Topical Collection "Epigenetic Control in Plants: Reproduction, Development and Surviving in a Changing Environment"
A topical collection in Epigenomes (ISSN 2075-4655).Viewed by 6788
2. Department of Plant Embryology & Reproductive Biology, Komarov Botanical Institute RAS, 2 Professor Popov Street, 197376 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Interests: development; sexual and asexual reproduction; genomics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Special Issue in Plants: Genomic Study and Molecular Genetic Regulation of Apomixis
Plants are sessile organisms with the capacity to respond to a varying environment throughout their lives. This capability is mediated through the moderation of gene expression without change to DNA sequence, a phenomenon known as epigenetics. Epigenetic mechanisms thereby mediate developmental progression of an organism and also the resilience to accommodate for change. Thus, epigenetic regulation in plants can be mediated in several ways, most notably mi RNA- and siRNA-based systems, histone modification and DNA methylation.
On a global scale methylation accumulates during somatic development, although external stimuli can cause either the methylation or demethylation of specific sites. About a third of plant genes are methylated at maturity but meiosis acts as a clearing house for methylation, with only a few methylated sites surviving through to the next generation. Atypical methylation can cause developmental or physiological anomalies.
The aim of this Topic Collection is to bring together a set of reviews and research articles on the role of epigenetic regulation in plants during sexual and asexual reproduction, development, and evolution.
Dr. Vladimir Brukhin
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- RNA interference
- chromatin remodeling
- plant reproduction