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Modeling and Simulation of Solid Oxide Cells

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "D2: Electrochem: Batteries, Fuel Cells, Capacitors".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 August 2024 | Viewed by 610

Special Issue Editors

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Guest Editor
Faculty of Maritime and Transportation, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315832, China
Interests: fuel cells; electrolysis cells; hydrogen energy
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Guest Editor
IEK-9, Jülich Research Center, 52428 Jülich, Germany
Interests: solid oxide cells (SOCs); computational fluid dynamics (CFD); multiphysics at multiple scales

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The world is witnessing and experiencing major issues arising from climate change. Electrochemical converters play crucial roles in mitigating these issues. Among them, solid oxide cells (SOCs) are able to operate in fuel cells (SOFCs), electrolysis cells (SOECs) or even reversible solid oxide cells (RSOC) with different gas components, which represent a very promising technology for carbon-neutral attainment and decarbonization. SOCs exhibit relatively high efficiency but face challenges from electrode/cell material science, stack assembling, thermal management, system integrity and control, etc. To overcome these challenges, various computational and modeling techniques have been proposed and developed which allow for the systematic simulation, design and optimization of SOCs at different levels, aiming to provide valuable insights into the phenomena occurring within the cells, stacks and systems that reduce the development cycles.

This Special Issue aims to present and disseminate the most recent advances related to modern modeling and simulation technologies, as well as applications ranging from material design to system control in the field of SOCs, including SOFCs, SOECs and RSOCs.

Topics of interest for publication include but are not limited to the following:

  • All aspects of modeling and simulation in the field of SOCs;
  • Physical models, data-driven models and hybrid methods;
  • Static and dynamic operating performance evaluated by various models and simulations;
  • Control strategy-oriented modeling and simulation;
  • Technoeconomic analysis;
  • Advanced modeling and simulation approaches;
  • Model fidelity.

Prof. Dr. Jinliang Yuan
Dr. Shidong Zhang
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • solid oxide cells (SOCs)
  • SOFCS, SOECs and RSOCs
  • modeling and simulation
  • new electrode materials
  • cell/stack design
  • system integration and control
  • electric–hydrogen conversion and coupling

Published Papers (1 paper)

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25 pages, 11251 KiB  
Thermal Stress in Full-Size Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Stacks by Multi-Physics Modeling
by Xueping Zhang, Mingtao Wu, Liusheng Xiao, Hao Wang, Yingqi Liu, Dingrong Ou and Jinliang Yuan
Energies 2024, 17(9), 2025; https://doi.org/10.3390/en17092025 - 25 Apr 2024
Viewed by 482
Mechanical failures in the operating stacks of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are frequently related to thermal stresses generated by a temperature gradient and its variation. In this study, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is developed and further applied in full-size SOFC [...] Read more.
Mechanical failures in the operating stacks of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are frequently related to thermal stresses generated by a temperature gradient and its variation. In this study, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is developed and further applied in full-size SOFC stacks, which are fully coupled and implemented for analysis of heat flow electrochemical phenomena, aiming to predict thermal stress distribution. The primary object of the present investigation is to explore features and characteristics of the thermal stress influenced by electrochemical reactions and various transport processes within the stacks. It is revealed that the volume ratio of the higher thermal stress region differs nearly 30% for different stack flow configurations; the highest probability of potential failure appears in the cell cathodes; the more cells applied in the stack, the greater the difference in the predicted temperature/thermal stress between the cells; the counter-flow stack performs the best in terms of output power, but the predicted thermal stress is also higher; the cross-flow stack exhibits the lowest thermal stress and a lower output power; and although the temperature and thermal stress distributions are similar, the differences between the unit cells are bigger in the longer stacks than those predicted for shorter stacks. The findings from this study may provide a useful guide for assessing the thermal behavior and impact on SOFC performance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modeling and Simulation of Solid Oxide Cells)
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