Special Issue "Clear-Cutting in Modern Forestry: New Approaches and Latest Findings"

A special issue of Forests (ISSN 1999-4907). This special issue belongs to the section "Forest Ecology and Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 27 October 2023 | Viewed by 698

Special Issue Editors

Forest Research Institute of the Karelian Research Centre of the RAS, Petrozavodsk, Russia
Interests: biodiversity; conservation biology; vegetation; community ecology; forest ecology
Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Interests: biodiversity; conservation biology; community ecology; forest and landscape ecology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The complete destruction of the tree layer radically changes the ecosystem as a whole, affecting soil conditions and ground cover. Plant communities on clear-cuttings at the initial stages (i.e., before the formation of a closed tree canopy) can serve as good model objects for biodiversity and ecology studies, at least, due to the dynamic patterns of their formation. However, the natural restoration of forest communities can take hundreds of years. To restore the forest stand as soon as possible, it is necessary to plant high-quality seedlings of a certain type and provide sufficient care to them in order to limit the negative impact of undesirable herbaceous and woody vegetation. All of these operations are quite labor-intensive and expensive. The issues of artificial reforestation remain relevant worldwide, and as result, the experience exchange in this framework seems to be quite useful for many stakeholders. Although the physiological and biochemical mechanisms of undergrowth adaptation to changing local environmental conditions as well as to modern cutting approaches remain poorly studied, this field has a high innovative potential.

Thus, this Special Issue is aimed at synthesizing research materials in the plant communities after continuous deforestation, including their formation patterns, a comparative analysis of the biodiversity of deforestation plots and forest stands at different stages of restoration, as well as the methods of artificial reforestation and promotion of natural forest regeneration. The aspects of changes in the structure and properties of soils and the adaptation mechanisms of young woody plants in the main forest-forming species in clear-cutting are of special importance.

Dr. Alexander Kryshen
Dr. Juri Kurhinen
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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  • clear-cutting
  • forest soils
  • biodiversity
  • plant communities of clear-cutting areas
  • plant and animal species associated with logging
  • young trees’ adaptation for logging
  • reforestation methods, natural reforestation

Published Papers (1 paper)

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The Influence of Logging Equipment on the Content, Stock and Stratification Coefficient of Elements of the Mineral Nutrition of Plants in the Soils of the Taiga Zone of Karelia
Forests 2023, 14(7), 1424; https://doi.org/10.3390/f14071424 - 12 Jul 2023
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This study was carried out in the territories of Northern Europe, in the middle taiga subzone of Karelia. The paper presents the results of a study of an experiment on logging to study the impact of controlled logging using supervised logging with controlling [...] Read more.
This study was carried out in the territories of Northern Europe, in the middle taiga subzone of Karelia. The paper presents the results of a study of an experiment on logging to study the impact of controlled logging using supervised logging with controlling cutting (SLCC) and conventional logging (CL) on the properties of soils (horizons O, E and BF) in a spruce forest 15 years after logging. Virgin forest (VF) was used as a control. The volume weight of soils, the contents of carbon, nitrogen and potassium in different soil layers (layers O, E and BF), as well as reserves of C, N and K and their stratification coefficients SRs (SR1 [O:E], SR2 [O:BF] and SR3 [E:BF]) were studied. The results showed a tendency to increase the volume weight of soils of anthropogenically disturbed (CL and SLCC) areas can be measured. The obtained data demonstrated that there was no sharp change in the contents or stocks of the studied elements between the anthropogenically disturbed (CL and SLCC) and undisturbed areas (VF). The largest reserves of carbon, nitrogen and potassium were noted in the upper horizons of the soils of all sites, averaging 35.6, 1.27 and 0.073 t/ha, respectively. In the lower horizons of the studied soils, the values were lower. The values of the stratification coefficients in the studied soils were arranged in decreasing order as SR2 > SR1 > SR3. At the same time, the general trend of unidirectional changes in the SR values for carbon and potassium in soils was noted; the data for nitrogen were somewhat different. The results showed a marked decrease in SOC concentration with an increase in soil depth. Higher rates of cellulose decomposition were observed in anthropogenically disturbed areas (CL—69.0 ± 3.6%; SLCC—57.4 ± 3.5%) compared with virgin forest (VF) (53.7 ± 3.1%), which is consistent with the results of other studies in the taiga zone. The data obtained indicate the importance of a more accurate assessment of the contents and stocks of elements, as well as the need to use tests for soil biological activity. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clear-Cutting in Modern Forestry: New Approaches and Latest Findings)
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