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Forecasting and Optimization in Transport Energy Management Systems

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "F5: Artificial Intelligence and Smart Energy".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2024 | Viewed by 4531

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Transport Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Design, Kaunas University of Technology, Studentų St. 56, 44249 Kaunas, Lithuania
Interests: vehicle crashworthiness; active and passive safety; vehicle dynamics and stability; vehicle suspension and tires; intelligent transport systems; vehicle energy efficiency; railway transport
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Guest Editor
Department of Electromechanics and Rolling Stock of Railways, State University of Infrastructure and Technologies, Kyrylivska str., 9, Kyiv 04071, Ukraine
Interests: increasing the energy efficiency of the traction drive of the electric locomotive; diagnostics of the induction motor

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Guest Editor
Department of Transport Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Design, Kaunas University of Technology, Studentų Str., 56, 51424 Kaunas, Lithuania
Interests: railway engineering; transport management systems; development of models for mobility in the transport system; environment and sustainability

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Guest Editor
Department of Energy, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Design, Kaunas University of Technology, Studentų Str., 56, 51424 Kaunas, Lithuania
Interests: energy efficiency; heat and mass transfer; energy policy for thermal technology development

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Guest Editor
Department of Transport Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Design, Kaunas University of Technology, Studentų Str., 56, 51424 Kaunas, Lithuania
Interests: electric vehicles; internal combustion engines; automobile engineering; renewable energy technologies; energy management; emission; vehicle testing; automotive; diesel engines; vehicle safety

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

We invite you to submit your research findings to a Special Issue of Energies, entitled ‘Forecasting and Optimization in Transport Energy Management System’.

Transport is the main source of energy consumption, which is directly related to environmental pollution, and road transport currently accounts for the largest share of pollution. The number of vehicles continues to grow despite increasing challenges. To increase the competitiveness of alternative fuels against fossil fuels, advanced, optimal, and efficient technologies for the production and conversion of alternative fuels must first be developed.

Railway transport should also not be forgotten. The issue of reducing electrical power consumption in rail transport is closely related to the quality of the traction power supply. A decrease in the quality indicators of the power supply leads to higher energy consumption of the rolling stock and lower reliability of its components. On the other hand, electric rolling stock that largely causes distortion of the traction power supply system, leading to lower quality indicators.

This Special Issue aims to explore complex problems related to the interaction, forecasting and optimization of transport energy management systems, environmentally friendly low-carbon fuels, safety, and environmental protection by building on existing research and development initiatives with the purpose of achieving greater efficiency of energy consumption by vehicles regardless of transport mode, development, or use of sustainable fuels and power systems.

Topics for publication include (but are not limited to):

  • Energy of transport means, performance, and ecology;
  • Increasing energy efficiency in transport and the reduction of environmental impact;
  • Development of dynamic models and modelling;
  • Optimal management of transport energy systems;
  • Renewable and alternative energy sources in transport systems;
  • Alternative fuel vehicles, dynamics, and energy efficiency;
  • Development and modernization of alternative energy vehicles;
  • Development of resource-efficient products of advanced transport technologies and reduction of environmental pollution and climate change;
  • Energy and fuel consumption in transport.

Prof. Dr. Vaidas Lukoševičius
Dr. Sergey Goolak
Dr. Robertas Keršys
Dr. Rolandas Jonynas
Dr. Rolandas Makaras
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

30 pages, 5040 KiB  
Article
Analysis of the Efficiency of Traction Drive Control Systems of Electric Locomotives with Asynchronous Traction Motors
by Sergey Goolak, Borys Liubarskyi, Ievgen Riabov, Vaidas Lukoševičius, Artūras Keršys and Sigitas Kilikevičius
Energies 2023, 16(9), 3689; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16093689 - 25 Apr 2023
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 1933
Abstract
An analysis of the operating conditions of the traction drives of an electric rolling stock with asynchronous traction motors was conducted. In the process of operation, the electric traction drive with both direct torque control and vector control was found to possibly experience [...] Read more.
An analysis of the operating conditions of the traction drives of an electric rolling stock with asynchronous traction motors was conducted. In the process of operation, the electric traction drive with both direct torque control and vector control was found to possibly experience unstable modes, both in terms of power supply and load. The models of electric locomotive traction drives with asynchronous electric motors with either vector or direct torque control were adapted to account for the possible presence of the aforementioned operational factors. As a result of the modeling, the starting characteristics of the electric traction drives with different control systems were obtained both in the absence and in the presence of power supply and load disturbances. The following cases were investigated for the drive with vector and direct torque control in the absence of power supply and torque disturbances: drive output at the rated speed of rotation of the electric motor shaft; 10% reduction in the rated speed; 10% increase in the rated speed. The comparison of the results obtained has demonstrated that, at lower than nominal frequencies, the electric traction drive with direct torque control has higher accuracy in its regulation of the rotational speed and torque, lower power consumption from the power supply, lower torque overshooting, but a higher level of torque pulsations than the electric traction drive with vector control. Meanwhile, at higher than nominal frequencies, the vector control has higher accuracy in its regulation of the speed, lower torque overshooting, shorter duration of transient processes, and lower torque pulsations than the direct torque control. Moreover, as a result of the investigations, the traction drive with direct torque control has been found to be more resistant to power supply and load disturbances. The results of this work are applicable to the investigation of the influence of electric traction drive control methods on the energy efficiency of the traction drive of an electric locomotive with an alternating current (AC). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forecasting and Optimization in Transport Energy Management Systems)
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19 pages, 1983 KiB  
Article
Research and Optimization of Hybrid On-Board Energy Storage System of an Electric Locomotive for Quarry Rail Transport
by Sergey Goolak, Liliia Kondratieva, Ievgen Riabov, Vaidas Lukoševičius, Artūras Keršys and Rolandas Makaras
Energies 2023, 16(7), 3293; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16073293 - 6 Apr 2023
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1650
Abstract
Operation modes of rolling stock at mining enterprises are considered and analyzed. The justification of the need to replace it with a modern specialized electric locomotive for quarry railway transport, equipped with an asynchronous traction electric drive and an on-board energy storage system, [...] Read more.
Operation modes of rolling stock at mining enterprises are considered and analyzed. The justification of the need to replace it with a modern specialized electric locomotive for quarry railway transport, equipped with an asynchronous traction electric drive and an on-board energy storage system, is presented. The determination of the parameters and structure of the on-board energy storage system, based on the condition of power compensation with limited power consumption from the traction network and ensuring the autonomous movement of the electric locomotive, is considered. This study was carried out by modeling the processes of energy exchange in the traction system of an electric locomotive. The use of lithium cells and supercapacitors in energy storage is considered. Variants of the hybridization of energy storage were studied from the standpoint of minimizing the weight, size, and cost indicators. It was established that reducing the mass of the energy storage device, which includes lithium cells and supercapacitors, leads to an increase in the cost of one kilowatt-hour of energy storage capacity, which reduces the attractiveness of capital expenditures for the creation of such an energy storage device. Hybridization of the energy storage device by combining lithium cells of different types practically does not improve its weight, size, and cost indicators. The recommended option is a storage capacity of energy based on LTO elements, for which it is necessary to select elements in order to minimize weight, size, and cost indicators. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forecasting and Optimization in Transport Energy Management Systems)
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