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Research of Energy Efficiency in Urban Transport

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "G1: Smart Cities and Urban Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2022) | Viewed by 4935

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Transport Systems, Traffic Engineering and Logistics, Faculty of Transport and Aviation Engineering, Silesian University of Technology, Krasińskiego 8 Street, 40-019 Katowice, Poland
Interests: road traffic engineering; road and intersections capacity analysis; measurements; traffic modeling; research and traffic flow analysis; transport infrastructure; functional analysis; transport systems and processes modeling; transportation engineering
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Guest Editor
Faculty of Transport and Aviation Engineering, Department of Transport Systems, Traffic Engineering and Logistics, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Interests: transport; logistics; transportation; transport management; transport engineering

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Many cities around the world face major challenges due to limited energy resources and increasing dependence on oil supplies. Increasing energy efficiency by reducing energy consumption and promoting innovative technological solutions that reduce energy consumption is nowadays a strategy for the sustainable development of many cities around the world. One of the branches of the national economy that largely absorbs energy resources is transportation. Constant increase in the number of vehicles in cities as well as many other transport activities. This have a large share in the global increase in energy consumption. For this reason, it is extremely important to involve scientists in the process of continuous improvement of methods and tools allowing for the reduction of energy consumption related to energy efficiency in transport. The range of possibilities for activities aimed at improving energy efficiency in urban transport is very wide. In some cases, the actions taken do not require the use of advanced technologies, but are associated with typical optimization activities in the field of transport systems and processes, as well as transport infrastructure.

This Special Issue will deal with energy efficiency and energy consumption in urban transport. Topics of interest for publication include, but are not limited to:

  • Analysis of factors influencing energy effectiveness of transport;
  • Energy intensity, energy efficiency and fuel efficiency in passenger and freight transport;
  • Research on alternative travelling behaviours aimed at lower energy consumption;
  • Energy effective vehicle construction techniques and technologies;
  • Eco-driving in driving habits of drivers;
  • Sustainable urban transport planning methods and transport system modelling focused on energy consumption minimization;
  • Multi-criteria decision making process from the perspective of energy-saving solutions in transportation;
  • Scenarios and future research related to energy consumption trends in transport.

Prof. Dr. Elżbieta Macioszek
Dr. Maria Cieśla
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Energy Efficiency
  • Energy Consumption
  • Urban Transport
  • Fuel Efficiency
  • Energy Saving Solutions
  • Sustainable Transport Development
  • Transport Planning Methods
  • Transport System Modelling

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

17 pages, 4138 KiB  
Article
Estimating the Emissions Reduction Due to the Use of Cargo Bikes: Case Studies for the Selected European Cities
by Hanna Vasiutina, Vitalii Naumov, Andrzej Szarata and Stanisław Rybicki
Energies 2022, 15(14), 5264; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15145264 - 20 Jul 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1375
Abstract
Contemporary cities need new solutions to reduce the harmful impact of freight transport, such as traffic congestion, air pollution, and noise emissions, which have increased in the last few years. This especially concerns central parts of cities due to the architectural features of [...] Read more.
Contemporary cities need new solutions to reduce the harmful impact of freight transport, such as traffic congestion, air pollution, and noise emissions, which have increased in the last few years. This especially concerns central parts of cities due to the architectural features of urban space. The concept of green logistics intends to replace currently used combustion engine vehicles with zero-emissions technologies such as the use of cargo bikes to deliver goods to final recipients located in the city districts with dense urban development. However, the use of cargo bikes for certain architectural, transport, and business conditions must be justified: the positive impact of that innovative means of transport should be evaluated and assessed by decision-makers. We propose a method to evaluate the environmental impact of cargo bikes that replace conventional vehicles in the central district of a city. Our approach assumes simulations of freight travel demand in the selected city area, the estimation of the part of trips to be replaced by cargo bikes, and, finally, the evaluation of the total distance covered by the replaced combustion engine vehicles to show the reduction of CO2 generated by the conventional vehicles. The case studies of the central districts for selected partner cities (Vitoria-Gasteiz, San Sebastian, Dubrovnik, and Mechelen) that participate in the CityChangerCargoBike project are shown to demonstrate the developed methodology. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research of Energy Efficiency in Urban Transport)
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23 pages, 10633 KiB  
Article
Simulating a Macrosystem of Cargo Deliveries by Road Transport Based on Big Data Volumes: A Case Study of Poland
by Vitalii Naumov, Andrzej Szarata and Hanna Vasiutina
Energies 2022, 15(14), 5111; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15145111 - 13 Jul 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1145
Abstract
Simulation models of transport systems are a key tool for solving many problems in the field of management of these systems. The methodologies for creating such models use datasets on both transport infrastructure and demand for the delivery of goods or passenger transport, [...] Read more.
Simulation models of transport systems are a key tool for solving many problems in the field of management of these systems. The methodologies for creating such models use datasets on both transport infrastructure and demand for the delivery of goods or passenger transport, however, many factors are considered based on assumptions due to the complexity. This article describes the approach to modeling the cargo transportation system for road transport in Poland based on data obtained by the Central Statistical Office from the TD-E survey. This approach avoids many assumptions about demand as the demand parameters are estimated based on a sample representing the general population—a set of all economic entities generating freight traffic. Basic procedures in the developed approach have been implemented as Python scripts. As a result of the use of the proposed methodology, a country-wide road transport model was obtained based on the TD-E survey from 2018. The adequacy of the developed model was assessed based on the results of the General Traffic Measurement from 2015. The obtained model is of satisfactory quality (the coefficient of determination equals 0.62), which can be improved after calibrating the space resistance functions and improving the traffic distribution procedure. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research of Energy Efficiency in Urban Transport)
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12 pages, 869 KiB  
Article
Urban Freight Transport Electrification in Westbank, Palestine: Environmental and Economic Benefits
by Fady M. A. Hassouna
Energies 2022, 15(11), 4058; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15114058 - 1 Jun 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1469
Abstract
Recently, due to the industrial and e-commerce revolution, the freight transport sector has grown rapidly and has become one of the key factors for economic development. Coupled with the growth of this sector, significant energy and environmental problems have arisen. Therefore, a huge [...] Read more.
Recently, due to the industrial and e-commerce revolution, the freight transport sector has grown rapidly and has become one of the key factors for economic development. Coupled with the growth of this sector, significant energy and environmental problems have arisen. Therefore, a huge effort has been made around the world in order to develop some solutions that could mitigate these problems. One of these promising solutions is electrifying the urban freight transport sector including the trucks and freight commercial vehicles fleets. In Palestine, as in other developing countries, the implications of this solution are still unquantified and the efficiency of the application is unpredicted. Therefore, this has necessitated a comprehensive study that considers all the relevant factors, such as the source of the electricity (renewable energy, oils, natural gas, etc.), fuel rates, and electricity rates. In this study, a prediction model has been developed using the historical data for the number of trucks and freight commercial vehicles over the period 2006–2020. Next, the total travelled kilometers, the total fuel consumption, and the total electricity consumption by the urban freight transport sector have been determined based on two scenarios (5% and 20% penetration of electric freight transport modes) during the next 10 years. Finally, the amounts of reduction in GHG emissions and the energy cost have been determined. The results have shown a significant reduction in the amount of GHG emission during the next 10 years by electrifying 20% of the freight transport sector in Westbank, Palestine. Moreover, an annual reduction of 66 million U.S $ could be achieved in total energy costs in this region. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research of Energy Efficiency in Urban Transport)
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