Special Issue "Addressing Health Inequalities: Focus on Social and Cultural Determinants"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2023) | Viewed by 6836
Interests: the interrelationship between health inequality and social inequality; social experience and health behaviours in infectious disease outbreaks; the illness experience of chronically ill patients and their caregivers; illness-associated stigmas; doctor-patient communication in relation to social structure and gender hierarchy; the interrelationship between people’s perceptions on vaccines and vaccination behavior; perception and the adoption of preventive health behaviours
Health, according to the World Health Organization (http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs323/en/), is a human right. However, in reality, not all people are able to enjoy the same standard of health, and health inequality emerges. How healthy we can be is not just affected by our physical status, but it is determined by our social and cultural surroundings. Our health is determined by various social and cultural factors. The wealthiness of a country and of a government can be decisive in how much health protection we are able to enjoy (for example, the governments of developed countries are able to provide more than basic health protection for their people in terms of vaccines, medications, and a more developed health policy; whereas the governments of developing countries may not be able to have sufficient resources in providing basic vaccines and medications for its people). Even if we are living in a wealthy country, the socio-economic status that we are situating is also decisive in determining how healthy we can be. Locating to a higher socioeconomic status can mean that we are able to enjoy higher income and monetary wealth, so we would be more able to have more resources in enjoying better health. It can also mean that we are able to have a higher education level, so we would be more able to have higher health literacy and better access to health information. It can also mean that we are able to have a better occupation, so we would be more empowered to have more bargaining power when getting sick. In contrast, many past studies have shown that situating at a low socio-economic status can mean a person would have a less positive health outcome, such as suffering from a higher prevalence of obesity and a poorer prognosis in many chronic conditions. In the recent COVID-19 outbreak, those who are of low socioeconomic status are much more disadvantaged than those who are of high socioeconomic status in terms of health and infection risk. Besides, a person’s ethnicity and gender can also determine the extent of health that one can enjoy.
This Special Issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH) focuses on how these social and cultural determinants can affect human health. Research papers, reviews, and case reports are welcome to this Special Issue.
Dr. Judy Yuen-man Siu
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- health inequality
- health equity
- social determinant
- cultural determinant
- socio-economic status