Sport and Fitness Activities for Healthy Aging

A special issue of Healthcare (ISSN 2227-9032).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2023) | Viewed by 1486

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Via Gramsci 14, 43126 Parma, Italy
Interests: exercise science; strength & conditioning planning; resistance training; exercise testing; physical fitness; exercise physiology; physical activity assessment; performance testing; personal training
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Guest Editor
Department of Education and Specific Didactics, Jaume I University, 12006 Castellon de la Plana, Spain
Interests: physical activity; sedentary lifestyle; older adults; healthy-related quality of life; physical fitness

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The implementation of a healthy lifestyle along the lifespan requires the need to promote effective strategies to achieve healthy aging, which refers to “the process of developing and maintaining the functional ability that enables well-being in older age”. In fact, the inevitable psycho-physiological changes faced during the aging process could still be tackled by acting on the domains that characterized the multifactorial nature of aging, like the physical, cognitive, emotional, social, and spiritual dimensions. The maintenance of an active lifestyle is, without a doubt, the strategy to counteract age-associated declines. However, positive behavioral changes and control still represent a challenge for researchers, policy-makers, and practitioners to reach the desired goal of healthy aging. Considering the construct of physical activity, novel sports and fitness activities could be proposed and investigated for their impact on positive behavioral changes toward an active lifestyle. Holistic intervention models focused on all the domains of the aging process with an emphasis on the cognitive and emotional/social dimensions should be further proposed. Therefore, articles in the forms of reviews with meta-analysis and original research centered on prospective longitudinal studies and randomized controlled trials are invited for this Special Issue, especially those combining a high academic standard coupled with practical implications for policy-makers and practitioners.

Dr. Giancarlo Condello
Dr. Pablo Monteagudo Chiner
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • older people
  • exercise intervention programs
  • master athletes
  • functionality
  • physical health
  • mental health
  • health-related quality of life
  • behavioral change

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

9 pages, 265 KiB  
Article
Effects of Aerobic vs. Resistance Exercise on Vascular Function and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Older Women
by Hyun-Bae Kim, Myong-Won Seo and Hyun Chul Jung
Healthcare 2023, 11(18), 2479; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare11182479 - 7 Sep 2023
Viewed by 958
Abstract
This study aimed to investigate the effects of different types of exercise (aerobic vs. resistance) on vascular function and vascular endothelial growth factor in older women. Forty-three older women, aged 65–75 years old, voluntarily participated in this study. All participants were randomly assigned [...] Read more.
This study aimed to investigate the effects of different types of exercise (aerobic vs. resistance) on vascular function and vascular endothelial growth factor in older women. Forty-three older women, aged 65–75 years old, voluntarily participated in this study. All participants were randomly assigned to one of the following three groups: aerobic exercise (AE; n = 14), resistance exercise (RE; n = 15), and control (CG; n = 14) groups. All participants in the exercise groups performed their respective exercises for 60 min/day, three days/week, for 16 weeks. The intensity of aerobic and resistance exercises was determined using the individual heart rate reserve (40–60%) and RPE (12–13), respectively. The vascular function test included the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (ba-PWV), carotid artery blood flow volume, and velocity. Participants’ blood samples were collected to analyze the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). A significance level of 0.05 was set. Our results showed that ba-PWV improved following both AE (14.5%) and RE groups (11.1%) (all p < 0.05). Increases in carotid blood flow volume (AE: 15.4%, RE: 18.6%) and total artery peak velocity (AE: 20.4%, RE: 17%) were observed in AE and RE groups (p < 0.05), while flow total artery mean velocity (36.2%) and peak velocities (20.5%) were only increased in the aerobic exercise group (p < 0.05). VEGF was increased after resistance exercise (p < 0.05). Overall, aerobic exercise provides greater benefits on vascular function than resistance exercise but further research is needed on VEGF regarding whether this change is associated with vascular function improvement in older women. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sport and Fitness Activities for Healthy Aging)
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