Systemic Analysis Method Applied in Fire Safety

A special issue of Fire (ISSN 2571-6255). This special issue belongs to the section "Fire Risk Assessment and Safety Management in Buildings and Urban Spaces".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2024 | Viewed by 4966

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Structural Engineering, College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China
Interests: structural fire engineering; intelligent structural design; construction theory; early warning of fire-induced collapse of large steel structures; shape and topology optimization of skeleton structures; reinforcement learning-driven automatic design of structures

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Guest Editor
School of Civil Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
Interests: steel structures in fire; performance of structures in natural fire; integrated fire-structure simulation; reliability of fire protection for structures; high temperature creep; hybrid fire testing; fiber optical sensing in fire, etc.
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

As fire accidents may be regarded as isolated incidents issued within a system, the interaction between multiple factors during the development of the fire will finally result in a ‘systemic’ concept of fire loss. Therefore, analyzing fire safety from a systemic perspective is necessary, so that the overall fire risk and fire loss can be controlled or limited.

This Special Issue aims to highlight original findings regarding systemic analysis methods in fire safety engineering. The systems considered by the authors may include building structures, oil or gas plants, offshore platforms, etc. Research findings serving as the basis of systemic fire safety analysis, e.g., basic theories or methods of fire-structural analysis, principles of fire management system development, application case studies, etc., are also welcome.

In this Special Issue, original research articles, reviews, and case studies are welcome. Research areas may include (but are not limited to) the following:

  • Fire-structural analysis theories and methods;
  • Systemic fire safety management systems;
  • Systemic fire risk analysis systems and methods;
  • Application examples of systemic fire safety analysis.

We look forward to receiving your contributions.

Dr. Shaojun Zhu
Prof. Dr. Chao Zhang
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Fire is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • systemic methods
  • fire safety management
  • fire risk analysis
  • fire-structural analysis
  • interdisciplinary

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

18 pages, 1807 KiB  
Article
MCDM-Based Wildfire Risk Assessment: A Case Study on the State of Arizona
by Mohammad Pishahang, Stefan Jovcic, Sarfaraz Hashemkhani Zolfani, Vladimir Simic and Ömer Faruk Görçün
Fire 2023, 6(12), 449; https://doi.org/10.3390/fire6120449 - 24 Nov 2023
Viewed by 1394
Abstract
The increasing frequency of wildfires has posed significant challenges to communities worldwide. The effectiveness of all aspects of disaster management depends on a credible estimation of the prevailing risk. Risk, the product of a hazard’s likelihood and its potential consequences, encompasses the probability [...] Read more.
The increasing frequency of wildfires has posed significant challenges to communities worldwide. The effectiveness of all aspects of disaster management depends on a credible estimation of the prevailing risk. Risk, the product of a hazard’s likelihood and its potential consequences, encompasses the probability of hazard occurrence, the exposure of assets to these hazards, existing vulnerabilities that amplify the consequences, and the capacity to manage, mitigate, and recover from their consequences. This paper employs the multiple criteria decision-making (MCDM) framework, which produces reliable results and allows for the customization of the relative importance of factors based on expert opinions. Utilizing the AROMAN algorithm, the study ranks counties in the state of Arizona according to their wildfire risk, drawing upon 25 factors categorized into expected annual loss, community resilience, and social vulnerability. A sensitivity analysis demonstrates the stability of the results when model parameters are altered, reinforcing the robustness of this approach in disaster risk assessment. While the paper primarily focuses on enhancing the safety of human communities in the context of wildfires, it highlights the versatility of the methodology, which can be applied to other natural hazards and accommodate more subjective risk and safety assessments. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Systemic Analysis Method Applied in Fire Safety)
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24 pages, 4333 KiB  
Article
Developing the Urban Fire Safety Co-Management System in China Based on Public Participation
by Jida Liu, Ruining Ma, Yuwei Song and Changqi Dong
Fire 2023, 6(10), 400; https://doi.org/10.3390/fire6100400 - 18 Oct 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1453
Abstract
The new situations, problems, and challenges facing urban fire safety work are gradually increasing in China, so innovating urban fire safety governance modes is an urgent task. In the fire management practice of the Chinese government, the establishment of an urban fire safety [...] Read more.
The new situations, problems, and challenges facing urban fire safety work are gradually increasing in China, so innovating urban fire safety governance modes is an urgent task. In the fire management practice of the Chinese government, the establishment of an urban fire safety co-management system is an important measure for aggregating fire safety management resources and improving the level of urban fire safety prevention, as well as control. In order to reveal and clarify the interacting relationships and influencing mechanisms among multiple subjects in an urban fire safety co-management system, we constructed an urban fire safety co-management game model comprising fire supervision departments, production management units, and the public based on evolutionary game theory. The stability of the urban fire safety co-management game system is explored from the perspective of game subjects. The influencing factors of strategy selection between game subjects in the game system were investigated using numerical simulation analysis. The research results show that elevating the informatization level of co-management, the risk perception level of the public, and the disclosure level of fire safety information are conducive to stimulating the public’s positivity to participate in co-management. Strengthening the accountability of the superior government is conducive to ensuring the supervision level of fire supervision departments. The above measures have positive value for optimizing China’s urban fire safety co-management systems, establishing urban fire safety management synergy, and ensuring the stability of social fire safety situations. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Systemic Analysis Method Applied in Fire Safety)
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23 pages, 11605 KiB  
Article
Performance-Based Fire-Protection Design of Public Amenities with Restrained Personnel Activities
by Xuejun Jia, Yongsheng Wang, Jingtao Chen, Ziqiang Fang, Kang Xia and He Wang
Fire 2023, 6(7), 256; https://doi.org/10.3390/fire6070256 - 29 Jun 2023
Viewed by 1460
Abstract
In this paper, performance-based fire-protection design is used for the fire-safety design of public amenities with restrained personnel activities. In these places, tourists’ activities are constrained in a limited space such as cockpit moving along the track. Since it is another typical scenario [...] Read more.
In this paper, performance-based fire-protection design is used for the fire-safety design of public amenities with restrained personnel activities. In these places, tourists’ activities are constrained in a limited space such as cockpit moving along the track. Since it is another typical scenario of fire-protection problem that cannot fully comply with the current mandatory codes and regulations, simulation analysis is used in order to ensure that such fire scenario could achieve performance objectives as expected. Firstly, corresponding fire-protection performance objectives, strategies and simplified evaluation criteria are brought forward in this paper. Then, through simulating the smoke flow in the fire using the computational fluid dynamics software FDS, the effectiveness of the smoke control strategy is verified. Meanwhile, the escaping environments of these fire scenes are analyzed. Further, the personnel evacuation simulation software (Pathfinder) is resorted to simulate the personnel emergency evacuation. The efficiency and the total time that consumed are obtained. Finally, by analyzing the similarities and differences of evacuation under different fire scenes, the fire and smoke spread in the riding area can be effectively controlled, and a safe evacuation environment can be provided for the evacuation of tourists. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Systemic Analysis Method Applied in Fire Safety)
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