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Rural Renewable Energy Utilization and Electrification II

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "A: Sustainable Energy".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 August 2024 | Viewed by 4354

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Energy Department, CIEMAT, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Interests: GIS application in the development of renewable energy technologies on a regional basis and rural electrification; development of GIS for assessment in PV solar roofs; universal access to energy; energy poverty and renewable energy; hybrid systems connected to microgrid for isolated villages
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Institute of Renewable Energies, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Morelos 62580, Mexico
Interests: prospective for the Transition to Low Carbon Energy Systems; energy for Sustainable development in rural areas; economy and policy of renewable energy and efficient use of energy; sustainability and policies for the use of bioenergy in rural areas

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

We would like to invite you to submit your original research, overview papers, and reviews to this Special Issue of Energies on “Renewable Rural Energy”.

For a long time, the problem of rural energy has been approached from multiple specialties, which sometimes on the access to energy and poverty and sometimes on the perspective of the countryside as a provider of energy for the cities.

This Special Issue addresses a prospect beyond conventional electrification, taking into account technical, social, economic, and geographical aspects for the promotion of sustainable energy and energy transition in rural areas.

To promote the use of sustainable energy within rural communities, we would like to take a global approach to the problem, taking into account the perspectives of scholars specialized in this matter.

Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Rural energy resources and endogenous development
  • Hybrid microgrids of renewable energy systems in isolated locations
  • Spatial analysis of renewable energy resources in rural areas
  • GIS for rural electrification
  • Energy and fuels access in rural areas
  • Demand-side design of energy systems from a rural point of view
  • New storage forms for rural energy and electrification
  • Fuelwood forest and improved cookstoves and energy efficiencies in rural industries
  • Rural bioenergy consumption and production
  • Rural electrification and small hydropower
  • Delivering heating innovation to rural areas
  • Rural energy and Post-COVID-19 economic recovery
  • Rural consumers and low-carbon transition

Prof. Dr. Javier Domínguez Bravo
Dr. Jorge M. Islas-Samperio
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • rural energy resources and endogenous development
  • rural electrification and no electrical uses
  • universal access to energy
  • renewable energy and microgrids
  • bioenergy, hybrid systems, and cogeneration in rural areas

Related Special Issue

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

20 pages, 5718 KiB  
Article
Factors Influencing Electricity Consumption in Rural Households
by Diana Stella Garcia-Miranda, Francisco Santamaria, Cesar Leonardo Trujillo, Herbert Enrique Rojas-Cubides and William Alfonso Riaño
Energies 2024, 17(6), 1392; https://doi.org/10.3390/en17061392 - 14 Mar 2024
Viewed by 729
Abstract
Over time, several relationships have been defined between electricity consumption and a region’s social and economic variables, with income as the main factor. This paper uses multiple correspondence analysis to identify the categories of dwellings and, from a graphical point of view (positioning [...] Read more.
Over time, several relationships have been defined between electricity consumption and a region’s social and economic variables, with income as the main factor. This paper uses multiple correspondence analysis to identify the categories of dwellings and, from a graphical point of view (positioning maps), the effects of the different characteristics that influence the electricity consumption of households in rural areas of Cundinamarca, Colombia. In this analysis, the consumption of residential users responded mainly to what they can afford or acquire based on their income, consumption habits, and the characteristics of the technology. Furthermore, this study highlights the implications of these findings for policymakers and energy providers, providing valuable insights for developing targeted strategies to promote energy efficiency and sustainability in rural areas. This research contributes to a deeper understanding of the dynamics of electricity consumption and highlights the importance of tailoring energy-related interventions to the specific socio-economic context of rural communities, in this case in Cundinamarca. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rural Renewable Energy Utilization and Electrification II)
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29 pages, 2812 KiB  
Article
Future Scenarios of Firewood Consumption for Cooking in the Mexican Tropical Region
by Guadalupe Pérez, Genice K. Grande-Acosta, Jorge M. Islas-Samperio and Fabio Manzini
Energies 2023, 16(22), 7492; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16227492 - 8 Nov 2023
Viewed by 771
Abstract
Within domestic food cooking, burning firewood in three-stone fires (TSF) is a common practice by more than 16 million users in the Mexican tropical climate region (CR-TR). This article aims to evaluate the implementation of improved firewood cookstoves (ICS) to replace TSF in [...] Read more.
Within domestic food cooking, burning firewood in three-stone fires (TSF) is a common practice by more than 16 million users in the Mexican tropical climate region (CR-TR). This article aims to evaluate the implementation of improved firewood cookstoves (ICS) to replace TSF in the CR-TR by constructing firewood consumption scenarios covering 2018–2050. The results show that in CR-TR, with the implementation of ICS, the consumption of 354.95 PJ of firewood, 36.6 Mt of CO2e, 1.29 Mt of CO, and 163.78 kt of PM2.5 can all be avoided. The most important reduction in firewood consumption, CO2e emissions and CO and PM2.5 pollutants, occurs in exclusive firewood users and mixed users who utilize firewood as the primary fuel source, both of whom are low socioeconomic level in rural areas. Furthermore, most paying-for-firewood users often show negative mitigation costs and a high 50% IRR, while all non-paying-for-firewood users have mitigation costs ranging from 7.74 to 41.23 USD/tCO2e. At the end of the results section, we perform a sensitivity analysis of the relevant parameters, which complements this study. Therefore, implementing ICS will contribute to the solution of climate change, deforestation, and facilitate the formulation of sustainable development policies for the most vulnerable population sector of the Mexican CR-TR. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rural Renewable Energy Utilization and Electrification II)
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25 pages, 3111 KiB  
Article
Forest Supply Chain for Bioenergy: An Approach for Biomass Study in the Framework of a Circular Bioeconomy
by Silvina M. Manrique, Carolina R. Subelza, María Antonia Toro, Quelbis R. Quintero Bertel and Raúl J. Tauro
Energies 2023, 16(20), 7140; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16207140 - 18 Oct 2023
Viewed by 919
Abstract
To ensure the long-term viability of a circular bioeconomy based on native forests, it is crucial to enhance our understanding and overcome existing disparities in knowledge and application throughout the entire value chain of forest products. The objective of this article is to [...] Read more.
To ensure the long-term viability of a circular bioeconomy based on native forests, it is crucial to enhance our understanding and overcome existing disparities in knowledge and application throughout the entire value chain of forest products. The objective of this article is to contribute towards this goal and facilitate the proper management of forest biomass. Firstly, a methodology is proposed for the study of biomass throughout the native forest value chain, identifying the main steps, criteria, and variables to consider. This approach is evaluated through a case study in Argentina, where over 2370 tons of biomass are wasted annually. A series of strategies for analyzing the most suitable uses and applications for this biomass are examined. Finally, some key approaches for the promotion of a circular and sustainable forest bioeconomy are identified. While it is true that there is still a long way to go before small rural economies can make a more efficient and comprehensive use of their resources (potentially including small biorefineries) with appropriate cascade use schemes, moving towards biomass energy use constitutes a practical and concrete alternative today. This proposal provides tools for accelerating this necessary ecological and energy transition. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rural Renewable Energy Utilization and Electrification II)
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17 pages, 2696 KiB  
Article
Energy Supply Systems Predicting Model for the Integration of Long-Term Energy Planning Variables with Sustainable Livelihoods Approach in Remote Communities
by Carlos Pereyra-Mariñez, José Andrickson-Mora, Victor Samuel Ocaña-Guevera, Félix Santos García and Alexander Vallejo Diaz
Energies 2023, 16(7), 3143; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16073143 - 30 Mar 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1342
Abstract
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations Organization pursue the provision of affordable and quality energy for all human beings, which is why the correct planning of Energy Supply Systems (ESS) in communities that present levels of energy poverty, that is, [...] Read more.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations Organization pursue the provision of affordable and quality energy for all human beings, which is why the correct planning of Energy Supply Systems (ESS) in communities that present levels of energy poverty, that is, the impossibility to satisfy their minimum needs for energy services. This work proposes a methodology to evaluate the contribution to development by the adequate provision of the demand of ESS in remote communities through the approach of Sustainable Livelihoods (SLs). The methodology starts from the initial evaluation of the sustainable livelihoods or capitals of the communities and the analysis of their interaction. Then, a capital improvement process is proposed by selecting the indicator values that optimize the model in each period, through an evolutionary algorithm that guarantees that the indicators evolve to a rich scenario as a result of planning to evolve the key variables based on a quantitative model with the indicators that empower evaluating the contribution of the ESS to them. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rural Renewable Energy Utilization and Electrification II)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Rectifier Topologies with Lead Switching, Their Effect on Frequency Regulation of Standalone Micro-Hydro Power Plants
Authors: HENRY BORY PREVEZ
Affiliation: University of Oriente
Abstract: The Micro-hydro power plants (μHPPs) give support to the development of rural zone unconnected to the Electrical System. These μHPPs operate in standalone mode been necessary the use of dump load to regulate frequency, which changes due to the variation in the power consumption of the consumer. The frequency variation can produce damage to the both side, the user’s and the generation. One method widely used to frequency regulation is the use of alternating current-alternating current (AC-AC) converters as an electronic load controller (ELC). The disadvantage of AC-AC converters is reactive power consumption with the associated decrease in both the power factor and the capacity of the alternator to deliver current. To overcome this disadvantage is proposed to combine two rectifier topologies with the lead switching form, that let’s deliver reactive power to the grid allowing the compensation of the user´s reactive power and, hence, increase both the power factor and the capacity of the alternator to deliver current. The objective is to evaluate the effect of each topology with a lead switching as components of the frequency regulation loop. For that is obtained the math expression of different energetic and efficiency indexes, and is used a MATLAB® model implemented to simulate the frequency loop. As study case is employed the Cuban rural community called ‘Los Gallegos’. The results showed that the performance of the frequency regulation loop using the proposed topologies satisfied the standard frequency regulation and increased both the power factor and current delivery capabilities of the alternator.

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