Valorization of Waste Products to Biofuel: Current Trends and Technological Challenges
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2021) | Viewed by 1942
Interests: biomass fractionation; extraction; fermentation; halophytes; biofuels; biochemicals
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
A major concern with liquid biofuels for the transportation sector is the sustainability of such fuels with respect to actual GHG reduction potential, land-use-change issues, and biomass availability. Secondly, cost competitiveness with current fossil fuels is a major barrier for the deployment of current technologies for the production of biofuels. The environmental and economic sustainability of producing liquid biofuels is largely dependent on the feedstock used for the process. Feedstocks that are easily processed into biofuels are the 1st Generation (1G) feed stocks such as oil from oil crops; sugar cane juice; and starch from cereal grains, but these feed stocks have a high price and are face challenges in the form of environmental sustainability and the food-versus-fuel dilemma. On the other hand, 2nd Generation (2G) feed stocks such as agricultural waste and municipal solid waste have a lower price, are abundantly produced, and are sustainable to use as biofuels feedstock, as they are CO2 neutral and do not compete with food production. However, conversion to biofuels is challenged by the complex composition and/or recalcitrant nature of the waste. This Special Issue will cover all aspects related to biological, thermos, and catalytic routes for the conversion of waste to fuels, focusing on current trends and technological challenges.
Prof. Dr. Mette Hedegaard Thomsen
Dr. Tanmay Chaturvedi
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- conversion of agricultural waste into fuels
- conversion of municipal solid waste into fuels
- thermochemical conversion of waste into fuels
- catalytic conversion of waste into fuels
- biological conversion of waste into fuels
- waste biorefinery concepts