Antimicrobial Resistance and Its Environmental Risk

A special issue of Environments (ISSN 2076-3298).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 June 2024 | Viewed by 320

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, A.O.U. "G. Martino"-Torre Biologica 3°p, Via C. Valeria, s.n.c., 98125 Messina, Italy
Interests: environmental microbiology; antibiotic resistance in environmental matrices; prevention
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Guest Editor
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies “GF Ingrassia”, University of Catania, Via S. Sofia 87, 95123 Catania, Italy
Interests: prevention; public health; environmental microbiology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Antibiotic resistance, derived from resistance genes to synthetic and semi-synthetic antibiotics, spreads in the environment through multiple contamination routes, following different anthropic activities in which there is a high use of antibiotics. Resistance genes can reach the environment both through widespread sources of contamination (intensive agricultural areas, industrial districts, human activities distributed throughout the territory) and through single sources, such as intensive zootechnical plants, aquaculture, urban and hospital sewage, and commercial industries for the production of antibiotic substances.

The phenomenon is one of the main public health problems and has reached such proportions in recent years as to induce international and national institutions to raise the alarm and to promote initiatives aimed at its control. The latest European report on antibiotic resistance (ECDC, 2020) provided extremely worrying estimates: around 33,000 deaths a year are the direct consequence of resistant infections. To date, the commonly adopted strategy in human and veterinary medicine is the monitoring of antibiotic resistance in a selected group of bacterial species of clinical relevance. Although a "natural" resistance background is present in any bacterial community, the use–abuse of antibiotics in each sector (human, veterinary, agronomist) has determined the development and proliferation of specific resistance in bacterial communities exposed to the effects of human activities around the globe. The molecules not metabolized by the human body and the respective metabolites are excreted via urine and faeces, reaching urban wastewater and water purification plants, where they remain, even in minimal concentrations. Antibiotics and metabolites are then introduced into watercourses, lakes, or the sea through treated water, or into the soil through the use of purification sludge as fertilizer for fields.

The Special Issue that we propose has the purpose of gathering experiences in this area; new data on the subject will enrich those already in the scientific community. Studies carried out on classic and new environmental matrices involved in the spread of antibiotic resistance are encouraged.

Dr. Pasqualina Laganà
Dr. Maria Anna Coniglio
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Environments is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • antibiotic-resistance
  • environmental matrices
  • environmental surveillance
  • prevention
  • risk assessment
  • advances in environmental diagnosis
  • innovative monitoring methods
  • new technologies

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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