Sports and Special Populations: Improving Physical Activity, Health and Quality of Life

A special issue of Healthcare (ISSN 2227-9032).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2024 | Viewed by 1143

Special Issue Editor

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Guest Editor
Physical Education Department, Federal University of Segipe, São Cristóvão 49100-000, SE, Brazil
Interests: environmental and exercise physiology; physiological responses; simulated and real adaptations to training; exercise performance for athletes and para-athletes
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

According to a survey, several factors were identified as interfering with health, quality of life, activities of daily living, performance, rehabilitation, and physical preparation from childhood to adulthood, as well as adapted and paralympic sports and special populations. The health, quality of life, and performance of this population are affected by the relationships between stress, maturation, prescriptions, and control of exercise load as well as recovery. Environmental approaches aim to increase efficiency and physiological adaptations accordingly; however, this stimulus–performance–adaptation relationship varies in different situations and conditions.

As a result, we hope to receive contributions related (but not limited) to the following topics: health, quality of life, and training load monitoring; stress and physiological responses during exercise or sports; the recovery process; changes after stress and/or exercise load; exercise physiology in health; and physical as well as sports performance.

Dr. Felipe J. Aidar
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Healthcare is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • health promotion
  • quality of life
  • fatigue monitoring
  • training load monitoring
  • sports
  • biological maturation
  • psychobiological changes
  • immune and endocrine responses
  • neuromuscular performance
  • adaptation to training
  • stress
  • recovery
  • fatigue
  • sleep
  • delayed onset muscle soreness
  • psychobiological changes
  • immunological responses
  • neuromuscular performance

Published Papers (1 paper)

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26 pages, 1136 KiB  
Adaptive Shooting Disciplines: A Scoping Review of the Literature with Bibliometric Analysis
by Luca Puce, Carlo Biz, Halil Ibrahim Ceylan, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Matteo Formica, Khaled Trabelsi, Łukasz Szarpak, Carlo Trompetto, Alessandro Rossin, Nicola Antonio Lanciano and Pietro Ruggieri
Healthcare 2024, 12(4), 463; - 12 Feb 2024
Viewed by 851
Para-archery and para-shooting, two very popular adaptive shooting disciplines that have earned their place as major official events in the Paralympic Games, share some similarities, as well as distinctive features in terms of rules, physiological requirements, and equipment used. The International Paralympic Committee [...] Read more.
Para-archery and para-shooting, two very popular adaptive shooting disciplines that have earned their place as major official events in the Paralympic Games, share some similarities, as well as distinctive features in terms of rules, physiological requirements, and equipment used. The International Paralympic Committee has a clear responsibility to ensure that all sports within its jurisdiction, including adaptive shooting, can achieve excellence in their respective fields. To achieve this, the conduct of well-designed studies and rigorous research is essential. Although some research has been conducted in this area, a comprehensive and systematic evaluation is still needed. Therefore, the present study aims to provide a thorough review and synthesis of existing research on adaptive shooting disciplines, identify strengths and gaps, and suggest future directions. Arksey and O’Malley’s methodology is leveraged and enhanced with bibliometric and policy analyses to review literature on adaptive shooting. Databases like PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, OvidSP, and EMBASE were searched, focusing on studies in adaptive shooting disciplines and analysing these findings through a blend of thematic and statistical methods. Twenty-four studies totalling 483 para-athletes (299 para-shooters and 184 para-archers) are included in this scoping review, focusing on a range of aspects, including physiological responses (n = 9), research design and measurement methods for evidence-based classification (n = 6), biopsychosocial aspects (n = 3), development of new methods and technologies (n = 4), kinematic and biomechanical assessment (n = 1), and epidemiology of injuries (n = 1). Seven articles focused exclusively on para-archery, thirteen exclusively on para-shooting, and four on both para-archery and para-shooting. In conclusion, the available literature on adaptive shooting disciplines is still very limited, especially regarding para-archery compared to para-shooting. This highlights the need for further research in many key areas to ensure a better understanding of the different disciplines and to provide appropriate support for para-athletes. Future research in para-archery and para-shooting should focus on technological innovations, biomechanical studies, and psychological support to enhance athlete performance and accessibility. Addressing the imbalance between the two disciplines, along with injury prevention and global participation, can drive the sports towards greater inclusivity and equity for para-athletes worldwide. Full article
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