Special Issue "Open Questions in Dark Energy and Cosmological Constant"

A special issue of Galaxies (ISSN 2075-4434).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2023) | Viewed by 178

Special Issue Editor

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The two main “standard models” that describe particle physics and cosmology appear to be in tension due to several aspects. Among all, the cosmological constant problem appears particularly hard to fix: quantum field theory predicts vacuum energy, whose (constant) value disagrees with cosmological observations. However, the universe sped up can be simply explained through either the six-parameter minimal ΛCDM model (that adopts some sort of “bare cosmological constant”, which is compatible with observations) or dark energy scenarios (spanning from barotropic fluids to alternatives to Einstein’s theory of gravity). In all these cases, strong discrepancies between quantum expectations and cosmic observations have been severely found, leading to a huge challenge: if the ΛCDM model is not the final paradigm, which extensions or modifications are expected to better reproduce cosmic data and, at the same time, to remove the “weight” of a vacuum, namely, the cosmological constant?

Quite surprisingly, recent Planck observations confirm the ΛCDM scenario with suitable accuracy, although the presence of cosmological tensions (e.g., on H0 and s0) and evidence in favor of the Starobinsky inflationary potential, may suggest that more complicated paradigms can be invoked. What is currently more accepted is that a self-consistent final paradigm that describes the universe and includes the standard model of particle physics has not been developed yet, leaving late-time acceleration, inflation, reheating, baryogenesis, etc., which are all different and very distinct phases, that are, therefore, not unified under a single Lagrangian description.

The main purpose of this Special Issue is to expand on the idea of “dark cosmology”, inviting efforts that try to unify those scenarios to solve the cosmological constant problem and reconcile early with late times. Thus, we embrace a wide number of proposals based on phenomenological dark energy constructions, modified and extended gravity theories, effective field theory approaches, and so on. In this respect, we strongly encourage both theoretical and observational works and we welcome manuscripts based on the interplay between theory and experiments in subjects such as field theories, dark energy, dark matter, early time cosmology, late time cosmology, quantum cosmology, quantum aspects of gravity, extended and modified theories of gravity, etc.

You may choose our Joint Special Issue in Universe.

Dr. Orlando Luongo
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Galaxies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • dark energy
  • dark matter
  • inflation
  • cosmological constant
  • baryogenesis
  • leptogenesis
  • nucleosynthesis
  • Big Bang

Published Papers

There is no accepted submissions to this special issue at this moment.
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