viewed by 5728
Abstract
Facing climate risks has become a common problem for mankind and a topic of great importance for the Chinese government. To thoroughly implement the overall requirements for the construction of an ecological civilization and effectively improve the capacity of cities to adapt to [...] Read more.
Facing climate risks has become a common problem for mankind and a topic of great importance for the Chinese government. To thoroughly implement the overall requirements for the construction of an ecological civilization and effectively improve the capacity of cities to adapt to climate change, China launched the pilot construction of “Climate Resilient Cities” in 2017. In this paper, 16 prefecture level cities in Anhui Province of China were selected as the research objects, and the multi-level grey system evaluation method was used to measure the climate resilience of these regions. We used the difference in differences method to evaluate the effect of the pilot policy of “Climate Resilient Cities.” The pilot policies of the “Climate Resilient Cities” showed a significant contribution to the regional climate resilience, and, after isolating the impact of other factors on the regional climate resilience, the pilot policies of the “Climate Resilient Cities” increased the climate resilience of the pilot cities by four percentage points. The pilot policies of the “Climate Resilient Cities” had a significant contribution to the urban infrastructure development and ecological space optimization, as well as non-significant impacts to the urban water security, emergency management capacity-building, and science and technology innovation initiatives. Full article
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16 pages, 1591 KiB  
Article
Sustainable Choices and Behaviors among Eco-Friendly Museum Travelers: Exploring the Drivers of Sacrifice, Visit, Pay, and WOM Intentions
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 845; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020845 - 19 Jan 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 3068
Abstract
This research developed a sturdy theoretical framework that offers a better comprehension regarding customer approach intentions for eco-friendly museum products. Using a quantitative process, the apparent role of ecological value, connectedness to nature, social pressure, pro-environmental reputation was explored. Data quality testing demonstrated [...] Read more.
This research developed a sturdy theoretical framework that offers a better comprehension regarding customer approach intentions for eco-friendly museum products. Using a quantitative process, the apparent role of ecological value, connectedness to nature, social pressure, pro-environmental reputation was explored. Data quality testing demonstrated the validity of the construct measures. The critical mediating nature of customer-product relationship quality and feeling of pride was unveiled by conducting a structural analysis. In addition, the feeling of pride was a prominent factor determining sacrifice, visit, pay, and word of mouth (WOM) intentions. Social pressure played a major role in building relationship quality, whereas pro-environmental reputation was a key contributor to increase the feeling of pride. The model contained a strong prediction power for intentions. Results of this study contribute to enriching the extant knowledge regarding customer pro-environmental decision-making process, which is helpful for an eco-friendly museum and its success. Full article
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Review

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16 pages, 1661 KiB  
Review
Bibliometric Analysis and Literature Review of Tourism Destination Resilience Research
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(9), 5562; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095562 - 03 May 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 3396
Abstract
The application of resilience thinking to tourism destination research is a new perspective on sustainable tourism and has gradually become a popular research topic. Some literature has been conducted on tourism destination resilience, but there has not been a comprehensive review and analysis [...] Read more.
The application of resilience thinking to tourism destination research is a new perspective on sustainable tourism and has gradually become a popular research topic. Some literature has been conducted on tourism destination resilience, but there has not been a comprehensive review and analysis of the whole field. This study was based on the literature from 2000 to 2021 in the Web of Science core collection database. The collaboration analysis, literature co-citation analysis, keyword co-occurrence, burst detection analysis in CiteSpace, and qualitative analysis were adopted to conduct a holistic tourism destination resilience research review. The results indicated that the United States, Australia, China, and the United Kingdom were the primary countries involved in tourism destination resilience research. Five hot research themes were obtained. (1) concept and connotation of tourism destination resilience, (2) drivers of tourism destination resilience, (3) sustainable management framework and practices, (4) perception of tourism destination resilience, and (5) the resilience of the tourism community. Furthermore, four research gaps and future directions were proposed in this study, including the theoretical framework of tourism destination resilience, assessment of tourism destination resilience, sustainable management and resilience, and application of advanced technology in tourism destination resilience. This study assists researchers in understanding the development and future research directions in tourism destination resilience research. Full article
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